En asked in 社會與文化語言 · 6 years ago

subject這個詞的問題

subject做形容詞跟動詞的意思是什麼??

be subject to

跟be subjected to

差別又在哪裡

[受患...]

The boy is subject to habitual headache.

The boy is subjected to habitual headache.

這兩句哪句是對的??

[受制...]

We should be subject to law.

We should be subjected to law.

這兩句又哪句是對的??

1 Answer

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  • 6 years ago
    Favorite Answer

    The "subject" in "is subject to" is an adjective, it means "likely or prone to be affected by" (易受……的).

    Hence

    "The boy is subject to habitual headache" is the correct one.

    The "subject" in "is subjected to" is a verb in a passive voice (被動語態), it means "be forced to undergo" (受制...).

    Hence

    "We should be subjected to law" is the correct one.

    2014-04-12 22:25:55 補充:

    For you NOT to get confused, you shall pay attention to the function of "subject" after "be-verb". If it functions as a verb, being placed after be-verb, it needs to conjugate (動詞的詞形變化). If not, it will function as an adjective.

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