問題關於!力學!但不是經典力學

如何從公式F=dp/dt

*(y是gamma)得出F=y^3mav^2/c^2+yma,則F通常不完全等於ma。

1 Answer

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  • 天同
    Lv 7
    6 years ago
    Favorite Answer

    It is just a matter of differentiation.

    From momentum definition: p = ymv

    where m is the rest mass, v is the velocity, y = (1-v^2/c^2)^(-1/2)

    c is the speed of light.

    Force F = dp/dt = m[d(yv)/dt] = my(dv/dt) + mv(dy/dt)

    But my(dv/dt) = mya where a is the acceleration, which equals to dv/dt

    and dy/dt = (-1/2).y^3.(-2v/c^2).(dv/dt) = (y^3).(v/c^2).a

    i.e. mv(dy/dt) = m.y^3(v^2/c^2)a

    Therefore, F = mya + m.y^3.(v^2/c^2).a

    If v << c, then v^2/c^2 << 1, and y is more or less equal to 1. The equation reduces to F = ma, the same form as in Newtonian mechanics.

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