Anonymous
Anonymous asked in 社會與文化語言 · 6 years ago

求英文翻譯2=)急需!!感恩(語句要通順唷!)

Another significant contributor to the particular toxicity of sexual trauma occurring in military contexts is that survivors are often relatively young at the time of their experiences This creates complexities for several reasons. First sexual harassment and assault are interpersonal traumas—perpetrate by another human

being, often by a close friend or intimate partner—that involve a profound violation of boundaries and personal integrity. Particularly for individuals that are young, these types of experiences send confusing messages about what is acceptable

and expected behavior from a trusted other, what rights and needs people have relationships, and what is “theirs” versus publicly accessible. confusion about boundaries may be further exacerbated by the military context where individual needs are often secondary to those of the larger unit.

As such, sexual trauma often has significant implications for survivors’subsequent relationships and understanding of themselves, and thus their functioning on a daily basis. Second, many survivors (regardless of age) find their prior ways of managing distress inadequate when faced with the intense emotions and other reactions associated with experiencing trauma. This is particularly likely to be true for survivors who are young adults in their late teens or early 20s, or those who are survivors of childhood experiences of abuse or other trauma, as they often do not have a fully developed repertoire of coping strategies. Without effective strategies for maintaining internal homeostasis, these individuals are especially vulnerable to developing mental health and other subsequent difficulties. They may also find themselves drawing on less developmentally advanced coping strategies such as dissociation, behavioral acting out, cutting or other forms of self-harm,which can themselves further impair functioning and health.

1 Answer

Rating
  • 6 years ago
    Favorite Answer

    另一個重大貢獻者到發生在軍事背景的性創傷特殊毒力是這創造複雜為幾個原因倖存者往往比較年輕的他們經歷的時候這幾個原因造成的複雜性。第一性騷擾和攻擊是人際的由另一人的生存精神創傷犯罪,通常由一個親密的朋友或夥伴介入深刻侵害界限和個人誠信。 特別為是年輕的個體,這些類型經驗的傳送纏繞不清的信息關於什麼是從被信任可接受可以接受混亂的信息,什麼權利和需要人把關係,並且什麼預期的行為是“他們”與公開訪問。 關於混亂的邊界可能被軍方背景下的個性化需求往往繼發於那些較大的單位進一步加劇。

    因此,性創傷往往具有survivors'subsequent關係本身的理解和顯著的影響,隨後關係和瞭解他們自己和因而他們每天起作用。其次,許多倖存者(不管年齡)尋找處理困厄他們預先的道路不充分,當面對強烈的情感和其他反應與體驗精神創傷交往時。 這是特別是惡習或其他精神創傷的童年經驗倖存者的可能是真實的對是年輕成人在他們十幾歲或二十出頭的倖存者,或者虐待或其他創傷的童年經歷的倖存者,,因為他們往往沒有充分發展的應對策略。如果沒有有效的戰略,保持內部平衡,這些人特別容易患上心理健康和其他後續困難。 他們也可能會發現自己圖畫上較少發育提前應對策略,例如離解,行為表演出來,切割或其他形式的自我傷害,它可以自己進一步損害運作和健康。

    • Login to reply the answers
Still have questions? Get your answers by asking now.