u sub problem with definite integral.?

I solved the above problem to be integral 3u^(1/3) from 1 to 8 and put u as the 8y-5y^2+4y^3+1 but when I put the limits into this I get

3(1793^(1/3))-6

MML says it should be 3 but the only way I can figure out how they got 3 is by putting the limits 8 and 1 into 3u^(1/3). Is that how you solve this type of problem because I thought after finding u you were supposed to evaluate as F(b)-F(a).

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  • 5 years ago
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    when substituting you have to substitute the integration limits, too

    if u = 8y-5y^2+4y^3+1, then

    when y = 0, u = 1

    when y = 1, u = 8 - 5 + 4 + 1 = 8

    thus if the primitive is 3u^(1/3), the integral is

    3*8^(1/3) - 3*1^(1/3) = 6 - 3 = 3

    hope this helps

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