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Anonymous
Anonymous asked in 社會與文化語言 · 6 years ago

Relative Clause 的相關問題~~~

.....N+ that/ which/who(m)

我想請問的是:

1.關代 可以省略?(不是只有that可以省?)

2.who跟whom現在都可以用?(現在沒有區別了?)

以上 (越詳細越好)

獻上十二萬分謝意~~!!

Update:

所以它跟名詞子句一樣可省略?

Update 2:

1.只有受格可以省?(名詞子句跟關代都一樣?)

2.(名詞子句)那其他的也一樣? 也都可省? 如:who . which 等等

3.為何介係詞後一定是受詞?這是規定?

Update 3:

as the object of a verb or preposition, but immediately after a prepositon whom is generally used.ㄜ.....你這句可以翻譯一下嗎?謝謝!!

Update 4:

1.You push the floor number you want before you enter the elevator.

這裡的you want前面是省略 which跟that嗎?

2.Passengers who go to the same floors are grouped together in one elevator.

這裡的who ~~~~floors 因為是主格 如果拿到who 句子就不完整了 是嗎?

Update 5:

3.The invention of the Internet has greatly affected the way people communicate.

1.形容詞子句是 the way~~~~people communicate. 還是 people communicate. 而已?

2.形容詞子句不是只能用who that ...........等等 而已嗎?(還可以用別的喔?)

Update 6:

分詞構句不會用到關係代名詞,因為它是副詞性質,如果其邏輯上的主詞與主句相同,不必寫,如果不同,則必須寫出來。如

The day being fine, we decided to go swimming.(the day是分詞構句的主詞)

= Because the day was fine, we decided to go swimming.

這一句哪裡有用到關代?

Update 7:

2.= The invention of the Internet has greatly affected the way in which people communicate.

in which =in this way

which在該句的先行詞是way,所以which不是地點

可以用in是因為way的關係

(1.)in which =in this way這樣不是跟前面的句子產生重疊 前面已經有the way 了?

(2)所以in which 並不一定等於where?

(3)(我因為where所以覺得它引導的都是地方子句?)

Update 8:

3.The charge in oil prices has had a great impact on the world economy .

(1)這句前是省略 which / that was 嗎?(老實說我不太清楚要用 is 還是was?)

(2) 為何用現在完成?

Update 9:

抱歉!!! 問題那麼多!!!

真的很抱歉!!!

Update 10:

1.The charge in oil prices has had a great impact on the world economy

可是不是[油價的異動]

的 ?

分不清?

2.介系詞片語

介系詞+代名詞? ex:for me

Update 11:

3.The scenes that can be interesting to young adults.

(1)請問that~~~~ that不行拿掉?(因為拿掉不是完整的句子)

(2)簡化成片語只能後面是be動詞 跟一般動詞?(這句不能簡化?)

Update 12:

不能助動詞???

3 Answers

Rating
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    6 years ago
    Favorite Answer

    1.關代 可以省略?

    形容詞子句當限定用法的修飾語時,當作子句[受詞]的關係代名詞可以省略(省略通常是口語或非正式的文章在用,而且不得造成語意不清):

    I finally bought the chair I wanted.(可不加that/which)

    Where is the man you were talking to?(不必加whom在man之後)

    Do you remember the time (when) we drove the car to Paris?(關係副詞when可省略)

    I know a place where you can hide.(關係副詞不能省略)

    The reason why so many people caught the disease is still not clear.(關係副詞why不能省略)

    非限定用法的修飾語不可省略關係代名詞或關係副詞:

    She was with her husband, who I had already met.(可用主格的who或受格的whom)

    I went to the Louvre Museum, where the Mona Lisa is on display.

    2.who跟whom現在都可以用?(現在沒有區別了?)

    Who did you speak to?(單獨時,可用主格的who或受格的whom)

    To whom did you speak?(但緊跟在介系詞後時,只能用受格的whom)

    2014-01-30 23:49:11 補充:

    名詞子句的that是連接詞,有些狀況下是不能省略的,如:The fact that ....在名詞子句當限定性質的同位語時。It is ... that ...帶出當延遲主詞的名詞子句時,也不能省。名詞子句在當句子的主詞不能省略that。名詞子句在主要子句的受詞時,則可省略that。

    2014-01-31 15:22:00 補充:

    1.只有受格可以省?(名詞子句跟關代都一樣?)

    I believe (that) you are right.

    We are glad (that) you have finished the work ahead of time.

    Cindy said (that) she had finished her work, and that she woudl make the tea.

    以上名詞子句前的that是[連接詞],不是[關係代名詞]

    2014-01-31 15:22:10 補充:

    2.(名詞子句)那其他的也一樣? 也都可省? 如:who . which 等等

    Whoever buys this car will be very lucky.

    Nobody knows which came frist, the chicken or the egg.

    They don't remember when the exam is.

    I can't rely on what you tell us.

    以上名詞子句裡的關係代台名詞不可省

    2014-01-31 15:29:00 補充:

    3.為何介係詞後一定是受詞?這是規定?

    Success comes to whoever is ready for it.(to的受詞是整個名詞子句,帶先行詞的複合關係代名詞whoever是子句的主詞,必須為主格)

    Students for whom English is a second language should consider taking the course.

    whom屬介系詞for的受詞,必須用受格。

    我們說the man she lived with比the man with whom she lived自然(即省略whom,且把with放lived後面)

    2014-01-31 15:31:29 補充:

    Whom is only used in written English and in formal spoken English. Who is normally used as the object of a verb or preposition, but immediately after a prepositon whom is generally used.

    see p.1705 Macmillan English Dictionary for Advanced Learners

    2014-01-31 19:57:37 補充:

    Whom只在書面英文和正式的口語英語裡使用。通常用who來當動詞或介系詞的受詞,但是放在介系詞後面時,用whom。

    2014-02-01 18:43:18 補充:

    1.You push the floor number you want before you enter the elevator.

    這裡的you want前面是省略 which跟that嗎?

    是的。

    2014-02-01 18:44:27 補充:

    2.Passengers who go to the same floors are grouped together in one elevator.

    這裡的who ~~~~floors 因為是主格 如果拿到who 句子就不完整了 是嗎?

    who是形容詞子句的主詞,拿掉主詞,其動詞就變成主要子句主詞passengers的動詞了,但後面還有另一個主要動詞are。句子就亂了章法。

    2014-02-01 20:46:42 補充:

    Passengers who go to the same floors are grouped together in one elevator.

    關係代名詞who在關係子句(附屬子句)裡當主詞,其動詞是go

    主要子句的動詞是are

    你把關係代名詞拿掉後,原來的附屬子句動詞go就接到主要子句的主詞,把主詞搶走,主要子句的動詞就變成無頭蒼蠅了

    2014-02-01 20:50:09 補充:

    3.The invention of the Internet has greatly affected the way people communicate.

    = The invention of the Internet has greatly affected the way in which people communicate.

    除了關係代名詞,關係副詞外,形容詞子句還可以用別的方式帶出來,如in which(在子句裡的功能是修飾語)

    2014-02-02 18:52:19 補充:

    Passengers who go to the same floors are grouped together in one elevator.

    可以簡化成:

    Passengers going to the same floors are grouped together in one elevator.

    修飾語由形容詞子句,變成分詞片語

    是比較精簡的寫作方式

    2014-02-02 18:55:38 補充:

    in which =in this way

    which在該句的先行詞是way,所以which不是地點

    可以用in是因為way的關係

    你要看關係代名詞的先行詞內容來判斷介系詞是否合適

    2014-02-02 19:01:08 補充:

    為何使用分構 關代需省略?

    分詞構句不會用到關係代名詞,因為它是副詞性質,如果其邏輯上的主詞與主句相同,不必寫,如果不同,則必須寫出來。如

    The day being fine, we decided to go swimming.(the day是分詞構句的主詞)

    = Because the day was fine, we decided to go swimming.

    2014-02-03 16:42:22 補充:

    這一句哪裡有用到關代?

    我己經說了分詞構句[不會]用到關係代名詞

    你怎麼一直要找關係代名詞呢?

    本來就沒有的東西,誰找得到?

    2014-02-03 16:45:32 補充:

    (1.)in which =in this way這樣不是跟前面的句子產生重疊 前面已經有the way 了?

    關係代名詞which本來就是代替前面的名詞,以免重複

    我是為了說明,所以才寫in which = in this way

    並不是表示你可以把關係代名詞which換成this way,否則關係子句就不成立了。

    2014-02-03 16:49:11 補充:

    (2)所以in which 並不一定等於where?

    which代替先行詞

    先行詞是指一個場所時,in which才可換成關係副詞where

    way=方法時,就不是where了。

    2014-02-03 16:54:58 補充:

    3.The charge in oil prices has had a great impact on the world economy .

    (1)這句前是省略 which / that was 嗎?(老實說我不太清楚要用 is 還是was?)

    (2) 為何用現在完成?

    這是一個簡單句,用了兩個介系詞片語當[修飾語]

    in oil prices

    on the world economy

    沒有用到關係子句的必要,所以沒有省略的問題

    has had是現在完成式,表示迄今有效。

    charge可能是change打字錯了?

    2014-02-04 19:35:32 補充:

    1.The change in oil prices .. =石油的價格變動..

    不要一個字對一個字從中文去寫英文

    2.for me也是介系詞片語

    3.The scenes that can be interesting to young adults.

    這不是完整句,因為沒有主要動詞

    要把that拿掉,讓can be當句子的主要動詞。

    請在[意見欄]提新的問題,我才不會漏掉回應。謝謝。

    2014-02-05 19:32:44 補充:

    1.要把that拿掉,讓can be當句子的主要動詞。

    您的意思是可以拿掉嗎???

    that是不應該出現在那個句子裡的字

    不是可以拿掉

    2014-02-05 19:33:58 補充:

    2.簡化成分詞片語一定要後面是一般動詞跟be動詞???

    不能助動詞???

    句子不能只靠[助動詞]成句,所以不會有你提的這種狀況。

    2014-02-05 19:37:05 補充:

    1.The charge in oil prices has had a great impact on the world economy

    這裡的charge(收費)應該是change(變動)打錯了字。

    因為charge不會跟介系詞in,而是to

    整句的意思就改變了

    全句的意思是:油價的變動對世界經濟己經造成很大的衝擊。

    2014-02-06 22:25:59 補充:

    (名詞子句)Be動詞跟連接詞後的that可以省略不寫?

    我沒聽過上面這種說法。願聞其詳。

    2014-02-07 18:41:19 補充:

    Microsoft is a very huge company which owns thousands of employees.

    句子抄錯了,後面的形容詞子句不會寫成that it。

    A producer makes industrial products. Microsoft好像只是軟體程式的供應者,並不製造任何硬體,沒有products,所以不能稱它為producer。

    2014-02-07 18:53:39 補充:

    http://tw.knowledge.yahoo.com/question/question?qi...

    這個網址上的問題,我已經上去表達意見,不便在這裡討論。

    2014-02-08 16:39:49 補充:

    2. I know a place where you can hide.

    這裡的hide是當不及物動詞用

    拿掉where後,hide就成了[及物動詞],I know a place (that) you can hide.(因為只有當子句受詞的關係代名詞可省略,所以不見的應該是that/which)

    a place是一個可以被你藏起來的東西嗎?

    拿去where後,句子不是你想像的那個意思:我知道你藏的地方。

    2014-02-08 16:45:49 補充:

    你所說的[不會造成句意不清]是你的認知問題。

    你對句子結構是否完整的判斷,常常是錯的。可能還需要多學習句構,才會培養出正確的判讀成能力。

    It is xxxx that xxx.是一個固定的句型(分裂句型:cleft sentence),不可能拿掉後面的that。

    2014-02-10 09:06:59 補充:

    I know a place where you can hide.

    =

    I know a place.+

    You can hide there.(hide是不及物動詞用法)

    there在第二句是當[述部的修飾語],即:我知道一個地方可以讓你躲在那裡。

    那裡=where(關係副詞)

    這跟我給你一個東西讓你(把它)藏起來的狀況不同。

    I'll give you something which you can hide.(hide是及物動詞用法;而which是關係代名詞)

    2014-02-10 09:13:26 補充:

    I know a place (that) you can hide.

    括號中用關係代名詞that是錯誤的。

    沒有that後,句子還是錯的。

    因為兩句的上下文會讓hide成為及物動詞,造成句意錯誤:你把地方藏起來!?。

    2014-02-10 16:04:04 補充:

    I'll give you something which you can hide.

    which 可省

    因為關係代名詞which是當關係子句動詞hide的受詞

    句意=我將給你一些可以藏起來的東西。

    2014-02-11 21:33:54 補充:

    hide是可以兩用的動詞,可以及物也可以不及物,不及物時,藏起來的是它的主詞,及物時,藏起來的是它的受詞。所以你組合句子時,如果在hide的後面放上名詞或代名詞,就會形成及物的關係,但放副詞時,則還保持不及物的狀況。如果你對英語的認知還不到這個階段,只好等時間化解吧!

    2014-02-11 21:40:21 補充:

    為何關代當受詞可省略?(有原理嗎?)

    非限定的關係子句 為何不能省?(有原理嗎?)

    我不知道你所指的[原理]是什麼。語言只有原則,沒有原理。

    為何我們可以恢復健康,郤要恢復疲勞?中華隊可以大敗日本隊,也可以大勝日本隊?好像找不到原理,因為兩者的語意有矛盾,總該有一個是錯的。

    2014-02-13 08:54:06 補充:

    prisoner是指在犯了罪被關在監獄的人,中文的囚犯,就是標明了這兩個意思。

    criminal是指違反政府法律的人,犯了罪,所以稱罪犯,與宗教上所謂的sinner(罪人)意思不同。

    jet lag指感到時差的快速改變而不舒服,坐牛車沒有比坐噴射機快,就不會有這種感覺了。語言是不斷在演進的,不時會有新名詞出現。你是眾所注目的新聞記者時,也許就可以創造出來。

    2014-02-13 08:55:48 補充:

    為何現在很多人不稱[專家],而要採用日本語的[達人]?

    2014-02-14 09:07:23 補充:

    http://oald8.oxfordlearnersdictionaries.com/dictio...

    2014-02-14 09:08:49 補充:

    http://oald8.oxfordlearnersdictionaries.com/dictio...

    2014-02-14 09:09:37 補充:

    http://oald8.oxfordlearnersdictionaries.com/dictio...

    2014-02-14 09:10:35 補充:

    http://oald8.oxfordlearnersdictionaries.com/dictio...

    2014-02-14 09:14:03 補充:

    問人不如查字典。字典是最可靠的老師。沒有人是能夠萬事通的。你問了我的問題,如果我不會,就會去查字典。你也可以這麼做,多查幾本字典,常常可以解決你的問題。

    school等字不能加冠詞是錯誤的前提。

    • Commenter avatarLogin to reply the answers
  • Anonymous
    6 years ago

    但後面還有另一個主要動詞are

    甚麼意思?

    2014-02-01 20:27:25 補充:

    3.The invention of the Internet has greatly affected the way people communicate.

    1.形容詞子句是 the way~~~~people communicate. 還是 people communicate. 而已?

    2.形容詞子句不是只能用who that ...........等等 而已嗎?(還可以用別的喔?)

    那這一題呢???????

    感謝~~!!!!

    2014-02-02 17:43:08 補充:

    Passengers who go to the same floors are grouped together in one elevator.

    那可以把它變成片語嗎?

    變成:Passengers going to the same floors are grouped together in one elevator.

    2014-02-02 17:46:18 補充:

    3.The invention of the Internet has greatly affected the way people communicate.

    = The invention of the Internet has greatly affected the way in which people communicate.

    in which 不是=where 嗎? 這樣不是很奇怪?

    它又不是地方?

    還有它是從哪冒出來的啊?

    2014-02-02 17:47:01 補充:

    為何使用分構 關代需省略?

    2014-02-05 16:30:41 補充:

    1.要把that拿掉,讓can be當句子的主要動詞。

    您的意思是可以拿掉嗎???

    2.簡化成分詞片語一定要後面是一般動詞跟be動詞???

    不能助動詞???

    3.另外我想請問您 名詞子句不能簡化成名詞片語時 一定要助動詞??

    EX:how he could ride = how to ride a bike.

    一定要助動詞??(could)

    不能換成其他的??(比如:be動詞之類的.....)

    2014-02-05 16:32:26 補充:

    1.The charge in oil prices has had a great impact on the world economy

    可是不是[油價的異動]

    的 ?

    分不清?

    不要一個字對一個字從中文去寫英文

    不懂??

    2014-02-06 16:13:55 補充:

    (名詞子句)Be動詞跟連接詞後的that可以省略不寫?

    謝謝~~

    2014-02-07 16:55:29 補充:

    http://tw.knowledge.yahoo.com/question/question?qi...

    上面的網址 想請教大師他說的是否對??

    2014-02-07 17:19:25 補充:

    想請教一下這一題

    1.Microsoft is a very huge company that it owns thousands of employees.

    A) organization

    B) container

    C) operation

    D) producer

    為什麼不能選 D) ?

    第一題 把可以把 company 換成?為什麼不能選 D) ?

    微軟是組織?

    (一樣在知識+看到的)(可是我不喜歡他的回答)

    (他說因為D)的主詞是 人)(所以只能選A))

    可是producer也可以是指 製造商 啊??

    2014-02-08 16:15:44 補充:

    名詞子句在當delayed subject or delayed object時,不宜省that:

    It is unfortunate that you can't go with us.

    延遲就不能省?

    為何?

    它是個完整的句子ㄝ??

    2014-02-08 16:27:30 補充:

    2. I know a place where you can hide.(關係副詞不能省略)

    可是拿掉where 又不會造成 句意不清??

    (我知道你藏的地方)

    3.非限定的關係子句 為何不能省?.(又不會造成 句意不清??)

    2014-02-09 19:28:47 補充:

    I know a place (that) you can hide.(因為只有當子句受詞的關係代名詞可省略,所以不見的應該是that/which)

    我不明白您的意思??

    您不是說不能省嗎??

    在下資質愚鈍 需要您多多指點!!!

    謝謝,您的耐心

    2014-02-10 15:33:35 補充:

    I'll give you something which you can hide.

    which 可省?

    2014-02-11 19:53:57 補充:

    為何關代當受詞可省略?(有原理嗎?)

    非限定的關係子句 為何不能省?(有原理嗎?)

    2014-02-11 20:10:06 補充:

    . I know a place where you can hide.

    這裡的hide是當不及物動詞用

    拿掉where後,hide就成了[及物動詞],I know a place (that) you can hide.(因為只有當子句受詞的關係代名詞可省略,所以不見的應該是that/which)

    a place是一個可以被你藏起來的東西嗎?

    拿去where後,句子不是你想像的那個意思:我知道你藏的地方。

    還是有點不懂??

    2014-02-12 20:28:24 補充:

    所以 關代當受詞可省略 / 非限定的關係子句不能省只是因為母語人士這樣用?

    2014-02-12 20:38:38 補充:

    不好意思 !! 我想問一下 prisoner(囚犯) / criminals(罪犯) 有什麼差?

    jet lag (這是慣用法?一定要用 jet (噴射機) ?)

    2014-02-13 21:04:11 補充:

    1.那

    turtle dove (斑鳩)

    一個字

    我查網路上 一個字 兩個字 都有人寫?

    可是 我查我的電子辭典 dove 上面只有寫 鴿子(沒有斑鳩)

    2.另外 jail 跟 prison 有差嗎?

    3為什麼 school / prison/ hell /heaven 前不能加冠詞?

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  • 6 years ago

    1.關代 可以省略?(不是只有that可以省?)

    → 1. 先行詞為受格狀態時,可以省略

    例: the man who you are talking to is a thief

    可以省略成 the man you are talking to is a thief

    → 2. 分詞構句時,需省略

    例:begging for food on the street, the man is in poverty

    原句有兩個

    1. the man is begging on the street.

    2. the man is in poverty

    使用分詞構句寫法,變成上面的第一個句子也不會有關代

    → 3. where和 what 包含了關代

    what 等於 the thing which

    where 等於 in which

    --------------------------

    2.who跟whom現在都可以用?(現在沒有區別了?)

    有道是:who等於whom, 但是whom不等於who

    為甚麼呢?

    whom 是 關代who 的受格

    所以舉例而言:

    the man who you are talking to is a thief

    這句也可以寫成

    the man whom you are talking to is a thief

    也可以如第一題不寫

    但是如果先行詞不是受格的時候

    who不可用whom代替

    以上

    Source(s): 本科
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