Anonymous
Anonymous asked in 社會與文化語言 · 6 years ago

one of them 和 one of which 差別

HELP !!!

What is the difference between "one of them" and "one of which" ?

請大家幫幫忙舉例&解析~

感激不盡...

4 Answers

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  • 6 years ago
    Favorite Answer

    這很簡單啦,只有兩個重要概念:

    (1)英文的句子與句子一定要用連接詞連接

    (2) 關代除了是代名詞之外,也是連接詞的一種。(ex. I often go to the cafe which Ted met. 觀察: which子句 前面不是有一個句子嗎?可見得關代具有連接詞詞性)

    ex. I have two brothers, both of them are doctors. (x)

    解決之道: (1) 補上連接詞

    分為兩種: 1. I have two brothers, and both of them are doctors. (看句意補上適合的連接詞,所以有沒有發現英文裡的"and"很少翻成中文?因為那只是英文文法需要而已)

    2. I have two brothers, both of whom (請注意這裡用whom純粹是因為of的關係,both of whom 還是主格啦) are doctors.

    (2) 既然句子與句子一定要有連接詞,那我把其中附屬的那一句(比較屬於補充資訊的那一句) 的結構破壞掉,變成不是句子,不就OK了? (切入點:沒有動詞就不是句子了,那我們就把動詞改成分詞,主動用Ving, 被動用pp)

    I have two brothers, both of them are doctors. (x)

    I have two brothers, both of them (being) doctors. (o) being因為不影響句意所以通常省略

    你問的one of them vs one of which,道理完全一樣

    ex. The country has many mountains, one of them attracts many visitors. (x)

    The country has many mountains, and one of them attracts many visitors. (o)

    The country has many mountains, one of which attracts many visitors. (o)

    The country has many mountains, one of them attracting many visitors. (o)

    (Ving如果是"現在分詞" 在英文裡是相當於形容詞喔)

    2014-08-13 22:57:43 補充:

    例句打錯了:

    I often go to the cafe which Ted met Kim.

    Sorry!

    2014-08-13 23:05:30 補充:

    比較有挑戰的例子:

    Many people died in the earthquake, some of them buried alive. (o)

    =Many people died in the earthquake, and some of them were buried alive. (o)

    =Many people died in the earthquake, some of whom were buried alive. (o)

    Source(s): 自己心得, myself
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  • 6 years ago

    簡而言之,

    which本身是「關係代名詞」,

    也就是說她除了有代名詞的功效外,她同時也有「連接詞」的功用在。

    所以說,

    關代WHICH = 代名詞+連接詞

    which和them 最大的不同,

    就在於which有連接詞的作用,(前後句間有which就不需連接詞)

    而them沒有!!!!!!!!!!!(前後句間需要連接詞)

    舉一個例子說明之↓

    ↓↓↓↓↓↓↓↓↓↓↓↓↓↓↓↓↓↓↓↓↓↓↓↓↓↓↓↓↓↓↓↓

    中譯: 我養了五隻小貓,其中一隻一跳可以跳100 m!!

    英譯(them):I had five little kitties【, and one of them】 can jump up to 100 meters.

    (Which): I had five little kitties【, one of which】 can jump up to 100 meters.

    當我們用which的時候,

    她代表的是前一句的五隻小貓(先行詞),作為後面一句的主詞,

    他也代替了and連接詞的作用,因此不用在加上連接詞。

    但them只是代名詞,所以在前後句間還需要and連接。

    希望有幫上你:-)

    Source(s): 過來人的經驗!?學生真苦命~~
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  • 6 years ago

    Star 的回答更完整!

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  • 6 years ago

    The difference between "of them" and "of which" is this:

    "of which" functions as a modifier, whereas

    "of them" functions as an object.

    2014-08-13 22:51:14 補充:

    Objects are keepers (don't separate them from the subject and don't delete them), whereas modifiers can be separated from the words they modify and they can be deleted.

    For example:

    2014-08-13 22:51:38 補充:

    There are six types of flamingos all, of which have long legs, long necks, and beaks that curve sharply downward.

    You can remove ", of which".

    2014-08-13 22:51:55 補充:

    However, if you write:

    There are six types of flamingos, all of them have long legs, long necks, and beaks that curve sharply downward.

    You cannot remove ", all of them"

    2014-08-13 22:53:20 補充:

    Master LionEnglish has posted his answer just right before I did. He has explained nicely for this issue. I thus move my answer to the opinion area as a reference.

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