請幫我翻譯這一段英文

We conclude this chapter by proposing a richer, more useful, but longer term

alternative to “what works.” We propose the coherent and systematic construction

of a knowledge base that documents robust links between teaching and learning

and provides insightsinto the mechanisms that are responsible for such links.

Researchers will need to participate in efforts to generate knowledge about

teaching-learning relationships that have direct relevance for classroom

teachers and to regularly review available evidence to provide recommendations accompanied with estimates of confi dence. We expect that these efforts will

follow a range of different models for researcherteacher collaboration (Hiebert et al., 2002; Ruthven, 2002) but will be characterized by the principles outlined in this chapter. Effective teaching will be studied in relation to clearly specifi ed and measured learning outcomes so that conclusions will be phrased, not just as

“effective teaching” but as “effective teaching under conditions [X] for learning [Y].” Hypotheses and theories will guide all aspects of the research process so

that conjectures can be offered about why and how the targeted teaching

features or systems facilitated (or did not facilitate) students’ learning. The

conditions under which features were effective will be detailed so that users can interpret the conclusions in light of their own local situations. Tests of hypotheses

about teaching-learning relationships will be replicated in a variety of contexts to study the infl uence of contextual factors so that conclusions can be drawn with

increasing specifi city and confi dence. Reviews will look for patterns of

consistent fi ndings from studies using different research methods to increase the confidence with which conclusions can be offered.

4 Answers

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  • Anonymous
    6 years ago
    Favorite Answer

    你好,我是在加拿大長大的台灣裔,大學第三年了

    這篇寫得太冗長了...長話短說這篇意思是

    我們的結論是作者認為不應該只是看什麼教學方法立即有效, 而是應看研究累積的資料顯示長期有效的教學方法, 並且調查那些因素會造成這些教學策略有效.

    科學家應當時常教為人做老師的人那些研究發現對教室裡有能直接應用, 並時常update自己閱讀新的發現, 然後給所有老師推薦自己有信心的教學發現

    research(研究)裡面需要包含hypothesis(我不曉得這中文叫什麼), 然後不能只說有效, 要能測量或是給點或分數來解釋怎麼得到結論的, 還必須解釋為什麼有些教學方法不是很有效

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  • Anonymous
    6 years ago

    參考下面的網址看看

    http://phi008780508.pixnet.net/blog

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  • Anonymous
    6 years ago

    參考下面的網址看看

    http://phi008780430.pixnet.net/blog

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  • 6 years ago

    Hypothesis在這稱為假說

    根據已知的科學事實和科學原理,對所研究的自然現象及其規律性提出的推測和說明,而且數據經過詳細的分類、歸納與分析,得到一個暫時性但是可以被接受的解釋。任何一種科學理論在未得到實驗確證之前表現為假設學說或假說

    其他的That One Little Box翻譯的很好了XD

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