Disgusting little trainwrecks. Eye and breathing problems are far from the only problems.....
A not-quite-friend of mine used to breed them.
"Due to his extremely flat face (brachycephalic) and round, bulging eyes, the eyes have very little protection and are prone to injuries (Brachycephalic ocular syndrome) – causes chronic irritation and pain.
Having a wrinkly face means that the skin folds can collect dirt and infections, particularly the over nose. Skinfold wrinkles can sometimes also rub on the eyes causing irritation.
Again, due to the lack of length of muzzle and small nostrils, pugs can suffer with Brachycephalic obstructive airway syndrome, causing chronic discomfort and exercise intolerance - if not treated, this can lead to laryngeal collapse.
The Pug’s screw tail is caused by Hemivertebrae (a deformity characterised by wedge-shaped bones – if elsewhere in the spine it can cause paralysis)
The Pug’s face and tail shape limits his ability to signal to other dogs."
"Brachycephalic obstructive airway syndrome (BOAS) (the shortened skull and elongated palate affects the ability to breathe and exercise intolerance)
Hemivertebrae (wedge shaped vertebra – in some dogs causes hind leg weakness, spinal pain, paralysis)
Atopy (sensitivity to pollens and other protein substances, causing intense itching and sometimes skin trauma)
Skin fold dermatitis (around the tight screw tail and facial folds)
Patellar luxation (slipping kneecap)
Legg-Calve-Perthes disease (developmental disease of the head of the femur, causing pain and lameness)
Hypothyroid (underactivity of the thyroid gland causing lethargy, weight gain and hair loss)
Distichiasis (double row of eyelashes)
Dry eye (Keratoconjunctivitis sicca)
Dystocia (birthing difficulties)
Cancer (including canine cutaneous histiocytoma and mast cell tumours)
Intervertebral disc disease (causing pain, weakness or paralysis of the hind quarters)"
· 5 years ago