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Citron asked in 社會與文化語言 · 6 years ago

有關sample的中譯(「樣本」vs. 「樣品」)

請問sample這個字用在實驗性質之取樣時,是否翻成「樣本」而非「樣品」才適當?

我是覺得,只有在參展廠商等提供sample給潛在顧客試用、觀賞時,才會翻成「樣品」。若是取樣後,拿到實驗室測試其化學或物理特徵,則應該用「樣本」。不知我這樣的理解是否有誤?還是說,您們認為,在此背景下,「樣本」或「樣品」,都可以。

以下是以上所述之背景的例句:

The quantity and quality of samples taken should be sufficient to demonstrate whether the sewage water discharged complies with the relevant standard.

所取樣品之品質與數量理應足以證明排放之污水是否符合相關標準。

Update:

謝謝Louis大大。這樣我了解了。針對我手上這個case,我的理解應該無誤。

4 Answers

Rating
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    6 years ago
    Favorite Answer

    依你的上下文應該譯成「樣本」才不容易造成誤會。

    samples taken = 所採取的樣「本」=採樣

    英文的sample可以指「採樣」或「打樣」,但需用修飾語來限定,上面所用的taken就是一個限定詞:

    A sample of a substance is a small amount of it that is examined and analyzed scientifically.

    A sample of a substance or product is a small quantity of it that shows you what it is like.

    在中譯時,要注意配合內容來選擇適當的用詞。不精確的用詞常需要使用修飾語加以約束。但要注意,沒有限定詞時,中文的「樣本」與「樣品」有時是可以通用的。

  • 6 years ago

    公主大人:

    照您這麼說,應該就是"樣本"比較合適。因為這裡"抽樣"(sampling),然後拿去實驗室用儀器測試,其目的就是希望sample (樣本)是有代表性的,亦即representative, typical。

    2015-07-02 21:42:39 補充:

    Oh, 真是謝謝您。

    您比剛出生的英國小公主夏綠蒂還可愛。

    2015-07-02 23:08:45 補充:

    ###&&&&())^&#@!!!

    2015-07-09 08:01:30 補充:

    It's not dirty words. It means: Citron is a small orange - not a big one.

  • 6 years ago

    I beg to differ.

    「樣本」= 樣 + 本 and

    「樣品」= 樣+ 品

    where

    樣 = sample selected in certain fashion

    2015-07-02 21:03:12 補充:

    but the differences are:

    本 = to be used as a "standard" for specific purposes.

    品 = tp be viewed as "one of" which may or may not be typical.

    2015-07-02 23:05:34 補充:

    因爲我每日都吃一粒大橘子啊!

    2015-07-09 01:56:17 補充:

    Hey, no dirty words here, please!

  • 6 years ago

    sample n.,

    =a small part representing the whole, typical small quantity,thing,event etc.in Chem.,Phy.eg:-sewage water discharged=standard or not.

    樣品;標本;實例;

    The nurse took a sample of our blood.

    抽取樣本

    I'd like to see some samples of your (----)work.

    樣品

    A small amount of a product that allows one to find out what it is like

    試用產品,樣本;

    The Co.are giving away free samples of this new dirty kind of cooking oil.

    食用油樣品

    sample v.,

    =to take and examine a sample of test

    檢查樣品;檢驗;试嘗;品嘗

    I sample the wine before giving it to the others.

    I sampled the wine at the EXPO, before giving it to my clients----good sentence.

    =先試嘗樣品

    to get to know about by experience;try out:-

    體驗,嘗試;

    Once you've sampled the pleasures of TW country life, you don't want to live in the city Central.

    Hence:-樣本;標本----vs----->樣品

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