What contributions has Eli Whitney made to the Industrial Revolution?
- MelvieLv 56 years agoFavorite Answer
His major contribution to the Industrial Revolution was the perfection of the standardization of component parts to machines and products. This facilitated the development of the assembly line and the process of mass production that we use today.
By contrast, Whitney also contributed to the maintenance of an agrarian economy through his development of the cotton gin.
Whitney was most recognized for developing the cotton gin, a mechanical method used to remove seeds from cotton. This made the growth of cotton as a profit crop feasible. It also resulted in an increased demand for labor in order to plant, grow and pick the raw cotton. This made slavery a profitable enterprise - there were numerous indications that prior to popular use of the cotton gin slavery was close to being abandoned as economically detrimental to the states of what later became known as the "Cotton South." After introduction of the cotton gin the rapid spread of cotton as a cash crop led to a policy favoring expansion of cotton growth to new states (incl. Texas, Kansas, Missouri, Arkansas, etc.) was necessarily accompanied by the need for slave labor. Whitney has thus been considered an unknowing contributor to the factors that led to the American Civil War by a number of historians.
- Patrick4024Lv 76 years ago
He made standardization of parts in the manufacture of rifles, which made the industrial revolution begin.