一一 asked in 社會與文化語言 · 5 years ago

這一句話是甚麼意思?(特別不解was held into..

An inquiry was held into the cause of the plane crash.

1.這句話是甚麼意思?

2.Held into the cause?? 意思

3.為何用被動?

Update:

為什麼會very heavy?

為什麼要用hold 這個動詞?

Update 2:

那這一句

He paid very little regard to the advice he was given.

可以寫成

He paid the very little regard to the advice he was given.嗎?

因為regard 不是 名詞嗎?因該要加定冠詞嗎?

Update 3:

The celebrated author won a famous award with her collection of short stories.

Many celebrities attended the awards ceremony.

為什麼第一句用 a

第二句用 the?

Update 4:

可是名詞 不是都要加定冠詞 or 不定冠詞嗎?

像是 a pen ; a poem 之類的 ?

Update 5:

Shop rents in the downtown area are getting higher these days.

According to the contract , Jane has to pay the rent at the beginning of every month.

第一句 rent 為何要+s ?

第二句rent 為何要+the 而且他沒有用複數?

Update 6:

The Republic of China came into existence in 1912.

為什麼用過去式啊?

(過去式不是代表[以前]存在[現在]不存在嗎?)

不好意思......基礎太差.....

Update 7:

The Pacific Ocean is so vast that ships traveling on it can be lost without a trace.

我想問的是如果我要說 船在海上迷路

可以用主動跟被動?

(可是船不會[迷路]啊?)

Update 8:

那上面這一句呢?

Update 9:

His smoking had become habitual.

為何用完成?(完成不是講從過去到現在還在持續, 或是講經驗嗎? )

Update 10:

那這句也一樣

Hearing the court's decision , the victim's family felt that the legal system had let them down.

這也是用完成式?

2 Answers

Rating
  • 5 years ago
    Favorite Answer

    The style of writing for this kind of sentence is so-called "end weight." it means, it doesn't want the sentence to be "top heavy", so it moves the "modifier" to the end of the sentence. If I rewrite the sentence as:

    An inquiry into the cause of the plane crash is held.

    You can see the head "An inquiry .... crash" is very "heavy".

    1.這句話是甚麼意思?

    召開調查這次飛機失事的原因。

    2.Held into the cause?? 意思

    "into" doesn't go with "held". "into the cause... crash" is a prepositional phrase used as an adjective to describe "inquiry".

    3.為何用被動?

    "inquiry" cannot be held by itself. It is done by people.

    2014-09-01 22:18:14 補充:

    Your having this kind problem is because you don't try to understand the context of the sentence, and start using grammar to analyze the sentence. If you try to understand the sentence first, then you will have NO problem to know the function of "into ... crash".

    2014-09-03 22:19:59 補充:

    為什麼會very heavy?

    "An inquiry into the cause of the plane crash" consists of the subject "an inquiry" and compliment "into the ... crash", yet the main verb "is held" has ONLY two words. This is why it is "heavy"

    2014-09-03 22:24:36 補充:

    Sorry! shall be "was held", not "is held".

    為什麼要用hold 這個動詞?

    "Hold" means "舉行". if you don't like to use "hold", you can use "engage in".

    2014-09-07 22:34:47 補充:

    因為regard 不是 名詞嗎?因該要加定冠詞嗎?

    If you want to use "the", I would suggest to use "the least regard". To me "very little regard" is NOT for a specific situation, so there is NO need for "the". Using "the" with "least" is due to superlative (最高級) case of an adjective.

    2014-09-07 22:40:58 補充:

    continue in opinion.

    2014-09-07 22:43:22 補充:

    Not all the nouns need a definite article (定冠詞) or indefinite article (不定冠詞). Using a definite article is only for a "specific" situation; using an indefinite article is only for "singular and nonspecific" situation.

    2014-09-07 22:44:21 補充:

    "regard' is a uncountable noun. Hence, you cannot use indefinite article, and since it is NOT specific in this case, so you don't use "the" either.

    2014-09-08 10:56:53 補充:

    The celebrated author won a famous award with her collection of short stories.

    為什麼第一句用 a?

    In this sentence, it does NOT specify which award! So you use "a", not "the"

    2014-09-08 10:59:27 補充:

    Many celebrities attended the awards ceremony.

    第二句用 the?

    Because they didn't go to ANY award ceremony, but the ceremony they knew, so it is specified.

    2014-09-08 11:01:42 補充:

    可是名詞 不是都要加定冠詞 or 不定冠詞嗎?

    像是 a pen ; a poem 之類的 ?

    If it is countable, yes!

    for singular, you use "a" or "an";

    for specified, you use "the".

    2014-09-08 11:03:11 補充:

    For uncountable and NON-specified, you do NOT need it !

    2014-09-08 13:12:22 補充:

    Using articles in English sentence is another difficult aspect in learning English, like prepositions. My academic advisor once told me: if you can use articles properly, your English writing is half way there.

    2014-09-08 13:14:30 補充:

    You shall NOT just apply this rule "可是名詞 不是都要加定冠詞 or 不定冠詞嗎?" After all, it is NOT that simple. You have to use your mind to learn it, not the rule.

    2014-09-08 13:21:42 補充:

    if you really like to learn how to use articles properly, here is a link you can read about it in more detail:

    http://www.englishpage.com/articles/advanced-artic...

    2014-09-08 13:23:51 補充:

    Also, in the future, when you read English news, report or article, you try this:

    remove ALL the articles (the, a, an) in a paragraph, then read it again. You will see the entire paragraph becomes very difficult to read.

    2014-09-08 13:26:58 補充:

    After you have tried it several times, you will understand why it is NOT easy to use articles and also how important articles are in a sentence.

    2014-09-08 13:28:27 補充:

    After you have tried it several times, you will understand why it is NOT easy to use articles and also how important articles are in a sentence.

    2014-09-08 13:37:51 補充:

    The following links are more complete:

    http://www.englishpage.com/articles/a-vs-an.htm

    http://www.englishpage.com/articles/a-an-vs-the.ht...

    http://www.englishpage.com/articles/advanced-artic...

    2014-09-09 00:19:40 補充:

    Shop rents in the downtown area are getting higher these days.

    第一句 rent 為何要+s ?

    "rent" here is a noun. It uses plural, because different shop has different rent.

    2014-09-09 00:21:32 補充:

    According to the contract , Jane has to pay the rent at the beginning of every month.

    第二句rent 為何要+the 而且他沒有用複數?

    It uses "the", because it is THE rent she has to pay, not any other rent. Unless, she has several different places that she needs to pay rent.

    2014-09-09 00:22:09 補充:

    Otherwise, it is just that ONE rent she has to pay.

    2014-09-09 21:47:03 補充:

    The Republic of China came into existence in 1912.

    為什麼用過去式啊?

    It did establish in the past, right? If you use present tense, it means it establishes at present time.

    2014-09-09 21:49:38 補充:

    過去式不是代表[以前]存在[現在]不存在嗎?

    Yes! This part you are right, but not this part "不存在". The sentence only talks about when it "came into existence", doesn't talk about whether it is still existing.

    2014-09-09 22:45:47 補充:

    不好意思......基礎太差.....

    If you can understand my all English explanation, you shall have a certain level of proficiency. Besides the questions you ask are NOT the beginning level and I like them, so I keep answering them.

    2014-09-09 22:46:34 補充:

    However, you need to digest it well, after all, to say it is easy, but to understand it well is another story.

    2014-09-11 00:20:02 補充:

    Yes, you are right! Don't translation to understand it. Otherwise, you will have tons of problems with English. After all, English thinking is NOT the same as Chinese. For example:

    2014-09-11 00:22:09 補充:

    In English:

    I have my hair cut.

    In Chinese:

    我去剪頭髮

    Here "have" and "去" are different in thinking.

    2014-09-11 00:23:35 補充:

    In English:

    I went shopping.

    In Chinese:

    我去逛街

    Here, "shopping" and "逛街" are very different in thinking.

    2014-09-11 21:20:40 補充:

    His smoking had become habitual.

    為何用完成?

    Well, what it tries to say is:

    His smoking had happened in the past. This is to narrate a situation in the past had occurred.

    2014-09-11 21:23:16 補充:

    When you want to describe a sequence of situations, you would like to use different tenses to tell people how and when these situations happened. Using, "had become" is just to tell people "it had happened".

    2014-09-11 21:29:44 補充:

    我想問的是如果我要說 船在海上迷路. 可以用主動跟被動?

    I think your problem is why use "sailing" and " be lost". Even though it talks about ships. However, no matter what ships don't sail by itself. Hence, it actually talks people sailing on ocean.

    2014-09-11 21:32:36 補充:

    Of course, you can talk about it with the standpoint of ships. However, it would be very awkward.

    By the way, even though we talk about people, we sometimes use passive voice, for example:

    2014-09-11 21:34:45 補充:

    I can get (be) lost in Taichung, even though I lived there while being a student.

    Here, "lost" is a passive voice.

    2014-09-11 21:37:28 補充:

    With these saying, I suggest you not bring in these grammar to analyze sentences, but try to read more to get yourself used to how native speakers use English.

    You know when you are used to it, there is NO need to know why. You just use it naturally and instinctually.

    2014-09-11 21:39:42 補充:

    Don't you think, it would be very cumbersome to analyze a sentence by grammar. The ultimate goal to learning a language is to be able to use it for communication and understand it without translation. Hence, you shall head for this direction.

    2014-09-11 21:42:13 補充:

    Ask yourself, when you learned Chinese or Taiwanese as a baby, did you ask why? You accepted everything your parents taught you as is without any question. Now you use them without the need of grammar or even think about it.

    2014-09-12 20:57:18 補充:

    Hearing the court's decision , the victim's family felt that the legal system had let them down.

    這也是用完成式?

    Again, for the same reason, it narrates a sequence of events. To put these events in right order as they happen,

    2014-09-12 20:58:45 補充:

    it means, courts decision happened first, then the feeling came next.

    2014-09-14 22:32:01 補充:

    "hearing ... decision" is a participle phrase and uses to modify "felt". You can use "having heard ... decision", but it is not necessary, because these two events, "hearing" and "felt" happen about the same time.

    2014-09-14 22:35:20 補充:

    The feeling is spontaneous and simultaneous, it shall not have a delay!

    2014-09-14 22:42:01 補充:

    However, it did use "had let them down" to tell people their feeling came AFTER the court decision.

  • 5 years ago

    The Republic of China came into existence in 1912.

    所以這一句講的是Republic of China 建立的[事實], 而不是講它存不存在>?

    2014-09-14 19:09:25 補充:

    可是先發生的不是要用完成式嗎?後發生用過去簡單式嗎?

    那Hearing the court's decision 應該要用完成式吧?

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