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Anonymous
Anonymous asked in 社會與文化語言 · 6 years ago

請教幾個單字的差別

1.dove / pigeon

老師說 dove是一般的鴿子 / pigeon 是比賽用的?

可是我查結果好像是一樣的 ? 沒有差?

2.forever = for good ?

3.dove(執政黨) / hawks(在野黨)?(政治)

4.compare 作比喻時 介係詞只能用 to ? 不能用 with?

可是我查字典 都可以接?

5.The singer's beautiful voice is compared to that of an angel.

that of 是 代前面的N?(我的概念對嗎?)

6.sphere / circle 差別?

前者立體後者平面?

Update:

2.兩個詞有點不一樣,一個時間長,一個是不改變。

這甚麼意思?

Update 2:

所以pigeon跟 dove

pigeon 比較大

dove 比較小?

a dove of peace為何不能講成 a pigeon of peace?(不是都是鴿子?)

Update 3:

tease 跟 make fun of sb. 有差嗎?

3 Answers

Rating
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    6 years ago
    Favorite Answer

    1. dove = 白鴿(代表和平),屬於一種pigeon

    http://oald8.oxfordlearnersdictionaries.com/dictio...

    2. forever = for all time in the future

    They promised to love each other forever.

    I am yours forever.=我永遠屬於你。

    He has gone away forever.=他永遠離開了。

    for good (and all) = permanently, without the possibility of change in the future

    It looks like Jamie has left for good this time.

    I am going for good (and all).=我此去就不回了。

    兩個詞有點不一樣,一個時間長,一個是不改變。

    3.doves鴿派(政見溫和,主和派)

    hawks鷹派(政見激烈,主戰派)

    4.做比較:(compare當動詞用)

    to compare something to/with something

    Just compare the one that has been cleaned with the others.

    The results are then compared to the results of previous studies.

    How does the UK's performance compare with that of other European countries?

    Something doens't compare with something = it is not as good

    It' a good university, but its architecture doesn't compare with that of the older institutions.

    5. The singner's beautiful voice is comapred to that of an angel.

    這裡的compared to...當主詞補語,屬形容詞性質。

    用來比較兩件東西

    that = voice

    of表示's

    This place cannot be compared with Naples.=這地方不足以與Naples相比。

    to, with均可用,但在需要有詳細的研討時,常用with

    (p.284 compare新世紀英漢辭典)

    以下兩句的compared ...是當分詞構句用,修飾述部,屬副詞性質:

    Profits were good (when it is) compared with last year.

    Compared to some of the things she's said, this was polite.

    6. sphere=球體(立體的)

    circle=圓圈(平面的)

    2014-02-16 15:12:54 補充:

    http://oald8.oxfordlearnersdictionaries.com/dictio...

    pigeon的解釋如上頁

    2014-02-16 15:20:19 補充:

    pigeon兼指體型較dove大之野生鴿與信鴿

    較pigeon更小的鴿子稱為dove與橄欖枝(olive branch)同為和平溫和的象徵。

    a dove of peace=和平鴿

    在紛爭中採取妥協態度的稱為鴿派.

    p.414 新世紀英漢辭典

    2014-02-16 19:36:23 補充:

    forever = 時間長到包括以後的全部時間

    for good = 改不回原來的狀況了

    2014-02-16 19:39:41 補充:

    dove是包括在pigeon之內,但dove不包括所有的各種pigeon。

    即dove是一種pigeon,但pigeon不是一種dove。

    2014-02-16 19:46:43 補充:

    to make fun of = to make jokes about someone in an unkind way

    to tease = (1) to say something to someone in order to have fun by embarrassing or annoying them slightly in either a friendly or an unkidn way

    (2) to make someone think that you are willing to have sex with them when you are not

    2014-02-16 19:49:03 補充:

    (3) to backcomb your hair

    (4) to separate a group or knot of pieces of hair into individual pieces

    取自Macmillan English Dicitonary for Advanced Learners

    我己經用完我的字數上限。

    只能在意見欄回應了。

    2014-02-16 19:55:45 補充:

    a dove of peace為何不能講成 a pigeon of peace?(

    因為習慣上,只有白鴿(white dove)才代表和平

    不是各種顏色的鴿子都能用來代表和平

    白鴿已經成了一個象徵的符號,不能換了。

    2014-02-17 20:38:27 補充:

    你的意思是dove包含在pigeon裡,因為pigeon的種類比較多,dove是pigeon的其中一種 所以 pigeon不是一種dove?

    完全正確。

    dove是一種pigeon,但pigeon不全都是dove。

    2014-02-17 20:52:50 補充:

    要查字典看習慣的搭配方式

    名詞comparison可能會用到between/of/with

    a comparison between A and B

    a comparison of ~s

    a comparison with ~s

    動詞to compare A with/to B

    形容詞to be comparable with/to xxx

    因為是兩者在做比較,同異都可以比

    2014-02-17 21:02:29 補充:

    Why are things cheaper in comparison to last year?

    這裡用到介系詞to

    The comparison of the heart to a pump is a very common one.

    在做比喻時,用to表示喻為

    2014-02-17 21:13:21 補充:

    The salary is comparable with that of a junior doctor.

    是指齊鼓相當的意思

    with可換作to,意思相同.

    If things contrasts with another, the two things are different from each other, often in a noticeable or interesting way.

    If a thing is comparable with another thing, they are equal in quality or importance.

    2014-02-18 20:38:15 補充:

    1.所以 COMPARE/comparable 的介係詞 to 跟with 沒差?

    Macmillan Englsih Dictionary for Advanced Learners是這麼寫的。

    2.doves 跟 hawks 為何用複數?

    因為不止一位

    3.Giving free samples is one of the most of the Pacific Ocean.

    不能用 To give 是因為 to 表目的?所以不行?

    不定詞和動名詞片語都可以當主詞

    你給的句子語意不全,應漏了什麼字?

    2014-02-18 21:31:39 補充:

    2.

    湖人隊=lakers

    表示裡頭有一群lakers

    鴿派裡是有一群doves

    鷹派裡也有一群hawks

    3.

    Giving free samples is one of the most common marketing devices.通常會用動名詞(指這個行為)。

    但One of the most common marketing devices is to give free samples.

    2014-02-20 09:31:39 補充:

    2.doves 跟 hawks 為何用複數?

    可是既然是 .... 派 應該視為一個單位?

    當你用複數名詞[doves]和[hawks]時,是因為有一個以上的單位,才用複數;寫成單數名詞one dove, one hawk時,才是只有一隻。

    你是在看英文,不要用翻成中文後的[派]來決定單複數

    a goupe of doves才可視為一個單位,這group才是單數

    2014-02-20 09:34:11 補充:

    It is to you that I surrender . = It is you that I surrender to.

    這是分裂句(cleft sentence),位於it is ... that中間的字受到強調

    你也可以寫作:It is I who surrender to you.

    焦點隨放入的字而不同

    2014-02-20 09:38:48 補充:

    http://oald8.oxfordlearnersdictionaries.com/dictio...

    關於compare的用法,你可以參考牛津網路字典的說明如上

    有關comparable的用法,你也可以用這字典查

    字典比我的個人說法靠得住

    2014-02-20 20:43:09 補充:

    If you compare one person or thing to another, you say that they are like the other person or thing.

    Commentators compared his work to that of James Joyce.

    把xxx與yyy相提並論

    2014-02-20 20:48:56 補充:

    Was it fair to compare independent schools with state schools?

    When you compare things, you consider them and discover the differences or similarities between them.

    to compare A with B

    是把A與B做比較

    to compare A to B

    是把A視為與B一樣

    I can only compare the experience to falling in love.

    我認為那種經驗跟墜入愛河相同。

    2014-02-20 20:53:36 補充:

    When you say that something does not compare with something else, you mean thatit is much worse.

    The flowers here do not compare with those at home.

    這裡的花比不上家裡的花。

    2014-02-20 20:57:41 補充:

    If one thing compares favourable with another, it is better than the other thing. If it compares unfavourably, it is worse than the other thing.

    Our road safety record compares favourably with that of other European countries.

    022-025來自

    Collins Cobuild English Dictionary for Advanced Learners

    2014-02-21 23:10:00 補充:

    多查幾本字典,尤其是英英字典,才比較有可能釐清一些我們用字時的疑惑。謝謝你的求知精神,用打破砂鍋問到底的方式,讓我從這個回答的過程中,學到很多我以前不知道的東西。你們老師也許沒有把這個字的用法弄清楚,英文的介系詞是很難的虛字。

    2014-02-22 19:16:41 補充:

    compare to與compare with的意思不同,你換了介系詞時,也換了意思。

    我沒查到意思可以相通的例子。

    2014-02-22 19:24:00 補充:

    這是我給你的牛津網路字典上可看到的例句:

    1.兩者做比較:

    We carefully compared the first report with the second.

    My own problems seem insignificant compared with other people's.

    2.跟它一樣:

    I've had some difficulties, but they were nothing compared to yours (= they were not nearly as bad as yours).

    2014-02-22 19:43:02 補充:

    2 compare with somebody/something to be similar to somebody/something else, either better or worse

    This school compares with the best in the country (= it is as good as them).

    This house doesn't compare with our previous one (= it is not as good).

    2014-02-22 19:43:40 補充:

    3 compare A to B to show or state that somebody/something is similar to somebody/something else

    The critics compared his work to that of Martin Amis.

    2014-02-22 19:53:05 補充:

    所以compare在牛津字典裡有三種用法:

    1. You can compare A with B.你做A與B的比較。(及物用法)

    2. A compares with B.表示兩者相同。(不及物用法)

    3. You can compare A to B.你可以視A為B,也是表示兩者相同.(及物用法)

    可能是後面的這兩個用法易造成了誤會

    2014-02-23 17:52:24 補充:

    The poet's comparison of the writer's pen to a magic wand is quite clever.

    =那個詩人把作家的筆說成是一根能施展魔法的棒子,形容得太好了。

    這是視A為B的狀況。

    但這裡的comparison是名詞

    2014-02-23 17:58:28 補充:

    The comparison of the heart to a pump is a very common one.=把心臟比作幫浦是很普遍的比喻。(在打比喻)

    In comparison with most first novels hers shows considerable polish.=跟大部分的處女作相比,她的作品顯得相當精練。(在做比較)

    新世紀英漢辭典p.284 comparison例句

    2014-02-23 18:04:38 補充:

    http://oald8.oxfordlearnersdictionaries.com/dictio...

    這裡有更多comparison的例句可以參考

    2014-02-24 20:09:52 補充:

    [比喻](to compare A to B),和[比較](to compare A with B)還是不能混為一談的。因為前者並不是在[做比較],因為做比較時,可能還會看到兩者的不同之處,但做比喻時,只會想到兩者相同的地方。

    2014-02-26 09:27:40 補充:

    the number of xxx = xxx的數目

    只有一組數字

    2014-02-26 20:00:58 補充:

    The total number of students is 100.

    =The total quantity of students is 100.

    = 學生的總人數是一百人。

    只有[一]個數目

    不論一,一百,一千,一萬,都是[一]個數目

    2014-02-26 20:05:39 補充:

    comapre/comparison在做[比喻]用 to [比較]用 with當介系詞。

    這是英文的表達方式。

    我看不出那裡奇怪?

    2014-02-26 20:07:26 補充:

    中文的[恢復健康]不奇怪,

    但[恢復疲勞]倒是有點奇怪的。

    不知要如何解釋?

    2014-02-27 23:38:56 補充:

    doves 跟 hawks 也可以視為 [總人數] (用單數?)

    這是兩個英文字,不是一組數目。

    2014-02-27 23:49:28 補充:

    Standards in health care have improved enormously compared to 40 years ago.

    在寫成被動方式當修飾語時 compared with (those of) 40 years ago

    介系詞主要還是用with,<新世紀英漢辭典>是將to放在括號裡,表示也可以用。(p.284)

    2014-03-01 10:19:34 補充:

    我看到Macmillan English Dictionary for Advanced Learners p.296的解釋中,字義是會隨著句子而縮小或擴大的,所以不直只限定一個解釋:

    1. to compare something with/to something

    = to consider how things or people are similar and how they are different

    例句:The results are then compared to the results of previous studies.

    2014-03-01 10:26:17 補充:

    2. to compare something to something

    = one things or person is similar to another

    The band has been compared to the Beatles.

    2014-03-01 10:29:16 補充:

    3. to compare and contrast

    = to show how things are similar and how they are different

    The research aims to compare and contrast policies in British, American, and Japanese firms.

    這時compare才是比相同的

    2014-03-01 10:32:45 補充:

    4. to compare with

    used for saying how good or bad one thing is in relation to another

    How does the UK's performance compare with that of ohter European countries?

    正反兩面都可比較

    2014-03-01 19:07:12 補充:

    1. to consider how things or people are similar and how they are different

    =[考量]事物或人物是如何的相似,如何的不同。

    2. to compare with

    used for saying how good or bad one thing is in relation to another

    用在說明一件事物[跟另一件相比]的好或壞

    沒有你說的[正式]或[不正式]的問題。

    2014-03-01 19:10:06 補充:

    How does the UK's performance compare with that of other European countries?

    =跟其它歐洲國家相比,英國的表現如何?

    這例句是在問英國的表現是比較好,還是比較差,沒有什麼正式或不正式。

    2014-03-02 18:36:14 補充:

    The results are then compared to the results of previous studies.

    =那些研究成果接著就被用來跟先前的做比較。

    Source(s): Macmillan English Dictionary for Advanced Learners
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  • Anonymous
    6 years ago

    到下面的網址看看吧

    ▶▶http://misshare168.pixnet.net/blog/post/86950298

    • Commenter avatarLogin to reply the answers
  • Anonymous
    6 years ago

    The short i sound is created with tongue rounded upward.

    這啥意思啊? 即使全部知道意思也怪怪的?

    2014-02-17 20:29:40 補充:

    dove是包括在pigeon之內,但dove不包括所有的各種pigeon。

    即dove是一種pigeon,但pigeon不是一種dove。

    不好意思,你這有點像繞口令(腦袋打結)

    你的意思是dove包含在pigeon裡,因為pigeon的種類比較多,dove是pigeon的其中一種 所以 pigeon不是一種dove?

    2014-02-17 20:39:24 補充:

    1.The poet's comparison of the writer's pen to a magic wand is quite clever.

    2.The situation in the US is not directly comparable to that in the UK.

    上面兩句因是性質不同 所以用to?

    3.Inflation is now at a rate comparable with that in other European countries.

    性質相同 所以用 with?(通貨膨脹)

    2014-02-18 20:10:21 補充:

    1.所以 COMPARE/comparable 的介係詞 to 跟with 沒差?

    2.doves 跟 hawks 為何用複數?

    3.Giving free samples is one of the most of the Pacific Ocean.

    不能用 To give 是因為 to 表目的?所以不行?

    2014-02-18 21:11:58 補充:

    2.doves 跟 hawks 為何用複數?

    可是既然是 .... 派 應該視為一個單位?

    3..Giving free samples is one of the most common marketing devices.

    (不好意思!!打錯~)

    所以可以寫成 To give free samples is one of the most common marketing devices. ?

    (有時後能改有時又不行~~唉~~好難)

    2014-02-19 20:44:04 補充:

    2.doves 跟 hawks 為何用複數?

    可是既然是 .... 派 應該視為一個單位?

    第二題還是不懂??

    還想請教一個鋸子(在知識+看到 但答案是不懂)

    It is to you that I surrender . = It is you that I surrender to.

    有甚麼差啊?(那個to移過來移過去 )

    1.所以 COMPARE/comparable 的介係詞 to 跟with 沒差?

    Macmillan Englsih Dictionary for Advanced Learners是這麼寫的。

    2014-02-19 20:45:05 補充:

    可是你說 This place cannot be compared with Naples.=這地方不足以與Naples相比。

    to, with均可用,但在需要有詳細的研討時,常用with

    有衝突??

    2014-02-20 20:09:26 補充:

    1.It is to you that I surrender = It is you that I surrender to.

    那個to 是怎麼樣?( to you , surrender to)有差?

    2.我去看了那個網址 還是有點不懂

    (不及物)compare with somebody/something

    to be similar to somebody/something else, either better or worse

    他的意思是說 某人/某事 跟其他的很相似,(好或壞)

    2014-02-20 20:13:15 補充:

    compare A to B

    to show or state that somebody/something is similar to somebody/something else 意思是說顯示或說明 某人/某事 很像(相似) 某人/某事

    compare A with/to B

    那這是啥意思? 怎麼變成兩個都能接??????????

    2014-02-21 20:56:23 補充:

    所以我們老師說錯了??

    因為他說 A to B (比較)

    A with B (比喻)

    (跟你說的天差地遠)

    (上面好像沒講到比喻??)

    2014-02-22 17:57:00 補充:

    我想再問一下 甚麼時候to 跟with才可通用? (牛津上沒寫)

    2014-02-23 17:08:58 補充:

    可是我課本上 compare都用to ?(比喻)

    The poet's comparison of the writer's pen to a magic wand is quite clever.

    2014-02-24 19:38:46 補充:

    所以 3. You can compare A to B.你可以視A為B也是表示兩者相同.(及物用法)

    1. You can compare A with B.你做A與B的比較。(及物用法)

    其實都有比較的意思?

    2014-02-25 19:49:51 補充:

    1.所以 [比喻]用 to [比較]用 with ?

    2.doves 跟hawks

    可是既然是 .... 派 應該視為一個單位?

    當你用複數名詞[doves]和[hawks]時,是因為有一個以上的單位,才用複數;寫成單數名詞one dove, one hawk時,才是只有一隻。

    你是在看英文,不要用翻成中文後的[派]來決定單複數

    a goupe of doves才可視為一個單位,這group才是單數

    可是 像這個文法 the number of .... ,後就接(數目)三單???(是為一整體??????)

    2014-02-26 18:54:55 補充:

    只有一組數字 (數字可以很多啊????)(應該用複數?)

    結論:[比喻]用 to [比較]用 with ?(怪怪的?)

    2014-02-27 20:18:04 補充:

    1.= 學生的總人數是一百人。

    [總人數] 那這樣 doves 跟 hawks 也可以視為 [總人數] (用單數?)

    2.comapre/comparison在做[比喻]用 to [比較]用 with當介系詞。

    這是英文的表達方式。

    這樣的話 不是會有衝突?

    Standards in health care have improved enormously compared to 40 years ago.

    與四十年前相比,衛生保健的水準得到極大的提高

    {to} 這裡是[相比]?

    2014-02-28 18:54:30 補充:

    那可以這樣說?

    compare with 是拿兩個性質相同的東西來比較,說[他們的差異]

    compare to 是拿兩個不同的東西,放在一起 , 說[他們相似的地方] 或是 [補充提供一些資訊],說[而如果是那樣的話,他是這樣的]

    2014-03-01 18:23:57 補充:

    4. to compare with

    used for saying how good or bad one thing is in relation to another

    所以with 比較不正式??

    2014-03-01 18:25:20 補充:

    in relation to 是 與 .....有關 ?

    2014-03-01 18:27:00 補充:

    to consider how things or people are similar and how they are different

    consider 不是考慮嗎?? 句意連不起來??

    2014-03-01 18:38:50 補充:

    不懂???????????????

    2014-03-02 16:16:44 補充:

    The results are then compared to the results of previous studies.

    那你舉的這例句是啥意思??

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