Anonymous
Anonymous asked in 社會與文化語言 · 5 years ago

被動式之介系詞的問題

今天讀文法讀到 被動語態 的部分

格式是 be + p.p … by

例如

We are taught English by them.

It is written by him.

文法書有個部分寫到

被動式的介系詞by有時可用其他介系詞取代,如:

I was surprised at the news.

They were interested in the story.

He is known to everybody.

但是文法書上沒有寫 哪些時候要取代by

也沒有寫那些時候是不是一定要取代by

我想問

1. 請問在那些by被取代的狀況下,是一定要取代,還是可選擇性的?

也就是

I was surprised at the news.

是否等於

I was surprised by the news.

2.取代的介系詞是根據什麼決定的?

是根據介系詞前面的p.p 嗎?

還是根據哪些狀況呢?

2 Answers

Rating
  • 5 years ago
    Favorite Answer

    那個 by的意思是被....後面+受詞

    像是你的例句 It is written by him. 這被他寫,表示他寫了某東西

    但是你後來貼的 I was surprised at the news.

    原來句子是 The news was surprising to me.

    有些動詞後面所加的介係詞是固定的,並不是說他被替換掉,

    像是

    be surprised at......

    be interested in......

    be known to..........

    be tired of.....

    be excited about......... 這些意思都是 感到........

    像是

    I was surprised at the news. 我感到驚訝對於這個新聞

    = The news was surprising to me. 這則新聞令我驚訝

    所以只要記得某些固定的動詞他的介係詞是有固定的,而不是by 就行了

    Source(s): 自己
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  • 5 years ago

    貢丸解釋極好。 那文法書說 by 可被其他介係詞「取代」是胡說八道!

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