Plural and singular Spanish phrases?
Thank you so much, I got stuck on this assignment.
1. Plural of "Un libro *****"
2. Plural of "Es un lápiz azul."
3. Singular of "Los relojes son de madera"
4. Plural of "Una playa bonita."
5. Plural of "Un apartamento barato."
6. Singular of "Las ciudades grandes."
Quickest and most correct answer gets 10 points :)
The first one is the Spanish word for "black" but apparently it's not appropriate.
To "bluebellbkk": We don't have grammar books or dictionaries, we aren't permitted to use those resources. I asked for help because I've retried this assignment about four times and haven't passed each time. I'm only studying spanish for two years, not four. And how can I learn it right now if I haven't learned it and can't figure it out? Surely you not helping me will only set me back.
- VioletaLv 76 years agoFavorite Answer
Here are your singular and plural forms:
1. Plural of "Un libro ne.gro" → "Unos libros ne.gros"
2. Plural of "Es un lápiz azul" → "Son unos lápices azules"
3. Singular of "Los relojes son de madera" → "El reloj es de madera"
... (the prepositional phrase 'de madera' doesn't change)
4. Plural of "Una playa bonita" → "Unas playas bonitas"
5. Plural of "Un apartamento barato" → "Unos apartamentos baratos"
6. Singular of "Las ciudades grandes" → "La ciudad grande"
Changes in the nouns and adjectives:
To put it in a nutshell, this is the basic rule you need to remember to form the plurals of nouns (and adjectives): if the noun ends in an unstressed vowel, it forms its plural by adding an '-s'. If it ends in a consonant, the plural is formed by adding '-ed'. There are some exceptions, though. (You can explore the links in detail if you want)
Changes in the articles:
In English, you use the articles 'the' and 'a'/'an' without caring whether a singular or plural noun comes after it. However, with Spanish articles, you point out whether you're referring to one or several things by making the article plural, too.
In Spanish there are four different ways to say 'the' (definite article):• el (ehl) (masculine singular) → el camino (the road)
• los (lohs) (masculine plural) → los caminos (the roads)
• la (lah) (feminine singular) → la mariposa (the butterfly)
• las (lahs) (feminine plural) → las mariposas (the butterflies)
And there are four ways to say 'a' or 'an' (indefinite article):
• un (oon) (masculine singular) → un árbol (a tree)
• unos (oo-nohs) (masculine plural) → unos árboles (some trees)
• una (oo-nah) (feminine singular) → una manzana (an apple)
• unas (oo-nahs) (masculine plural) → unas manzanas (some apples)
When you make a singular noun plural, not only do you have to change the noun itself, but you have to change the article as well.
Changes in the verb:
The verb 'to be' changes, too, to agree with the subject:
• 3rd p. sg. → es (is) → El niño es travieso. (The boy is naughty.)
• 3rd p. pl. → son (are) → Los niños son traviesos. (The boys are naughty.)
• 3rd p. sg. → está (is) → La luz está encendida. (The light is on.)
• 3rd p. pl. → están (are) → Las luces están encendidas. (The lights are on.)
[Please notice that the final consonant 'z' changes to 'c' in the plural form.]
If you visit theses sites, you'll find the rules for the formation of plural nouns and adjectives. Choose the one you like the most and try to practise a little bit. I'm sure you'll soon master this topic. Don't panic. It's not THAT hard. (Now I'm wondering... You ARE allowed to use these resources at home, aren't you?)
http://www.studyspanish.com/lessons/plnoun.htm [Plural Forms of Nouns]
http://www.studyspanish.com/lessons/defart1.htm [Definite and Indefinite Articles: Part I]
http://www.studyspanish.com/lessons/adj1.htm [Spanish Adjectives: Part I]
http://www.studyspanish.com/lessons/adj2.htm [Adjectives: Part II]
http://spanish.about.com/cs/writing/a/writing_plur... [Spanish Pluralization Rules]
http://spanish.about.com/od/nouns/a/making_plurals... [Making Nouns and Adjectives Plural]
http://www.e-spanyol.hu/en/grammar/plurals.php [The plural of Spanish nouns]
http://www.dummies.com/how-to/content/making-spani... [Making Spanish Nouns Plural]
Besos, guapa. ✿
- 4 years ago
Anybody preparing on traveling to a Spanish-speaking nation sometime in the up coming months or so have to make a course so that can make a dissent conversation in Spanish or just to understand when men and women talk to them because by the time your trip rolls all around you need to be conversationally fluent or fairly shut to it with the aid
- RELv 76 years ago
Sorry, but if you are not allowed to use grammar books or dictionaries, you cannot learn Spanish. Are you by any chance being home-schooled??
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- 4 years ago
Un dia bueno. A good day. Or Un bueno dia A good day I think