YingYing asked in 社會與文化語言 · 7 years ago

in which與where的用法

以下兩題想請教:

(一)There are two ways in which this can be done.

為何用in which呢?為何不寫成There are two ways those/that can be done呢?

(二)The second is where there is no time for previous circulation, or there is some other reason why the paper cannot be circulated.

為什麼用where呢?可否直接把where省略呢?

謝謝喔。

4 Answers

Rating
  • 羅莉
    Lv 7
    7 years ago
    Favorite Answer

    (一)There are two ways in which this can be done.

    為何用in which呢?為何不寫成There are two ways those/that can

    be done呢?

    There are two ways與 this can be done各是完整的句子, 而in which是聯繫兩句的要素, 因為;

    in which = in two ways, 亦即後句受到副詞片語in two ways的修飾:

    this can be done in two ways.

    這樣的聯繫, 合併起來就排除一句雙動詞的錯誤了.

    不可省略in, 也不可把in which換為that, 因為ways並不是be done的邏輯受詞, 必須有in來形成副詞片語in two ways發揮它在關係子句中應有的功能.

    至於in which換為those, 則完全不可, 因為這樣一來前後兩句便缺了聯繫, 而不能硬湊在一起了.

    (二)The second is where there is no time for previous circulation, or there

    is some other reason why the paper cannot be circulated.

    為什麼用where呢?可否直接把where省略呢?

    The second應是指「第二事項; 第二個說明」.

    where是關係副詞, 意指「關鍵所在」, 修飾其所引導的關係子句.

    where可否換成that或省略呢? 文法上是可以的, 但意思變了, 使得"there is no time for previous circulation"成了「第二事項; 第二個說明」的本身, 與where原子句意思迥異.

    原句翻譯

    第二個說明正是前一次通告未及進行的關鍵所在, 否則應有此文件無法通告之某種別的原因.

    2014-02-12 17:23:10 補充:

    The second is where there is no time for previous circulation

    第二個說明正是前一次通告未及進行的關鍵所在

    The second is that there is no time for previous circulation

    第二項就是前次通告沒時間進行.

    Source(s): 羅莉 + 英文文法
  • 7 years ago

    where可否換成that或省略呢? 文法上是可以的, 但意思變了, 使得"there is no time for previous circulation"成了「第二事項; 第二個說明」的本身, 與where原子句意思迥異.

    沒想到改一個字,整句意思會差很大。是否能再說明,用where與用that整句意思的差意呢?謝謝喔。

    2014-02-13 18:20:27 補充:

    十分感謝您的詳盡回答喔^__^

  • Louis
    Lv 7
    7 years ago

    This can be done in two ways.

    in which = in two ways

    關係代名詞只代表two ways,

    需要用in才能表示this can be done與two ways的關係

    can be done是被動態,邏輯上的受詞就是句子的主詞it

    你無法直接加替子句上代名詞those/that

    只能加上副詞性質的修飾語in which,修飾述部.

  • 如果把in which或where省略

    那個句子就會有兩個動詞

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