assss asked in 社會與文化語言 · 5 years ago

英文句子練習

Because of both the opening of new huge new market and major shifts in the workforce, it has become necessary _______ education, training, and experience of employees in the workplace. (A) supplementing (B) to supplement (C) supplement (D) that supplements 答案:B

Massachusetts ranks only 45th in size among the 50 states, but it offers visitors a host of ______ things to see and do. (A) invited (B) inviting (C) invitation (D) being invited. 答案:B(像這種題目of+名詞,要怎麼選因為b,c都是名詞)

This is to answer your letter of _______ on the Police Force’s policies and procedures concerning undercover detectives. (A) require (B) inquire (C) inquiry (D) request

答案:D(為甚麼這裡是of+動詞)

I suggested ______ in more exhibitions to make our product well-known to the public. (A) participate (B) to participate (C) participating (D) participated. 答案:C

The conference site was located in a quiet community; unfortunately, it was much farther than we __________. (A) have expected (B) expected (C) had expected (D) was expected. 答案:C(than前後時態不是都要一樣,為甚麼要選c)

上面都不懂句子結構,麻煩各位幫忙

Update:

請問第1題 it是甚麼用法?

通常it不是 ex: It is fun to study English.

=To study English is fun.

=Studying English is fun.

或者是名詞子句當主詞時用it代替 ,為甚麼第1題是to+名詞?

3 Answers

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  • 5 years ago
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    1. Because of both the opening of new huge new market and major shifts in the workforce, it has become necessary _______ education, training, and experience of employees in the workplace.

    (A) supplementing (B) to supplement (C) supplement (D) that supplements

    注意 it 是虛主詞,通常代替後面的不定詞或 that 子句,所以考慮 (B)和(D)。 選(D) that ~的話,必須有動詞才成子句,這裡 education, training, and experience of employees in the workplace. 都不是動詞,所以必須選 (B)。

    2. Massachusetts ranks only 45th in size among the 50 states, but it offers visitors a host of ______ things to see and do.

    (A) invited (B) inviting (C) invitation (D) being invited.

    of 後面已經有名詞,就是 things,所以空格不要再填名詞,不能選 (C)。

    這裡空格要填形容詞來修飾 things。 (B) inviting 是形容詞,表示 「令人很想」 去看去做的事物,是正解。 (A) invited 可以當形容詞,但意思是「被邀請的」,不合語意。

    3. This is to answer your letter of _______ on the Police Force’s policies and procedures concerning undercover detectives.

    (A) require (B) inquire (C) inquiry (D) request

    of 後面是要用名詞沒錯。 request 可當動詞,也可當名詞,故須在 (C)與(D)兩者選其一。

    決定 (C)或 (D)的關鍵在搭配的介係詞 on。 inquiry 通常用 about 或 into 表示「詢問關於某事或針對某事」,request on ~ 表示對某種東西提出要求,所以正解要選 (D)。

    4. I suggested ______ in more exhibitions to make our product well-known to the public.

    (A) participate (B) to participate (C) participating (D) participated.

    suggest 是及物動詞,要接名詞、代名詞、動名詞或名詞子句當受詞。 這裡只有 (C) participating 是動名詞可做受詞,故為正解。

    5. The conference site was located in a quiet community; unfortunately, it was much farther than we __________.

    (A) have expected (B) expected (C) had expected (D) was expected.

    注意這裡有 unfortunately (不幸地) 表示失望,可見原先已有預期,但結果與預期不同。 既然通句都用 was 表示過去,比過去更早就預期必須用過去完成式,故 (C) 為正解。

    2014-09-09 21:38:39 補充:

    supplement 是名詞也是動詞,it 是虛主詞,代替真主詞的不定詞 to supplement......。

    你五題之中就有兩題牽涉到單字詞性沒記全。 往後在記單字時,除了知道單一意思之外,也該把相關詞性都看看,讓自己有點印象,然後多閱讀文章,看看人家如何用字。不然只因弄錯詞類而把正確答案排除在考慮選項之外,因而失分是很可惜的。

    2014-09-09 23:53:45 補充:

    對不起,版主,補充一下。

    由於你提出 supplement 詞性問題,我回頭再看一下題目。我的解釋不夠清楚。 supplement 可當名詞或動詞,所以應該說 (D) 的 that 是連接詞,子句必須有主詞和動詞。 如果 that supplements 的 supplements 是名詞當主詞,則缺少動詞,若 supplements 是第三人稱動詞單數,則缺主詞,都錯。

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  • 5 years ago

    LionEnglish 謝謝

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  • 5 years ago

    I like the explanation very much!

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