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逗號後的動詞形態

If you feel adventurous, swim with the rays and sharks there.

The animal are unafraid of people and swim with close, allowing photographers to take amazing photos

上面兩句中,逗號後的動詞swim及allow,為何一個不加ing而另一個卻要加呢??

4 Answers

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  • 6 years ago
    Favorite Answer

    英語逗點有不同的用法,有的是語氣停頓,有的是要做補充,有的是分開從屬子句和主要子句。

    If you feel adventurous, swim with the rays and sharks there.

    你要是想冒想,就跟那裡的魔鬼魚以及鯊魚一起游泳吧。

    這句逗點前的 if 子句是從屬子句,後面 swim with the rays and sharks there 是主要子句,是個祈使句,叫人家要是敢冒險,「去」 跟鯊魚游泳。祈使句的句首是原形動詞,所以用 swim。

    下句則不同,是分詞當補述用法:

    The animal are unafraid of people and swim with close (?), allowing photographers to take amazing photos

    這動物不怕人,游得很近(?),使得攝影師可以拍很動人的相片。

    這句 swim with close 後面似乎有掉字,但不影響解釋。

    逗點前面說 「動物不怕人又游得近」,這句話已經很完整,逗點後又補充說這件事 「使得」 攝影師可以拍好照片,那就要用分詞 allowing 來補述。

    一般文法上也可看成是 「關係代名詞+動詞」 簡化成 「分詞」 的用法:

    The animal are unafraid of people and swim with close (?), which allows photographers to take amazing photos.

    你若知道關係代名詞 which 可以表示前面的整件事,這裡 which allows 就是這種用法, which 表示「魚不怕生又游得近」 這件事。 因為 「關代與動詞」 which allows 可以簡化成 「分詞」 allowing,就變成第二句了。

    2014-05-31 03:49:17 補充:

    錯字更正 (第一句翻譯) 冒想-->冒險

    你要是想冒險.....,

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  • 6 years ago

    參考

    http://fish7750601.pixnet.net/blog

    看看應該對你有幫助

    品刕歮奻姦雥

    2014-06-04 01:53:12 補充:

    到下面的網址看看吧

    ▶▶http://candy5660601.pixnet.net/blog

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  • Anonymous
    6 years ago

    參考下面的網址看看

    http://phi008780520.pixnet.net/blog

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  • 6 years ago

    > The animal are unafraid of people and swim with close (?), ...

    = The animal are unafraid of people and swim with (people) close, ...

    2014-05-31 04:13:29 補充:

    But watch out for the rays, though - they have stings that kill...

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