Anonymous
Anonymous asked in 社會與文化語言 · 6 years ago

兩個句子問題(My treat跟You should ~~)

1.You should follow a good tour guide when (which)you take a trip to some place you have never been to.

(1)上面那是甚麼句啊?(adj.子句還是 N子句?)when (which)you take a trip to some place you have never been to.

(2)如果是adj.子句為什麼要有which啊?不是由when所引導嗎?

(3)為何可省略?which

2.My treat(我請客)

為何是用my?(我的請客?)

為何不適用I treat ?

Update:

還有分關係副詞跟關係代名詞喔?那是甚麼?

Update 2:

那個

既然which是關係代名詞

它可以省略?

Update 3:

形容詞子句 不是只有that可以省略嗎?

who, whom, that, which都可以省?

Update 4:

非限定用法裡,不可省

為何不可省啊?

Update 5:

所以who, whom, that, which都可以省?

還是指下面講的用法才可省?

Update 6:

我還以為只有that可以省呢!!

2 Answers

Rating
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    6 years ago
    Favorite Answer

    1.You should follow a good tour guide when (which) you take a trip to some place you have never been to.

    (1)上面那是甚麼句啊?(adj.子句還是 N子句?)when (which)you take a trip to some place you have never been to.

    when後面的是副詞子句,所以只能用關係副詞when來帶出子句當述部的修飾語:提供時機:當你到一個從來都沒去過的地方旅行時,應該跟一個好的導遊去。

    which是關係代名詞,不能用來代替關係副詞when。 這個括號跟裡面的文字放錯位置了(應放在place的後面)。

    (2)如果是adj.子句為什麼要有which啊?不是由when所引導嗎?

    己說明如上。

    (3)為何可省略?which

    己說明如上。

    在本句的名詞place後面省略了一個which(因為關係代名詞是關係子句的受詞時,常可省略)。you have never been to是形容詞子句,修飾先行詞place。

    2.My treat(我請客)

    為何是用my?(我的請客?)

    為何不適用I treat ?

    因為是省略後的結果:(I'd like this lunch to be) my treat.

    treat是名詞。

    I'll treat you to dinner at an expensive restaurant.

    treat是及物動詞。

    2014-01-27 09:48:24 補充:

    when, where 可當關係副詞

    Sunday is the day when I am least busy.

    This is the village where I was born

    who, whom, that, which可當關係代名詞

    The man whom you believed was trustworthy.

    2014-01-27 20:21:30 補充:

    限定用法裡,關係代名詞在關係子句裡當受詞時,可省略。

    如:Where is the man you were talking to?

    不必說成:Where is the man whom you were talking to?

    但非限定用法裡,不可省:

    I was asked to write an article about Martin Luther King, whom I once met at a meeting in Alabama.

    2014-01-27 20:23:33 補充:

    that當關係代名詞時,是用在限定用法,但which可用在限定及非限定(只要加上逗號即可表示非限定)。所以當限定用時,which也可省略。

    2014-01-27 20:25:38 補充:

    修飾語和同位語都會分[限定]及[非限定],非限定時,都會使用逗號。

    限定時,是將先行詞及與其同位的那個名詞的範圍加以約束。

    2014-01-28 10:54:27 補充:

    what可以當主詞,受詞,當補語,當帶有先行詞的關係代名詞:

    What do you want?這裡的what是疑問代名詞當動詞的受詞。

    What is this?這裡的what是疑問代名詞,當主詞補語。

    This is just what I want.這裡的what是帶先行詞的關係代名詞,用來帶出名詞子句當主句的主詞補語。

    2014-01-28 10:55:33 補充:

    What you want is none of my business.這裡的what也是帶先行詞的關係代名詞,帶出名詞子句當主句的主詞。

    He is not what he was.這裡的what是關係子句裡的主詞補語。

    What is more, he was awarded he grand prix.帶出插入語。

    以上取材自<新世紀英漢辭典>p.1576

  • 6 years ago

    Louis

    能介紹一下what嗎

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