Why did Sweden wait till the Holy Day of Yom Kipur to officially recognize the State of Palestine?
- Shay pLv 75 years agoFavorite Answer
The Swedish PM is bending the law.
This virtual state of Palsestine doesn't meet the Montevideo Criteria. Hence it is not a state.
If this declarative theory of statehood is to be followed, then four basic criteria need to be present, as set out in the 1933 Convention. These are:
a) A permanent population: the criterion of a permanent population presents no problems and is unchallenged in the case of the Palestinian territories.
b) A defined territory: here expert opinions vary widely. The Palestinian territories are divided into the West Bank, the Gaza Strip and East Jerusalem and the border between the Palestinian territories and Israel is disputed. This has raised questions about whether this fragmentation and indeterminate borders undermine the required conditions for territorial integrity. In answer to this it has been pointed out that the territorial integrity of Palestine has been recognised and confirmed in UN Security Council resolutions, by the General Assembly and the International Court of Justice. The limited level of control over the territories would not compromise its integrity because this is due to a foreign occupation. So it is argued that the fragmentation of the territories and the lack of defined borders are not relevant criteria.
Exclaves and fragmented territories such as Gaza, East Jerusalem and the West Bank also exist in other regions and states such as Alaska, Gibraltar and Kaliningrad. At the same time, it is difficult to use the lack of defined borders between the Palestinian territories and Israel as an argument against the criterion of a defined territory when the same undefined border also applies to Israel, where it is not considered a problem.
c) A government: it is debatable whether, in terms of international law, the Palestinian government exercises sufficient authority over its territories. The problem is that the Palestinians only have full control over parts of their territories. In the Oslo Accords only certain sections of the Palestinian territories were granted limited autonomy, while 83 per cent of the West Bank is under the total or partial control of Israel. Also in the Gaza Strip, after the evacuation and the withdrawal of the Israeli military in 2005, the control of external security still remained with Israel. However, it is disputed whether it is absolutely necessary for the government to have effective control over its territories or whether the existence of a normative government is sufficient.
Supporters of Palestinian statehood argue that the word “government” is not qualified by the adjective “effective” in the Montevideo Convention. Instead it points to a new state practice where territorial units can be recognised as states even if they do not exercise full authority at the time this recognition is granted. This is the case with the Democratic Republic of Congo, Bosnia and Herzegovina, East Timor, Kosovo and Guinea-Bissau. At the same time other territorial units have been refused international recognition despite exercising governmental authority because they lacked the right to self-determination (as happened in Rhodesia). Therefore it has been proposed that the internationally-recognised right to self-determination should be applied to balance out the lack of an effective government.
The right to self-determination is an inalienable right which applies equally to all peoples and which is set out in Article 1 Paragraph 2 of the Charter of the United Nations. This right has been granted to the Palestinians in a series of UN resolutions. It is also argued that Palestine’s attributes of statehood should not depend on the wishes of Israel, as an occupying force cannot affect a government’s sovereignty.
This is countered by the argument that even before the occupation the West Bank and Gaza Strip were not sovereign, so the assumption that an occupying force has no effect on sovereignty is not applicable in this case.
d) A capacity to enter into relations with other states: there is disagreement about whether Palestine has this capacity. On the one hand it is argued that the Palestinians have signed and ratified a range of international agreements such as the Arab Charter on Human Rights and the UNESCO Cultural Heritage Charter. In addition, the Palestinian government is holding talks with other states. On the other hand the argument is that the Oslo Accords excluded certain basic functions of statehood from the Palestinian government’s area of responsibility, such as the decision on the establishment of Palestinian diplomatic missions abroad or international diplomatic missions in the West Bank and Gaza Strip.
- SthlmLv 65 years ago
Sweden is yet to formally recognise Palestine, but the Prime Minister has promised that it will be done as soon as practically possible.
On the first day in office for the new governement, the recently elected Prime Minister held his statement of government speech. He there stated the intention of his government to recognise Palestine. He did not wait for anything; in fact he took the fist opportunity to address this issue. This can be explained by need of a leader of a minority coalition government depending on support from parties negative towards Israel.
That the government took office the day before Yom Kippur was totally coincidental.
- Kevin7Lv 75 years ago
I do not think Yom Kippur had anything to do with their decision. Sweden is taking Jewish-Swedish,pro-Israeli Swedish and Israeli voices for granted,Palestine still engages in terrorism and does not recognize Israel as the Jewish state yet
- YehudaLv 55 years ago
A question of timing.
However, in 1939 Sweden also proposed to honour the "peace policy" of Adolf Hitler with the Peace Nobel Prize.
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- saggiLv 75 years ago
I wonder if they would have done so if not for their sizable muslim minority
I've always hoped for the wellbeing of Sweden maintaining a growing white majority, but I can't waste my energy fighting for a self destructive nation. It's not just them, it's everyone who isn't keeping up with birthrates and need positions to be filled in their many industries. I personally like living in a colorful society, but it's a problem when multiculturalism doesn't prove so cost effective for a shrinking majority.
- 5 years ago
It is the "day of atonement" so perhaps Sweden was trying to atone for past tacit support of the colonialists.
The joyous thing is that they finally did it and other good, honest Christian nations will follow.
- 5 years ago
It's either as TNO says
it's a sign from God (Hashem) to warn us to be Careful of the DANGERS of allowing the HAMAS Palestinians to form a State
- JustMeLv 75 years ago
Hamdulillah..seems like Fatah's hard work and dedication paid off,and of course our brothers and sisters of Hamas can say they are glad as well. For they are also Palestine..
As for "Why did Sweeden wait till..?",I'm certain it was nothing more than a pure coincidence. Come now..we all just had Eid Adha and Yom Kippur. Let's not give ourselves reasons to stock up unneeded sins to atone for. Just my humble opinion.. :)
- Anonymous5 years ago
Sweden had secret collaborations with Hitler. I love it how they now pretend to be so liberal and progressive towards a rogue state that wants to destroy a Jewish state. You only see their ugly racist side when you set foot in their smug country. But we cannot blame the Swedes. When your head is that far up your backside its hard to keep up with international politics.
- 5 years ago
ISIS will be recognized next !
May G-d have mercy on Sweden!