Jacky asked in 社會與文化語言 · 6 years ago

一些英文文法問題

我有一些英文文法問題,這些疑問困擾我好久喔,請幫我,謝謝

1. Everyone has their own opinions. 我不太確定後面是用their own嗎? 因為everyone是單數

2. after all 到底是什麼意思? 到底是"畢竟"還是"全部結束以後"?

3. as well代表"也",能用在否定句嗎?

4.到底是 I never heard that before 還是 I've never heard that before ? 我不確定never能不能直接加過去分詞

5. 我實在是搞不清楚到底是 例如:pass me by 還是 pass by me, 那只是舉例,我的問題是到底是如何用,是 "動詞+名詞+介係詞" 還是 "動詞+介係詞+名詞" 還有那個by是介係詞對吧?還是是副詞?

6. make用法 make後是能接 原形動詞或是形容詞嗎?

ex: make me smile

ex: make me angry

7. 縮寫疑問: It is not my business. 可以寫成 It's not my business 或是 It isn't my business. 縮寫到底縮在哪?

8. He said he will not come 還是 He said he wouldn't come 哪個對呢?

I thought I have to do it 還是 I thought I had to do it 哪個對呢?

For that moment, I thought you are/were not coming. 哪個對呢?

9. The stories are told based on people's own experiences. 那個based on怎麼用的? 為什麼能那樣加?

10. The reason that he did this is to kill you.

is killing you.

is kills you.

哪個對?

11. I am too shy to speak aloud, especially, when I stand in front of crowd.

那個標點符號我有標對嗎? 要加兩個逗點嗎?

問題有點多,謝謝喔

Update:

不好意思,再加一題

12. When I walked in, she was/is reading. 哪個對呢?

謝謝

Update 2:

謝謝你們,兩個人的答案都很棒,讓我學了很多,可是第11題你們說得不一樣耶,能把插入語or句說清楚一點嗎,謝謝。

3 Answers

Rating
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    6 years ago
    Best Answer

    1. Everyone has their own opinions. 我不太確定後面是用their own嗎? 因為everyone是單數

    前面everyone雖是單數,但後面用複數的their,這是為了避免造成性別問題(到底該用his或her)。這是英文不斷演化的自然結果。新版的英文字典可以看到此用法。

    2. after all 到底是什麼意思? 到底是"畢竟"還是"全部結束以後"?

    (1) 用來做結論:

    Maybe she was right after all.(畢竟)

    I'm sorry, but we've decided not to come after all.

    (2) 用來提供理由:

    She shouldn't be working so hard - she is 70, after all.

    I'm not really ambitious. After all, money isn't everything.

    3. as well代表"也",能用在否定句嗎?

    I'd like a cup of coffee, and a glass of water as well.(追加的內容是肯定的)

    He did a a superb job, and he didn't have any help either.(追加的內容是否定的)

    It's a problem I can't solve, and I don't think anyone else can either.

    as well只用來肯定。

    4.到底是 I never heard that before 還是 I've never heard that before ? 我不確定never能不能直接加過去分詞

    應用[現在完成式],因為是算到目前為止的真實結果(你把never去掉,體會一下句意是否合理。本句是結果比發生的時間點重要。)。副詞never加在助動詞have和主要動詞heard之間是正確的。

    5. 我實在是搞不清楚到底是 例如:pass me by 還是 pass by me, 那只是舉例,我的問題是到底是如何用,是 "動詞+名詞+介係詞" 還是 "動詞+介係詞+名詞" 還有那個by是介係詞對吧?還是是副詞?

    pass by可及物也可不及物,意思是經過:

    Three buses passsed by, but none of them was the right one.

    to pass by somebody/something = to go past somebody/something

    I was just passing by her house, so I thought I'd call in and see he

    如果是to pass somebody by,意思是你沒有注意到或錯過了機會:

    Did you tell me about that? Sorry, it completely passed me by.

    Sometimes I feel that life is just passing me by.

    6. make用法 make後是能接 原形動詞或是形容詞嗎?

    ex: make me smile這make是使役動詞用法(令另一動作發生),smile是bare infinitive,當受詞補語,屬形容詞性質。

    ex: make me angry這是一般的不完全及物動詞用法,angry是當[受詞補語]的形容詞。

    7. 縮寫疑問: It is not my business. 可以寫成 It's not my business 或是 It isn't my business. 縮寫到底縮在哪?

    這是口語時,因語意不同而有的變化。強調的字是not時,就不省略該音節,將它發成句重音(大聲又清楚)。It's NOT my business.會比It IS'NT my business.更強調[不]。書寫時,為了表現說話者的情緒強度,會擇一來寫。

    2014-02-10 11:00:46 補充:

    8. He said he will not come 還是 He said he wouldn't come 哪個對呢?

    都對。名詞子句的時態用來表現我的立場:前者表示我認為時效仍在,他將來可能會來。後者表示我只是單純轉述。我不做事情的認定。

    I thought I have to do it 還是 I thought I had to do it 哪個對呢?

    後者才對。我原以為我必須做那件事的。(那是我以前的想法,所以都用過去式動詞)

    2014-02-10 11:01:14 補充:

    For that moment, I thought you are/were not coming. 哪個對呢?

    I thought表示我的想法已變,所以要用you were not coming或you would not come(因為事實上you are here now)。

    9. The stories are told based on people's own experiences. 那個based on怎麼用的? 為什麼能那樣加?

    這是分詞構句,是用來修飾述部的修飾語。

    2014-02-10 11:01:36 補充:

    10. The reason that he did this is to kill you.

    is killing you.

    is kills you.

    哪個對?

    The reason for him to do so is to kill you.

    這樣寫才簡潔正確。用不定詞片語當主詞補語。

    2014-02-10 11:01:46 補充:

    11. I am too shy to speak aloud, especially, when I stand in front of crowd.

    那個標點符號我有標對嗎? 要加兩個逗點嗎?

    應將第二個逗號拿掉。這屬[插入語]。

    12. When I walked in, she was/is reading. 哪個對呢?

    ...she was reading.才對,因為都發生在過去。walked in是一個點,was reading是一條線,點在線上。

    2014-02-10 11:02:56 補充:

    回答和意見橺都有字數限制。只好分多次貼上。

    2014-02-12 14:08:24 補充:

    [插入短語]與主句的句構無關,只是用來插入說話者或寫作者的判斷,評論,情緒,或註解:

    Most, if not all, of this report was written by Ms. Wang.

    As you know, we've already accepted an offer from another company.

    My whole leg was, you know, soaked in blood.

    Folk songs, which some musicians rock on are undervalued, must be rediscovered.

    2014-02-12 14:11:06 補充:

    He was the first man, I believe, to swim the Bosporus.

    My mother, whom I'm sure you remember, passed away last year.

    What two important things whe said we should be doing?

    上述的句子裡都用到了不同功能的[插入短語]。

  • 呆子
    Lv 7
    6 years ago

    1. Everyone has their own opinions. 我不太確定後面是用their own嗎? everyone是單數,但因指所有每個人意見,用法如集合名詞所以可用their own,如My family are all healthy.

    2. after all是"畢竟"

    3. as well代表"也",用在肯定句,too可用在否定句

    4. I never heard that before (那個時候沒聽說,現在有可能)還是 I've never heard that before ?(在此之前沒聽說) 表達語意不相同

    5.例如:pass me by 還是 pass by me,都正確,是由不及物動詞轉為及物的方法,還有那個by是介係詞

    6. Make是不完全及物動詞,後接原形動詞或是形容詞當受詞補語

    ex: make me smile

    ex: make me angry

    7. 縮寫疑問: It is not my business. 可以寫成 It's not my business 或是 It isn't my business. 都正確,一般用第二句

    8. He said he wouldn't come對

    I thought I had to do it對

    For that moment, I thought you were not coming.對

    以上時態一致性

    9. The stories are told based on people's own experiences. 那個based on是”基於,以----為基礎”,Our love is based on mutual trust.

    10. The reason that he did this is to kill you.

    is killing you.

    is kills you.

    都錯

    11. I am too shy to speak aloud, especially, when I stand in front of crowd.

    要加兩個逗點,當插入句

    When I walked in, she was reading. 對

    2014-02-10 14:40:08 補充:

    9. The stories are told based on people's own experiences.其中 are told(V) based on people's own experiences(分詞片語當主詞補語修飾STORIES),句型為S + V + SC------

    2014-02-12 19:06:38 補充:

    插入句可置副詞,名詞,形容詞子句,介詞片語等,只是補充說明,刪除不影響句意-------

  • 6 years ago

    明天就要開學了 你現在才想寫功課太晚囉 ~

    Source(s): 來自學校
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