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R.Q. asked in Arts & HumanitiesHistory · 6 years ago

why did liberia and ethiopia remain independent in africa?

why did liberia and ethiopia remain independent in africa?

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  • 6 years ago
    Favorite Answer

    Liberia had been set up by USA as a country for freed slaves,so was effectively a US colony anyway.

    Ethiopia was generally regarded as off limits to imperialism,as it had been a Christian kingdom for well over 1000 years ( a major pretext for European imperialism in Africa was to spread Christianity).

    An Italian invasion of Ethiopia was decisively defeated in 1896,Italy being forced to sign a treaty recognizing Ethiopia as an independent,sovereign country.Britain and Russia supplied the Ethiopian army (which was much larger than the invading Italian force) with modern artillery and rifles,and the Ethiopian emperor Menelek II was an able military commander.

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  • yau
    Lv 4
    4 years ago

    Why Was Ethiopia Able To Remain Independent

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  • Anonymous
    5 years ago

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  • 6 years ago

    The Ethiopian Empire was well established and had a strong army. What is now Eritrea but was part of Ethiopia was briefly under Italian control in 1893. However the terms of the treaty in Amharic differed from the Italian version and Italy was defeated in battle in 1893. Mussolini invaded in 1833, but a true colony was never established.

    Some Africans regarded the establishment of Liberia and the influx of freed slaves as colonisation and despised the new arrivals, who had acquired some strange 'western' habits and ideas. The fact that they were black made no difference.

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  • 6 years ago

    Ethiopia was briefly occupied by the Italians, however, they never truly gained control of the country. Ethiopia was very well guarded by its environment and surrounding empires, which played a key role in warding off European invaders. Ethiopians were also very resistant and successful in defeating European powers.

    Liberia was established by the USA as a place where free slaves could travel to and establish their own government. It became an independent nation and was protected by the USA against Europeans.

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  • wjstix
    Lv 5
    6 years ago

    It probably helped that Ethiopia was very far away from where slaves were being captured and being shipped from - west coast sites in today's Gabon, Cameroon, Nigeria, etc. Slavery existed in North Africa and the Arab Middle East (in some cases into the 20th century) but virtually all black slaves sent to the US had come from west-central Africa.

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  • Debra
    Lv 4
    4 years ago

    For the best answers, search on this site https://shorturl.im/avr56

    The Scramble for Africa, also known as the Race for Africa or Partition of Africa was a process of invasion, occupation, colonization and annexation of African territory by European powers during the New Imperialism period, between 1881 and World War I in 1914. As a result of the heightened tension between European states in the last quarter of the 19th century, the partitioning of Africa may be seen as a way for the Europeans to eliminate the threat of a Europe-wide war over Africa. The last 59 years of the 19th century saw transition from "informal imperialism" of control through military influence and economic dominance to that of direct rule. Attempts to mediate imperial competition, such as the Berlin Conference (1884–85), failed to establish definitively the competing powers' claims.[citation needed] Many African polities, states and rulers (such as the Ashanti, the Abyssinians, the Moroccans, the Somalis, the Benin Empire and the Zulus) sought to resist this wave of European aggression.However, the industrial revolution had provided the European armies with advanced weapons such as machine guns, which African armies found difficult to resist (with the exception of the Abyssinians, who were indeed successful).Also, unlike their European counterparts, African rulers, states and people did not at first form a continental united front although within a few years, a Pan-African movement did emerge: the first Pan-African Conference was held in London in 1900.

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  • 6 years ago

    what Robin siad

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