請問為什麼became可以接冠詞名詞?

我有搜尋 become into 關鍵字

結果查到"Why I became a teacher"

可是我在字典查become是不及物動詞,那為什麼後面卻可以直接加冠詞跟名詞,

不是說不能加受詞嗎?

不是要接"介係詞"才和文法嗎?

這是我一直想要問的問題,

因為become是"不及物動詞"不是嗎?

可是他當"及物動詞"的時候是指"適合"的意思

那為何"become"(不及物動詞)又可以直接加冠詞跟名詞呢?

後面不是說不加東西,要接介係詞才和文法,如今我又看不懂他寫的是

(及物動詞)還是(不及物動詞)這個讓我有點想不通,這是為什麼?

7 Answers

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  • 羅莉
    Lv 7
    6 years ago
    Favorite Answer

    Why I became a teacher

    這不是句子, 而是一個名詞子句, 作為標題用.

    完整的句子是:

    Why did I become a teacher?

    a teacher在本句不是受詞, 而是主詞補語(SC).

    become是不完全不及物動詞, 又稱連綴動詞, 後面接主詞補語.

    主詞補語可以是形容詞、名詞或表地點的副詞(here/there/upstairs/

    downstairs/inside/outside...等)

    就是這麼單純.

    2014-05-23 09:02:31 補充:

    >"becoming a teacher" is her only way out.

    這個becoming同樣是不及物用法.

    = Being a teacher" is her only way out.

    如照妳的邏輯, Being也是及物用法囉?

    become確有及物動詞用法, 但意思不同, 字典一查便知.

    2014-05-23 09:10:36 補充:

    意見區有人說下例的becoming是及物:

    >"becoming a teacher" is her only way out.

    事實上, 這個becoming同樣是不及物用法.

    = Being a teacher" is her only way out.

    BeV永遠不會是及物動詞.

    become確有及物動詞用法, 但意思不同, 字典一查便知.

    2014-05-24 09:51:49 補充:

    being a teacher : being相當於等號;

    becoming a teacher : becoming類似於等號.

    killing a snail : killing是有對象或目標的動作, 只有一隻網蟑會把它混為一談, 只餵了噴口水.

    2014-05-24 10:51:02 補充:

    一般的英語母語人士, 不需要靠文法來學英語, 除非他們想寫通順優美的文章; 也就是說, 他們的文法普遍都不精, 所以才會鬧出把"become a teacher"中的become當成及物動詞看的笑話, 還拼命爭辯呢!

    2014-05-28 15:57:40 補充:

    口出惡言, 足見妳的心虛與理屈.

    我的論點是正確的, 妳沒有反駁到任何一點.

    2014-05-30 09:16:40 補充:

    become意思為「變成」時, 永遠是連綴動詞, 亦即不完全不及物動詞.

    妳這個學藝不精的半調子美國人, 估計是不會也不肯懂的, 妳說得越多就躍出糗.

    become作為及物動詞用的意思是「適合; 與...相稱」, 例如:

    The dress becomes you. 這衣服適合妳..

    2014-05-30 15:59:07 補充:

    我剛說過了, 半調子美國人, 估計是不會也不肯懂的, 妳說得越多就越出糗.

    妳的意見001早就被我的意見003駁斥過了.

    Becoming a teacher is her ouly way out.

    = That she becomes a teacher is her only way out.

    根本就是不及物用法.

    妳說是及物用法, 那麼妳寫個被動句來看看啊,

    妳該不會認為是"A teacher is become by her"吧?

    別讓大家笑掉大牙了, ok?

    2014-05-30 16:12:08 補充:

    什麼照本宣科的老頑固? 妳在說妳自己嗎?

    引用字典注釋或例句, 是妳我常做的事

    也是一種負責任的回答作法, 只許妳自己做, 別人這樣做就是老頑固?

    妳一廂情願自以為是的錯誤觀念, 竟拿來反駁字典? 妳誰呀?.

    2014-05-31 09:58:48 補充:

    沒風度的黃毛丫頭, 我沒時間跟妳嚼舌頭, 太累了.

    2014-05-31 10:03:09 補充:

    becoming a teacher與being a teacher意思上當然略有不同

    但我們不是討論意思, 是檢視詞性, 當然可以類比.

    Source(s): 羅莉 - 英文文法
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  • 6 years ago

    因為我查"無敵CD-876"電子辭典查到的。

    Vi,

    ①變成,成為;變得,開始變得[L]

    Vt.

    ①適合;同……相稱

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  • 阿霹
    Lv 7
    6 years ago

    "killing a snail" a sail是受詞

    "becoming a teacher" a teacher是補語

    "being a teacher"與"becoming a teacher"意思有差 大家也都知道

    冷靜一下......

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  • 6 years ago

    這是一個好問題!!!

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  • 6 years ago

    拜託! 字典上怎麼說是一回事,在日常中"become"早就被當成及物動了.

    例:

    "becoming a teacher" is her only way out.

    She is the first in her family becoming a doctor.

    become"早就被當成及物動了

    = to be suitable for

    = to change into

    2014-05-23 13:27:45 補充:

    > 如照妳的邏輯, Being也是及物用法囉?

    那是妳的邏輯,不是我的

    如照妳的邏輯 "killing a snail" kill 也是不及物囉?

    "being a teacher"與"becoming a teacher"意思差多了.

    連這個都不知道,有神好討論的?

    2014-05-28 07:08:18 補充:

    "being a teacher"與"becoming a teacher"意思差多了.

    連這個都不知道,有神好討論的?

    我早就說明了這是"字典"與"日常"使用的差別...

    字典上怎麼說是一回事,在日常中"become"早就被當成及物動了.

    become"早就被當成及物動了

    = to be suitable for

    = to change into

    2014-05-28 07:26:10 補充:

    > being a teacher : being相當於等號;

    > becoming a teacher : becoming類似於等號.

    少來少來,少來用花與打迷糊仗."類似""幾乎""可能"都是胡說八道...

    "becoming a teacher"

    = "changing (her profession) into a teacher"

    就是明顯的語意.這沒什好爭辯的.拿書裡的死文法,來勉強曲解文意,就是死老頭@!老骨董!!!

    2014-05-29 14:18:20 補充:

    > 我的論點是正確的, 妳沒有反駁到任何一點.

    "becoming a teacher"

    = "changing (her profession) into a teacher"

    就是明顯的語意.這沒什好爭辯的.拿書裡的死文法,來勉強曲解文意,就是死老頭@!老骨董!!!死蟑螂!!!

    2014-05-30 11:59:50 補充:

    > become意思為「變成」時, 永遠是連綴動詞, 亦即不完全不及物動詞.

    說了老半天,還是只會照字典上說的依樣照本宣科!

    我在001上早就說明清楚了...

    在日常使用上

    become 早就被用成 = (vt) to change into, to be suitable for

    還是不要再做一個只會照本宣科的老頑固吧!

    2014-05-31 00:43:04 補充:

    又在不倫不類引喻失義了

    好!那你說"the dress becomes you"裡面的become是及物動

    那你把它變成被動給我看呀!

    妳該不會認為是You are become by the dress?

    別讓大家笑掉大牙了, ok?

    2014-05-31 00:55:52 補充:

    > 妳一廂情願自以為是的錯誤觀念, 竟拿來反駁字典? 妳誰呀?.

    我哪裡說字典有錯了? 我在001所說的是"日常口語習慣"用法.

    老頑固,老石頭! 你看著吧!字典早晚會把通俗用法加進去的...

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  • 6 years ago

    同學,這裏跟及物/不及物動詞 完全無關

    這個範疇是 連綴動詞 linking verbs

    有些動詞,事關主詞/受詞的狀態,譬如變成,長成,維持,後面直接使用補語,名詞或形容詞都可以。

    Mary aspires to become a teacher. Mary 立志要_成為_老師。

    連綴動詞的特性,可以把動詞換作 be 動詞,意思差不多。

    上句 Mary aspires to be a teacher. 意思差不多。

    類似:She remained a virgin when she died. 她至死仍為處女。

    常常也有形容詞補語

    The insect turned invisible among the leaves. 這昆蟲在葉子之間變得看不見了。

    invisible 形容詞 當補語,修飾 insect. 和 turn 及不及物 無關

    這類連綴動詞,有一覽表:

    This is a list of common linking verbs:

    appear

    be

    become

    feel

    get

    grow

    look

    prove

    remain

    seem

    smell

    stay

    sound

    taste

    turn

    2014-05-23 16:03:26 補充:

    I have side with 羅莉 and 阿霹 on this one. Linking verbs, my friend, linking verbs.

    2014-05-23 16:12:09 補充:

    "have to side with"

    2014-05-23 22:53:42 補充:

    Strillian:

    你查到的及物/不及物 用法沒有錯

    但不適合用在 became a teacher 這裏

    因為 became 在此是 連綴動詞;判斷方式是把 became 換成 was 結果意思相近就是連綴動詞

    參考我答案最後列出的連綴動詞,它們的使用就完全脫離主動被動了,而是類似 BE 動詞

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  • 6 years ago

    受詞是接受這個動作的受體,是"受動作影響的對象"

    而"變成"這個字本身應該就沒有受體

    後面接的稱作主詞補語(用以補充說明句子的主詞)才對喔

    像be動詞也是不及物動詞, 但他也可以構成像這樣的句子呀

    I am a student.

    希望有幫到你 ^_^

    Source(s): 我是外文系學生
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