橘子 asked in 社會與文化語言 · 6 years ago

妊娠糖尿病文獻翻譯(2)

請各位翻譯此篇的朋友們,請不要直接google或複製貼上整篇翻譯

謝謝幫忙了!!!!!!!!!

GDM as well (10–12). The aMED score was adapted for the US

population from a previously published pattern by Trichopoulou

et al (13, 14), based on the traditional Mediterranean diet. The

DASH score was developed by Fung et al (15) to measure adherence

to the DASH diet, a dietary pattern originally put forth by

Sacks et al (16) for the reduction of blood pressure. McCullough

et al derived the aHEI score (17) from the USDA Food Guide

Pyramid (18) and the 1995 Dietary Guidelines for Americans (19).

Associations of these dietary patterns with GDM risk, however,

have not been investigated. The aimof this analysis was therefore to

determine whether usual prepregnancy adherence to dietary patterns,

including aMED, DASH, and aHEI, is associated with the

risk of GDM.

Our research question was examined in the Nurses’ Health

Study II (NHS II) longitudinal cohort. This ongoing observational

prospective cohort was established in 1989, enrolling 116,671

female nurses aged 24–44 y at baseline. Questionnaires are

distributed biennially to update lifestyle characteristics and healthrelated

outcomes. The 1989 baseline questionnaire captured information

regarding medical, diagnostic, and prescription history;

date of birth; occupational status; gravidity; height and weight;

and a range of other characteristics. Time-varying characteristics

are updated every 2 y. Beginning in 1991 and every 4 y thereafter,

participants are asked to complete a semiquantitative foodfrequency

questionnaire (FFQ) in addition to the main questionnaire. The FFQ is designed to measure average intake over the

past year and has been extensively validated. Questions

for various food items ask participants to report their frequency of

consumption of a standard portion size, ranging from “never” to “6

or more times/d.”

1 Answer

Rating
  • 6 years ago
    Best Answer

    我從朋友那蒐集到的資料一型糖尿和二型糖尿已經在國外發表,有藥可修復胰島細胞改善併發症,給大家參考:

    越來越多人罹患糖尿病,也越來越多糖尿病人不想乖乖吃藥或打針,寧可少吃澱粉少吃高升糖指數的食物食品嚴格控制血糖值也不要服藥,這是為什麼呢?

    答案是降血糖藥只能抑制血糖值不上升,抑制久了會失效(抗性),除非醫師不斷加重劑量,藥就是毒大家都曉得,想想看,如果治不好的藥長期服用,甚至一輩子使用,人體的肝臟、腎臟受得了嗎?!如果藥物只是短暫抑制,沒辦法提供有效的治療改善併發症,那麼病人就會選擇更安全有效的方式控制血糖值與糖化血色素了。醫師永遠不會懂病人心情,又或者不想懂,不願設身處地思考問題所在,總想著反正病人有回診拿藥就好(有拿藥有動刀院方就有營收),國內多數醫師都是很主觀的,所以醫病關係非常差,國內醫師總是對病人叮嚀吃西藥就好,不要選擇其它第二類或第三類療法,甚至語帶點恐嚇說不接受西藥治療很容易惡化洗腎,但是卻沒有一位醫生敢承諾吃降糖藥或按時注射胰島素就不會洗腎,國內洗腎中心因糖尿病惡化洗腎的最少占六成,部分是長期吃西藥造成腎機能衰竭,而一部分是飲食作息造成,當然還有一部分是電台賣膏藥或是添加西藥的偏方造成的。

    糖尿病併發症非常多,如您現在的口渴問題,三多(吃喝尿),極度疲倦,肌肉酸痛發麻,頻尿,小便惡臭綿密泡泡多(尿蛋素),男性性功能障礙,體型體重的改變等等,糖尿病患千萬不要常吃紅肉,要吃肉可以選擇魚肉比較好,平常三餐多吃蔬菜,尤其深紫色綠色蔬菜可以多吃,澱粉白飯麵盡量不要吃,改吃糙米飯,很多有機店都會推銷糖尿病患可以買五穀粉來泡,說很養生糖尿病可以喝,如果喝了肯定飆高,因為五穀粉沖泡飲品在生產時一定要添加澱粉元素。

    血糖要穩定法則:

    1.每天運動最少60~90分鐘

    2.每日水分的補充控制在1200CC左右就好,肝腎機能不良不宜多喝

    3.餐餐少量澱粉多蔬菜,糙米飯每餐最多吃半碗就好,水果只能吃蘋果、芭樂,一天一種吃一小片就好,多會升糖

    總之,粗茶淡飯為原則,盡量不要外食,少油少鹽,烹煮過程不要添加任何調味料,比如什麼X大師或雞湯塊之類的。

    糖尿病患不宜多吃紅肉原因是因為自體免疫比較低下,過量或常吃會提高腫瘤增生的機率,雖然醫學界目前沒有科學證實,但是臨床統計上確實有此趨勢發生。

    以上這些希望對糖尿病人有幫助,也請相信嚴格的改變過去惡習調整飲食作息,血糖值一樣可以穩定的,比起西藥至少沒有藥毒的傷害,不過對於血糖值極度不穩者並不適用,還是要等稍穩定了才能選擇食物療法。

    這裡也有一篇國際醫學期刊對糖尿病研究的發表,找到修復胰島細胞的解藥不在化學藥物裡,而是在天然的藥用植物之中,可以連結這個網只參考http://goods.ruten.com.tw/item/show?21401162476947...

Still have questions? Get your answers by asking now.