How did the Bible know?
"things which are seen were not made of things which do appear."
The Earth in the universe.
"He...hangs the earth upon nothing"
The Earth is not flat. everyone believed it was until Columbus sailed the seas.
"It is he that sits upon the circle of the earth"
Cycle of Air.
"The wind goes toward the south, and turns about unto the north; it whirls about continually, and the wind returns again according to his circuits" (Ecclesiastes 1:6).
The Earth revolves around the Sun
Luke 17:34–36 says the Second Coming of Jesus Christ will occur while some are asleep at night and others are working at daytime activities in the field