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Anonymous asked in Arts & HumanitiesHistory · 6 years ago

how did the louisiana purchase change size of the country and how did it change the history?

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  • 6 years ago
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    Via the Louisiana Purchase the United States acquired more than 529,911,680 acres (2,144,476 km2) of territory from France in 1803 for $15 million (which, if adjusted for inflation, would equal approximately $184 million in 2003).

    The French territory of Louisiana included far more land than just the current U.S. State of Louisiana; the lands purchased contained parts or all of present-day Arkansas, Missouri, Iowa, Minnesota west of the Mississippi River, North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, New Mexico, Oklahoma, nearly all of Kansas, the portions of Montana, Wyoming, and Colorado east of the Rocky Mountains, the portions of southern Manitoba, southern Saskatchewan and southern Alberta that drain into the Missouri River, and Louisiana on both sides of the Mississippi River including the city of New Orleans. The land included in the Purchase comprises 23.3 percent of current total U.S. land.

    The Louisiana Purchase led to a dispute between the United States and Spain over the boundaries of the area the United States had bought. According to the Spanish, Louisiana consisted roughly of the western half of what is now the states of Louisiana, Arkansas and Missouri. The United States on the other hand claimed that it stretched all the way to the Rio Grande and the Rocky Mountains, a claim unacceptable for Spain, as it would mean all of Texas and half of New Mexico, both Spanish colonies, would fall under it. There was also disagreement about the ownership of West Florida, a strip of land between the Mississippi and Perdido Rivers (now the panhandles of Alabama and Mississippi). The United States claimed it was part of the purchase; Spain said that it was not, and east of the Mississippi only the city of New Orleans was part of the Louisiana purchase. Spain also held that the purchase was illegal; because the treaty handing Louisiana to the French had stipulated the French were not allowed to hand it over to a third power, and because Napoleon had not adhered to his part of the treaty (giving a kingdom in Italy to the brother-in-law of king Carlos IV).

    The matter was not fully settled until the Adams-Onís Treaty in 1819, in which Spain ceded all of Florida to the U.S. and the boundary between the Louisiana territory and the Spanish colonies was set along the Sabine, Red and Arkansas Rivers and the 42nd parallel.

    The boundaries of "Louisiana" were not defined, and the land itself generally unknown, which led to the Lewis and Clark expedition. In particular France refused to specify the southern and western boundaries, not wanting to step on Spain's toes.

    The estimates of what lay where were based on the explorations of Robert LaSalle.

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  • 6 years ago

    The Louisiana Purchase nearly doubled the size of the United States. It added a lot of new territory, people, and resources to the country. The port of New Orleans and the Mississippi River were two economical treasures during the 1800s. "Manifest Destiny" was the U.S.'s goal to gain territory all the way to the Pacific Ocean, so gaining this much land in one period of time was huge.

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