一個句子的問題和一個字的翻譯

One can hardly read literature or legends without coming across the stories of magical, mystical creatures.(這是前一句,以下問題都是指下面那句)

Among them, the elves, perhaps the most well-known creatures, evolving from German mythology, take many shapes and seizes with most bearing long pointed ears.

1.請問them是指什麼?literature or legends還是creatures?

2.among them後面是不是連用兩個同位語?是同位前面的them嗎?如果是,當我把among them移到句子的最後面,那兩個同位語要不要一起移?如果不是,他們是同位什麼?

3.這句是用分詞構句嗎?那主詞是什麼?

4.為什麼後面那句也沒有主詞?祈使句?

(抱歉問這麼多問題...

之前在評論版的地方看到一句話She is a ratchet.

請問ratchet是什麼意思?

我怎麼找都只有「棘輪」或「棘齒」的意思

3 Answers

Rating
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    7 years ago
    Favorite Answer

    1.請問them是指什麼?literature or legends還是creatures?

    是creatures

    2.among them後面是不是連用兩個同位語?是同位前面的the嗎?如果是,當我把among them移到句子的最後面,那兩個同位語要不要一起移?如果不是,他們是同位什麼?

    elves的同位語是跟在後面的the most well-known creatures

    the elves take many shapes and sizes ...是主要子句,among them是它的修飾語,為了與前一句的內容相連結,所以移到句前做為「轉承詞」。

    3.這句是用分詞構句嗎?那主詞是什麼?

    ... evolving from German mythology...是形容詞性質的「分詞片語」,修飾前面的名詞creatures,因為是非限定性質的修飾語,所以前後加上逗號。

    「分詞構句」是副詞性質的修飾語,修述的對象是述部。不是本句的狀況。

    4.為什麼後面那句也沒有主詞?祈使句?

    這兩句都是簡單句(simple sentence),各只有一組述部。

    One can ... read literature or legends....

    The elves ... takes many shapes and sizes....

    5. A ratchet is a metal piece that fits between the teeth, allowing movement in one direction only.

    所以She is a ratchet.這句可能是「比喻」的說法,把她類比成一個關鍵的零件:她的角色就像是一個能防止齒輪逆轉的「棘齒」。

    2014-08-31 12:53:52 補充:

    有關ratchet這個字,網路字典有特別的解釋如下:

    http://www.urbandictionary.com/define.php?term=Rat...

    請參見。

    2014-08-31 12:54:42 補充:

    多謝prisoner大師的指教。

  • Anonymous
    7 years ago

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    厗哭偫伕判

  • 7 years ago

    On ratchet:

    1. from urban black communities;

    2. typically on black, young woman who sings well, pretty, fashionable, and smart , look like such, at least.

    3. becoming popular among whites (youth)

    2014-08-30 22:56:12 補充:

    example:

    yo b|tch r a ratchet. (a compliment)

    2014-08-30 23:03:57 補充:

    1. them 有可能是(literature or) legends 也有可能是stories 或是creatures

    到底是誰 要由語意決定

    example:

    One can hardly read certain books without falling into dreams, among them, the Bible, and the Great Exp.

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