promotion image of download ymail app
Promoted
Anonymous
Anonymous asked in Arts & HumanitiesHistory · 6 years ago

What were the major event of the Mexico-American war listed in chronological order?

Update:

Please only the major events, not every single event.

And i would really appreciate it if you don't copy paste.

1 Answer

Relevance
  • 6 years ago
    Favorite Answer

    1821: Mexico gains independence from Spain: difficult, chaotic years to follow

    1835:

    Settlers in Texas revolt, fight for independence from Mexico

    1836:

    Texas gains independence from Mexico at the Battle of San Jacinto

    1844:

    On September 12, Antonio López de Santa Anna deposed as President of Mexico: he goes into exile

    1845:

    •March 1: President John Tyler signs official proposal of statehood for Texas: Mexican leaders warn that annexing Texas could lead to war

    •July 4: Texas legislators agree to annexation

    •July 25: General Zachary Taylor and his army arrive in Corpus Christi, Texas

    •December 6: John Slidell sent to Mexico to offer $30 million for California: his efforts are rebuffed

    1846:

    •January 2: Mariano Paredes becomes President of Mexico

    •March 28: General Taylor reaches the Rio Grande near Matamoros

    •April 12: John Riley deserts and joins Mexican army

    •April 23: Mexico declares defensive war vs. United States: it would defend territories under attack but not take the offensive

    •April 25: Captain Seth Thornton's small reconnaissance force ambushed near Brownsville: this small skirmish would be the spark that kicked off the war

    •May 3-9: Mexico lays siege to Fort Texas (later renamed Fort Brown)

    •May 8: Battle of Palo Alto is the first major battle of the war

    •May 9: Battle of Resaca de la Palma

    •May 13: US Congress declares war on Mexico

    •May: The St. Patrick's Battalion organized in Mexico, led by John Riley

    •June 16: Colonel Stephen Kearny and his army leave Fort Leavenworth: they will invade New Mexico and California

    •July 4: American settlers in California declare Bear Flag Republic in Sonoma

    •July 27: Mexican President Paredes leaves Mexico City to deal with a revolt in Guadalajara: He leaves Nicolás Bravo in charge

    •August 4: Mexican President Nicolás Bravo is deposed by General Mariano Salas as chief executive of Mexico

    •August 13: Commodore Robert F. Stockton occupies Los Angeles, California with naval forces

    •August 16: Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna returns to Mexico: the Americans, hoping he would promote a peace accord, had let him back in

    •August 18: Kearny occupies Santa Fe, New Mexico

    •September 20-24: The Siege of Monterrey: Taylor captures the Mexican city of Monterrey

    •November 19: US President James K. Polk names Winfield Scott as leader of invasion force

    •November 23: Scott leaves Washington for Texas

    •December 6: Mexican Congress names Santa Anna President

    •December 12: Kearny occupies San Diego

    •December 24: Mexican General/President Mariano Salas turns over power to Santa Anna's Vice-president, Valentín Gómez Farías

    1847

    •February 22-23: The Battle of Buena Vista is the last major battle in the northern theater

    •March 9: Scott and his army land unopposed near Veracruz

    •March 29: Veracruz falls to Scott's army

    •February 26: Five Mexican National Guard units (the so-called "polkos") refuse to mobilize, rebelling against President Santa Anna and Vice-President Gómez Farías. They demand repeal of a law forcing a loan from the Catholic Church to the government.

    •February 28: Battle of Rio Sacramento near Chihuahua

    •March 2: Alexander Doniphan and his army occupy Chihuahua

    •March 21: Santa Anna returns to Mexico City, takes control of the government and reaches an agreement with the rebellious polkos soldiers

    •April 2: Santa Anna leaves to fight Scott: he leaves Pedro María Anaya in the Presidency

    •April 18: Scott defeats Santa Anna at the Battle of Cerro Gordo

    •May 14: Nicholas Trist, charged with eventually creating a treaty, arrives at Jalapa

    •May 20: Santa Anna returns to Mexico City, assumes presidency once more

    •May 28: Scott occupies Puebla

    •August 20: The Battle of Contreras and the Battle of Churubusco open the way for the Americans to attack Mexico City. Most of the St. Patrick's Battalion killed or captured

    •August 23: Court-martial of members of St. Patrick's Battalion at Tacubaya

    •August 24: Armistice between US and Mexico: it would only last about two weeks

    •August 26: Court-martial of members of St. Patrick's Battalion at San Angel

    •September 6: Armistice breaks down: Scott accuses Mexicans of breaking the terms and using the time on defenses

    •September 8: Battle of Molino del Rey

    •September 10: Sixteen members of St. Patrick's Battalion hanged at San Angel

    •September 11: Four members of St. Patrick's Battalion hanged at Mixcoac

    •September 13: Battle of Chapultepec: Americans storm gates into Mexico City. 30 members of St. Patrick's Battalion hanged within sight of the castle

    •September 14: Santa Anna moves his troops out of Mexico City: General Scott occupies the city

    •September 16: Santa Anna relieved of command: Mexican government attempts to re-group in Querétaro. Manuel de la Peña y Peña named President

    •September 17: Polk sends recall order to Trist: he receives it on November 16 but decides to remain and finish the treaty

    1848

    •February 2: Trist and Mexican diplomats agree on Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

    •April: Santa Anna escapes Mexico, goes into exile in Jamaica

    •March 10: Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ratified by USA

    •May 13: Mexican President Manuel de la Peña y Peña resigns: General José Joaquín de Herrera named to replace him

    •May 30: Mexican Congress ratifies treaty

    •July 15: Last US troops depart Mexico from Veracruz

    • Commenter avatarLogin to reply the answers
Still have questions? Get your answers by asking now.