History/English facts for class.?

Student is to research the life of African-Americans in the 1950's. List ten facts that would make life hard for this group during this decade.

List 5 reasons that the northern cities were experiencing a housing crisis for this group of Americans.

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  • 6 years ago
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    the web page (below) provides:

    Social Conditions for African Americans in the U.S. During the 1950s

    The 1950s were a difficult time for African Americans in the United States. Despite their growth and their contribution to the nation as a whole, particularly during World War II, Black people were frequently the subjects of discrimination and outright violence. However, several significant developments in the Civil Rights Movement took place during this decade, paving the way for the equal rights granted in the 1960s.

    Economic Conditions

    During the 1950s, African Americans faced economic discrimination. As Black veterans returned home from World War II to claim their piece of the "American Dream," they were restricted from moving into the newly emerging suburbs. Forced to live in cramped, urban neighborhoods, many African-American adults were unable to find suitable employment. Even candidates who were qualified for well-paying jobs faced discrimination during the hiring process and had to settle for menial work.

    Political Conditions

    As African Americans encountered discrimination, it became clear that there was a need for an organized political movement that would ensure the rights of Black people in the U.S. Organized groups held protests nationwide in the 1950s, particularly in places where racism was strongly entrenched, such as the American South. African Americans were widely restricted from voting by illegal acts, such as reading tests and poll taxes. In 1955, Rosa Parks, a seamstress who also served as secretary for the NAACP's Montgomery, Alabama, chapter, was arrested for refusing to give up her seat on a bus to a white man. This led to the Montgomery Bus Boycott, which led to racial integration of the buses and also introduced Southern preacher Martin Luther King, Jr., to the national stage. King would become a prominent figure in the growing civil rights movement for the next decade.

    Health Conditions

    In the 1950s, public buildings in many parts of the U.S. were segregated by race. This rule also applied in some medical establishments, such as hospitals and physicians' offices. Black patients regularly received inferior medical care. In 1952, a report by the Women's Committee to End Discrimination in the Medical Services established a link between hospital segregation and higher mortality rates of black patients. These practices may have contributed to a gap in life expectancy between blacks and whites that persisted into the 1960s.

    Educational Conditions

    Many public schools and colleges were segregated by race at the beginning of the 1950s. African-American children generally attended low-quality schools within black neighborhoods and received a marginal education. In 1954, the Supreme Court made a landmark decision in Brown v. Board of Education, ruling that school segregation was unconstitutional. It took years for this decision to affect local school boards, but the Brown v. Board decision was a pivotal event in the ongoing civil rights movement.

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