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Louis XVI (Louis XVI, 1754年8月23日21 January 1793 ) was King of France Bourbon reign in 1774 -1792 years . He is the grandson of Louis XV . Father of French dauphin Louis - Ferdinand , the mother of Mary Josephine of Saxony , wife of the Austrian Archduke , Holy Roman Emperor Franz I, the daughter of Marie Antoinette .
Louis XVI had a good rule of benevolence and goodness , but the character indecisive , ascended the throne after replacing the prime minister and several ministers, the Cabinet allowed infighting , from radical reform to the conservative austerity measures , the policy does not necessarily coherent , but the overall is toward enlightened despotism . After the 1780s the French into financial crisis , more often kill time by hunting and other activities .
Louis XVI participated in the 1775-1783 years since the American War of Independence , owed hundreds of millions of livres ten bonds , making bonds soared to 2.5 billion livres in 1787 , faced with the dilemma of insolvency interest . May 1789 , three meetings held at the Prime Minister Jacques Necker , who 's urging, in order to solve the looming debt crisis. People held three meetings a positive view of the king , calling him "the good King Louis " ( or translated " wise king Louis " ) . When the meeting , three grades dramatic dispute , third grade raised constitutional requirements, but Louis hesitant attitude , coupled with natural disasters in 1788 a large cold while opening up and economic collapse caused by the British manufactured goods , leading to the same year on July 14 day of the French Revolution broke out. Louis was forced to sign the " Declaration of Human Rights " , forced to move after the October Paris ( Versailles women march ) from Versailles. From then until June 1791 before fleeing , Louis maintained a high degree of public support . Public appreciation for his willingness to give up absolute monarchy , and the ability to meet the requirements of the people and step back