英翻中請教(篇幅不多、有關社會學)--20點

麻煩幫忙校正紅色字體部分,感謝!

(黑色字體部分提供前後文對照)

Notice the condition thus established. The oneparty commands; the other labors and accommodates itself to superior force. Asevery war must cease raging and the weaker party must give up fruitlessopposition, so nature helps to make the situation peaceful andlasting. But peace and permanence are the elements of order, out ofwhich come habit, custom, rights.請注意由此確立的條件。一方指揮,另一方勞動,並考慮到自身優勢強權。由於每次戰爭必須停止肆虐,而弱的一方必須放棄無結果的反對,所以自然狀態有助於使局勢和平與恆久不變。而和平與恆久不變是秩序的要素,其中來自習慣、風俗、權利。The hostile contact of different [heterogen] socialelements of unlike strength is the first condition for the creation of rights;the conditions established by force and accepted in weakness, if peaceablycontinued, become rightful. Inequality of power is essential, forcontestants of equal strength would wear themselves out in mutual conflictor,morenaturally, would unite and subject a weaker. Moreoverinequality is stamped on every right; the husband orders his wife, the parentin the strength of his years commands his minor children, the owner excludes allothers from enjoying the fruit of his property: all these are rights expressingthe orderly relations of unequals. It is an error and a delusion to think thatrights have been or can be equally distributed. They arise onlyin the relations which exist in the state; they express them and measure theirinequality.不同社會行為人的不同敵意接觸,是創造權利的第一種情形。若這種情形被建立在強制力和被承認為弱點上,並和平地進行,將會權利化。權利的不平等是不可少的,平等的競爭者將在相互衝突下耗盡自己,自然地強者將使弱者團結或隸屬。並且,不平等被每一種權利阻攔著:丈夫使喚妻子、家長藉由實力命令未成年子女、物主排除所有其他人享受屬於他的水果。以上所要表達的是:權利的不平等地位有順序關係。若認為權利已經或可以平均分配,那只是個錯誤和錯覺。權利只出現於國家存在時的關係,彰顯並權衡不平等。

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  • 6 years ago
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    The one party commands; theother labors and accommodates itself to superior force一方指揮,另一方執行並調整自己服從來自上級的權威 so nature helps to make the situation peaceful and lasting所以自然法則有助於使局勢和平與長遠穩定But peace and permanenceare the elements of order, out of which come habit, custom, rights.但和平與恆久不變是秩序的要素,習慣、風俗、權利也才能由此而生 Inequality of power is essential, forcontestants of equal strength wouldwear themselves out in mutual conflictor,more naturally, would unite andsubject a weaker.權力的不相等絕對是必然的,對相同實力的競爭者來說,當彼此間存在衝突時將會互相鬥爭,自然而然地,將形成合作的集團並區分出弱者They arise only in therelations which exist in the state; they express them and measure their inequality.權力的平衡只會在一種情況下存在;也就是人們必須表達並評估權力的不平等 我的英文翻譯

    2014-05-29 21:43:02 補充:

    補充一下老翻哥的提醒:

    權力的平衡只會在國家存在的狀況下才有可能實踐;因為國家會指出並評估這種權力不平等的狀況

  • 6 years ago

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  • Anonymous
    6 years ago

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  • 6 years ago

    謝謝你的意見!

    對我很有幫助!

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  • 6 years ago

    They arise only in the relations which exist in the state; they express them and measure their inequality.改寫一下可能比較清楚-->They arise only in the relations which exist in the state; rights express relations and measure realigns' inequality.

    又,"state"的意思請參閱版主另篇貼文..

    2014-05-29 20:59:51 補充:

    ...measure relations' inequality. (奇怪的電腦,字自己會跑掉)

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