Anonymous
Anonymous asked in 社會與文化語言 · 7 years ago

英文的四大類文法

請各位幫幫我因為我非常想知道英文的文法

我想問的文法有四大類:

現在簡單式、過去簡單式、未來簡單式

現在完成式、過去完成式、未來完成式

現在進行式、過去進行式、未來進行式

現在完成進行式、過去完成進行式、未來完成進行式

還我我想要每個式都有example我才會看得懂

請各位大大一定要幫我 > <

拜託了~~~

3 Answers

Rating
  • 7 years ago
    Favorite Answer

    現在簡單式(簡稱現在式)-第一/二人稱/複數主詞+動詞+受詞(名詞) 第三人稱單數動詞加s

    ex. I love you.

    She (He) goes to school early.

    過去簡單式(過去式)-基本句型同上,動詞改過去式

    ex. I broke my legs.

    She(He) ate a hotdog.

    未來簡單式(未來式)-主詞+will+原形動詞+受詞(名詞)

    ex. I (She/He) will go to Canada.

    現在完成式-第一/二人稱/複數主詞+have+過去分詞(p.p)+受詞(名詞)

    第三人稱單數主詞+has+過去分詞(p.p)+受詞(名詞)

    (表示過去一個時間點持續到現在所完成的事)

    ex. I have finished my homework.

    She(He) has finished her homework.

    過去完成式-主詞+had+過去分詞

    ex. The bus had left when I arrived at the station.(巴士離開發生的比抵達車站還要更早,但這兩件事都是發生在過去的時間裡)

    未來完成式-主詞+wiil+have+過去分詞

    ex. I will have worked in this company for five years on April 2.(到4/2我就將在這間公司服務滿五年)

    現在進行式-主詞+be動詞+動名詞

    ex. I am eating my breakfast.

    She(He) is singing.

    They are running.

    過去進行式-主詞+過去式be動詞+動名詞

    ex. I was walking on the street.

    She(He) was dring a cup of juice.

    They were playing in the park.

    未來進行式-主詞+will+be+動名詞+未來某時間點

    ex. I(She/He/They) will be watching a movie tomorrow night.

    現在完成進行式-第一/二人稱/複數主詞+have been+動名詞

    第三人稱單數主詞+has been+動名詞

    (表示過去某時間點就開始作的事情並一直持續到現在都還在做)

    ex. I have been listening to the radio for two hours.

    過去完成進行式-主詞+had been+動名詞(過去某事件前,更早的另一個動作已經持續進行了一段時間,且該動作在那時仍持續進行中)

    ex. I had been watching TV for a long time before my mother came back.

    未來完成進行式-主詞+will have been+動名詞(表示過去發生的動作,持續到現在,並將延伸到未來某一時刻)

    ex. I will have been waiting for an hour before my classmates get here.

    希望有幫到你:)

    Source(s): 自己
  • Anonymous
    7 years ago

    這是動詞時態

    文法書有詳細說明

    線上尋找也有說明

  • 7 years ago

    The Grammar 4 types you are asking=3x4=12.

    Verb Tenses and Aspects given here are 10.

    Tense refers to the time of a situation. English makes use of two tense categories, which are indicated by the form of the verb:-

    PRESENT:- walks, is walking, has been walking.

    PAST:- walked, was walking, had been walking.

    Unlike tense,which indicates a verb's location in time(past or present), verb's aspect refers to situation. .Aspect=auxiliary+a main verb.

    2 aspects apply:-

    PERFECT aspect:-relative to:-eg:-I have climbed Mt.Ali Shan many times before now.

    PROGRESSIVE aspect:-duration of a situation:-eg:-I am strolling the Boardway walk.

    Aspects appear in sentences in conjunction with tenses to form:-

    PRESENT perfect:-has walked, have walked

    PAST perfect:-had walked

    PRESENT progressive:-am walking, is walking, are walking

    PAST progressive:-was walking, were walking

    The perfect and progressive aspects can be combined, as in the case of has been walking; had been walking.

    Then you try learn Irregular English Verbs:-eg:-Base---Past---edParticiple

    -----=take---took---taken

    ----=write---wrote---written

    Keep up with the good work.

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