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Yo Yo asked in 社會與文化語言 · 5 years ago

S+V,which+V

我想請問

這個which的句型後面會加上V

可是有時又會變成加上S+V

我想問後面加V跟+S+V怎麼去判別

是只要前後主詞不同就是s+v嗎?

另外一個是

有時候分詞構句如果要省略掉先行詞的話

那麼主詞也會跟著省略則V就變成Ving

若為被動的話是依樣審略然後改成Ved嗎?

2 Answers

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  • Louis
    Lv 7
    5 years ago
    Favorite Answer

    1. S+V, which + V

    這個which的句型後面會加上V

    可是有時又會變成加上S+V

    我想問後面加V跟+S+V怎麼去判別

    是只要前後主詞不同就是s+v嗎?

    which是直接加動詞或是加S+V,要看它在子句裡的功能是「主詞」還是「受詞」。是主詞就加V,是受詞,才會加S+V:

    The river which flows through London is called the Thames.

    關係代名詞which是形容詞子句的主詞。

    We found the car which the suspect owns.

    關係代名詞which在形容詞子句裡屬動詞owns的受詞。這個形容詞子句是限定性質的修飾語,故與先行詞之間不加逗號。

    We always looked forward to Grandmother's cake, which she used to make in a huge baking tin.關係代名詞which在形容詞子句裡是動詞make的受詞。這個形容詞子句屬「非限定性質的修飾語」,故與先行詞之間需要逗號。

    John made high grades on his exam, which made his parents happy.

    快樂的原因不是exam,而是John made high grades

    所以形容詞子句所修飾的對象是前面的全句,而非其中的某個字或片語,此種子句稱為sentential relative clause ,其中的which = and that

    Do you know which is more important?

    這裡的which是用來當名詞子句「主詞」的,這個名詞子句是一個間接問句。

    2.有時候分詞構句如果要省略掉先行詞的話

    那麼主詞也會跟著省略則V就變成Ving

    若為被動的話是依樣審略然後改成Ved嗎?

    狀況也是很多:

    Being used daily, the telephone book began to look rathe told and torn up.分詞構句是用來修飾述部的修飾語,屬副詞性質,其邏輯上的主詞和主句不同時才保留。這個分詞構句是被動態。

    John running a red traffic light, a policeman arrested him.

    running在邏輯上的「主詞」是John, 不是policeman,所以保留。

    (Being) Tired with his work, he went to bed early.

    本句的being可省略,只保留當主詞補語的「過去分詞」。這個分詞構句不是被動態。

    (Being) Convinced that they were trying to poison him, he refused to eat anything.這個分詞構句才是被動態,其助動詞being可以省略。

    The car fixed by Jason is mine.這個當修飾語的分詞片語是形容詞性質的,受其修飾的名詞car,稱為其「先行詞」,在邏輯上是其受詞,因為分詞為表示被動的過去分詞。

    The car being fixed by Jason is mine.這裡加上being,表示fix的動作現在正在進行當中,與上面一句沒有being的狀況不同。沒有being時,fix的時間不明。

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  • 5 years ago

    which 關代的部份.

    要看是當主詞還是受詞.

    課本重點的部份要看熟喔.

    分詞構句,如果是被動一樣省略後,

    會變成VED來表示.被動

    Source(s): 自己
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