橘子 asked in 社會與文化語言 · 6 years ago

妊娠糖尿病文獻翻譯

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Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM)4 affects w7% of all US

pregnancies, making it one of the most common pregnancy complications. Its prevalence is increasing as obesity among women

of reproductive age escalates. GDM is associated with

a significantly elevated risk of short-term and long-term complications

for both mothers and offspring. Research on earlypregnancy

diet and GDM prevention is limited, with little evidence

to assess its role in GDM etiology. In a recent meta-analysis of

randomized trials of the effect of GDM treatment for the prevention

of its subsequent morbidity, various interventions for blood

glucose control, including diet, glucose monitoring, insulin use, and

pharmaceuticals, did not significantly reduce the risk of some adverse

perinatal and neonatal endpoints, including cesarean delivery and perinatal or neonatal death. Collectively, these data indicate

that identifying modifiable factors for the prevention of

GDM could be crucial for avoiding its associated adverse health

outcomes.

Major risk factors for GDM include older age in pregnancy,

a family history of diabetes, and race or ethnicity. Modifiable

factors include excess adiposity, physical activity, and diet.

Dietary components associated with GDM risk include macronutrients,

micronutrients, and individual foods, such as refined

carbohydrates, saturated and trans fats, heme iron, and processed

meats. Whereas studying individual nutrients may lead to the

understanding of important biological mechanisms, assessment of

dietary patterns offers a comprehensive and complimentary approach

and may be more applicable to clinical and public health

interventions. Analyses of overall food patterns also account for

any interactions or synergistic effects among individual foods or

nutrients. If dietary patterns beneficially affect GDM risk, it would

be important to disseminate such information to women of reproductive

age.

2 Answers

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  • 6 years ago
    Favorite Answer

    妊娠期糖尿病(GDM )影響到所有美國的47 %的懷孕婦女,成為最常見的妊娠並發症之一。

    隨著婦女肥胖率以及生育年齡的增加,其發病率也隨之增加。

    妊娠期糖尿病短期與長期的併發症對於母親以及後代有顯著的影響。

    研究指出,早期懷孕飲食與妊娠期糖尿病預防是有限的,因為很少有證據顯示妊娠期糖尿病的病因為何。

    在最近一期的妊娠期糖尿病的治療預防效果的隨機試驗分析指出,其隨後的發病率,含控制血糖,飲食控制,血糖監測,胰島素使用,和藥品使用,對於新生兒的出生與死亡等不良風險並沒有顯著的下降。

    總體來說,這些數據包含為預防妊娠糖尿病可能的修改因素,將避免其重要相關的不良健康結果。

    主要妊娠糖尿病的風險因素為妊娠年齡較大, 糖尿病,種族或民族的家族史。

    可改善的因素包括過度肥胖,體力活動和飲食。妊娠糖尿病風險有關膳食成分包括大量營養素,微量營養素,以及個人的食物,如精製碳水化合物,飽和和反式脂肪,血紅素鐵和加工肉類。

    鑑於個別營養素的研究,將可能會導致重要的生物學機制的理解,而飲食模式評估提供了一個全面的和免費的方式,可能更易於應用於臨床和公共衛生的介入。

    分析食品的總體型態,說明了個別食物或營養素之間的任何相互作用或協同效應。

    如果膳食模式將影響妊娠期糖尿病的風險,婦女的生育年齡將會為重要的傳遞訊息。

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  • 6 years ago

    糖尿病在醫學治療上就是控制 控制 再控制 .... 用化學得藥品一直控制到控制不住時,最後只能洗腎.西醫尚未研究出有效治療胰臟細胞的藥物,胰島貝它細胞在胰臟裡是負責分泌胰島素的,要有它我們人的葡萄糖濃度才能平衡.雖然醫生會提供病人針筒和胰島素藥品給病人注射,臨床上長期注射成效並不好,原因就出在,胰島素藥品不是人體生產的,是從動物身上提煉的,被人體排斥的結果就是不會有實質療效,糖尿病併發症還是持續惡化 ...除非病人自己非常忌口,作息正常少用藥,惡化才不會那麼快.其實國內已經有中醫藥界研發成功治療胰島細胞和改善併發症的中藥了,剛上市就口碑非常好,有興趣可以搜尋鯽魚複方製劑找找 ..

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