盟翔 asked in 社會與文化語言 · 7 years ago

請英文高手幫忙解答~~~附上20點

A child should begin with an amount of elementary knowledge,the most useful "be" history,geography,and literature.

為什麼"the most useful be history,geography,and literature".中的be要改成[being]?

Hundreds of business and banks are engaged in work "connect" with

international trade.

請問"connect with "為什麼要改成[connected]?

The big trucks back up to the "unloaded" platform.Some of them have special

backs,like little elevators that lower cases of goods,which are then carries into the storage area.

請問"unloaded "為什麼要改成[unloading]?

Seeing a landslide ahead,the motorist had no choice but ____ back to the motel.

(A) get (B) getting (C) to get (D) got

為什麼要選(C),其它的答案錯在哪邊?

He felt in his pocket ____ sure whether the money was still in there.

(A) make (B) making (C) to make (D) made

為什麼答案是(C),其它的答案錯在哪邊?如果可以的話,順便幫忙翻譯此題

She sat by the window, watching kindergarten children___samll ball.

(A)played (B) play (C) to play (D) having played

何從得知答案要選(B)?請說明

Mr.Wang is said___ in that bank for over ten years.

(A) to serve (B) serving (C)to be served (D) to have served

何從得知答案要選(D)?請說明

如果以寫作的角度來看,使用to+原形動詞這個文法時,該怎麼判斷是使用to serve 或者to be served ?又兩者之間有何不同?

Both the bus and the street car have had their routes___.

(A) to change (B) were changed (C)have changed (D)changed

為什麼答案是(D)?

I must risk___ in a storm.

(A) getting caught (B) to be caught (C) to get caught (D) caught

為什麼答案是(A)?

He ordered the room___.

(A)to sweep (B) sweeping (C) to be swept (D) to be sweeping

為什麼答案是(C)?

以上麻煩各位高手幫忙解題,小弟英文不是很好,請以簡單明瞭的方式解釋,感激不盡~~~

Update:

關於第一題您的解釋如 下:

這是分詞構句, 屬於分詞之主詞與主句主詞不同而必須保留的類型.

但是這樣我還是不太懂,是否可以在說明詳細一點

如果可以的話請提供中文翻譯

have [sb] Vr/Ving/Vpp

have [sth] Vpp

請問上述括弧中的 [sb] &[sth]是指什麼?

1 Answer

Rating
  • 羅莉
    Lv 7
    7 years ago
    Favorite Answer

    A child should begin with an amount of elementary knowledge,the most useful "be" history,geography,and literature.

    為什麼"the most useful be history,geography,and literature".中的be要改成[being]?

    這是分詞構句, 屬於分詞之主詞與主句主詞不同而必須保留的類型.

    Hundreds of business and banks are engaged in work "connect" with

    international trade.

    請問"connect with "為什麼要改成[connected]?

    這個work是名詞, 事物是被動的.

    connected = (which is) connected

    The big trucks back up to the "unloaded" platform.Some of them have special

    backs,like little elevators that lower cases of goods,which are then carries into the storage area.

    請問"unloaded "為什麼要改成[unloading]?

    平台不是被卸下的東西, 貨物才是.

    所以這裡要用動名詞unloading, 與platform構成複合名詞;

    unloading platform = platform for unloading

    Seeing a landslide ahead,the motorist had no choice but ____ back to the motel.

    (A) get (B) getting (C) to get (D) got

    為什麼要選(C),其它的答案錯在哪邊?

    have no choice but to Vr 是 have to Vr的衍生片語

    沒有had get 或 had getting這樣的搭配,

    no choice後的but是介系詞而非對等連接詞, 不可接got.

    He felt in his pocket ____ sure whether the money was still in there.

    (A) make (B) making (C) to make (D) made

    為什麼答案是(C),其它的答案錯在哪邊?如果可以的話,順便幫忙翻譯此題

    in his pocket是副詞片語而非感官動詞felt的受詞, 所以後面不適用原V(只有受詞的動作才適用原V);

    這裡要用to make表目的.

    他在口袋裡摸了摸, 以確定錢是否還在那裡面.

    She sat by the window, watching kindergarten children___small ball.

    (A)played (B) play (C) to play (D) having played

    何從得知答案要選(B)?請說明

    watch(ing)是感官動詞, 受詞kindergarten children的主動動作要用原V或Ving,

    選項中只有B符合.

    Mr.Wang is said___ in that bank for over ten years.

    (A) to serve (B) serving (C)to be served (D) to have served

    何從得知答案要選(D)?請說明

    如果以寫作的角度來看,使用to+原形動詞這個文法時,該怎麼判斷是使用to serve 或者to be served ?又兩者之間有何不同?

    said to Vr (主動)

    said to be Vpp (被動)

    動作主體是Mr.Wang, 當然是主動; for over ten years是過去到線再的一段時間, 適用完成式, 其不定詞形式就是to have served.

    Both the bus and the street car have had their routes___.

    (A) to change (B) were changed (C)have changed (D)changed

    為什麼答案是(D)?

    have [sb] Vr/Ving/Vpp

    have [sth] Vpp

    routes是事物, 所以用Vpp.

    (篇幅不夠, 續意見區)

    2014-02-09 19:36:41 補充:

    I must risk___ in a storm.

    (A) getting caught (B) to be caught (C) to get caught (D) caught

    為什麼答案是(A)?

    risk + Ving(動名詞) : 冒xxx之風險

    risk to be caught或risk to get caught意思都是冒險以便被困, 意思不對.

    2014-02-09 19:37:16 補充:

    He ordered the room___.

    (A)to sweep (B) sweeping (C) to be swept (D) to be sweeping

    為什麼答案是(C)?

    此題正解: 以上皆非

    正確應填be swept.

    表建議、要求、命令、堅持等之動詞後面要用(should) Vr 或(should) be Vpp

    其中should常被省略.

    2014-02-15 19:05:01 補充:

    分詞構句的主詞一般是與主句相同, 所以不必寫出來, 例如:

    Running short of money, we took only bread for lunch.

    手頭越來越緊, 我們午餐只吃麵包.

    前後主詞都是we, 故分詞構句不必寫出we.

    關於分詞之主詞與主句主詞不同而必須保留的類型, 舉例來說:

    The traffic being very heavy, we spent two additional hours on the road.

    交通非常繁忙, 我們在路上多花了兩小時. ,

    繁忙的是traffic而不是we, 故分詞構句主詞The traffic不可省略.

    2014-02-15 19:06:38 補充:

    [sb] = [somebody] 某人

    [sth] = [something] 某事物

    2014-02-15 19:21:12 補充:

    訂正:

    使役動詞+ [sb] + Vr/Vpp

    使役動詞+ [sth] + Vpp

    知覺動詞+ [sb] + Vr/Ving/Vpp

    知覺動詞+ [sth] + Vpp

    have是使役動詞, 適用前者.

    Source(s): 羅莉 + 英文文法
Still have questions? Get your answers by asking now.