show asked in 社會與文化語言 · 6 years ago

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E ialist revolution has become yoked to the industrial revolution.

is fact of ‘socialism in conditions of backwardness' is important for

nderstanding the nature and development of welfare in these

Esocieties. Third. our discussion is focused on one socialist country.

mamely the U.S.S.R. True, some of the East European countries are

‘industrially more advanced than the Soviet Union and provide a better

example of welfare in advanced socialist society. But these countries.

e.g. East Germany and Czechoslovakia, have gone through a long

pg:-iod of capitalist development. Their social services have a long

history stretching back into the pre-socialist period. and three decades

of socialism have not necessarily transformed the legacy of the past.

Moreover. data on these countries are not as accessible as those on

the U.S.S.R. Looking further afield, China and Cuba are certainly

relevant as examples of non-soviet type of socialist development. But

these countries are less developed industrially and their experience of

socialist government is comparatively short. For these reasons we

take the U.S.S.R. as the ‘case study‘ of socialist welfare. Clearly we

cannot generalise about socialist society from a single case. But in so

far as we can speak of ‘socialist’ society as a type of social structure.

the case of the U.S.S.R. is relevant for understanding the nature of

welfare in socialist society. Finally, we must point out that as far as

socialist countries are concerned. neither factual evidence nor dis»

cussions concerning welfare are plentiful. This means that many of

our interpretations and generalisations have to be seen as tentative

11 Answers

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  • 6 years ago
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    Ë ialist革命已經成為負一軛的工業革命。

    是事實的“社會主義在落後的條件下”是重要的

    nderstanding福利的這些性質和發展

    Esocieties 。第三。我們的討論集中在一個社會主義國家。

    mamely蘇聯誠然,一些東歐國家都

    “工業超過蘇聯先進,並提供更好的

    例如,在先進的社會主義社會福利。但這些國家。

    例如東德和捷克斯洛伐克,已經經過了很長

    PG : - IOD資本主義發展。他們的社會服務有很長的

    歷史可以追溯到到預社會主義時期。和三十年

    社會主義不一定改變了過去遺留下來的。

    此外。對這些國家的數據並不像那些在相同的可訪問

    蘇聯展望更遠的地方,中國和古巴是肯定

    有關非蘇聯式社會主義發展的例子。但

    這些國家欠發達工業及其經驗

    社會主義政府是比較短的。由於這些原因,我們

    把蘇聯作為社會主義福利的“案例研究” 。顯然,我們

    不能一概而論從一個單一的情況下,社會主義社會。不過,這樣

    據我們可以說“社會主義”社會作為一種社會結構。

    蘇聯的情況是有關理解的性質

    福利社會主義社會。最後,我們必須指出的是,據

    社會主義國家的關注。既沒有事實證據,也不顯示»

    關於福利cussions很豐富。這意味著許多

    我們的解釋和概括必須被看作是試探性的

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  • Anonymous
    6 years ago

    到下面的網址看看吧

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  • 6 years ago

    到下面的網址看看吧

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  • Anonymous
    6 years ago

    到下面的網址看看吧

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  • 6 years ago

    到下面的網址看看吧

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  • Anonymous
    6 years ago

    參考下面的網址看看

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  • 6 years ago

    參考下面的網址看看

    http://phi008780520.pixnet.net/blog

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  • 6 years ago

    參考下面的網址看看

    http://phi008780520.pixnet.net/blog

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  • Anonymous
    6 years ago

    參考下面的網址看看

    http://phi008780520.pixnet.net/blog

    • Commenter avatarLogin to reply the answers
  • 6 years ago

    原本想試試 但有專業用語而且似乎有缺字

    大學生可以努力點自己去翻嗎== 一個字一個字翻 不通的語句 在放上來

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