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幫分析一下英文句子結構與翻譯

1.The price of oil began to fall again on Friday, giving up most of the gains it had made the previous day in the first rally in two weeks.

請問句中,giving up 是分詞構句嗎?是否give前省略了the price 才用, givung up ....

還有後面為什麼用到過去完成式had made是否有兩件事情有先發生與後發生?

最後除了我提了比較不懂得的這兩個地方,麻煩可以的話請完整詳細分析一下這個句子結構與翻譯一下這句中文意思,謝謝!!

2.To help Audrey make a difference , Google is giving $20,000 in her name to a charity to bring clean water and latrines to 10 schools in Bangladesh.

請問這句中文要怎翻比較順,還有make a differerce 的意思

1 Answer

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  • Louis
    Lv 7
    6 years ago
    Favorite Answer

    1.The price of oil began to fall again on Friday, giving up most of the gains it had made the previous day in the first rally in two weeks.

    過去的兩個星期當中,石油好不容易才剛漲價,但第二天,也就是這星期五,所漲的幅度幾乎全都跌回去了

    請問句中,giving up 是分詞構句嗎?是否give前省略了the price 才用, giving up ....

    是的。因為它邏輯上的主詞同主句的主詞,所以不寫出來

    還有後面為什麼用到過去完成式had made是否有兩件事情有先發生與後發生?

    因為had made是發生在gave up之前。但gave up成了分詞giving up,所以不容易發現兩者的時差。

    最後除了我提了比較不懂得的這兩個地方,麻煩可以的話請完整詳細分析一下這個句子結構與翻譯一下這句中文意思,謝謝!!

    主要子句:The price of oil began to fall again on Friday.

    分詞構句:giving up most of the gains

    形容詞子句:it had made the previous day in the first rally in two weeks。子句與先行詞gains之間的關係代名詞that(當作made的受詞)省略。

    全句是一個complex sentence

    2.To help Audrey make a difference , Google is giving $20,000 in her name to a charity to bring clean water and latrines to 10 schools in Bangladesh.

    請問這句中文要怎翻比較順,還有make a differerce 的意思

    make a difference >製造不同>改善窮人的生活

    為讚助Audrey改善窮人生活的計畫,Google以Audrey的名義捐給某個慈善機構以提供淨水與厠所給孟加拉的十所學校。

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