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Explain the 'Splendor of Versailles'. What was it, how many people could live there, and what cultural impact did it have on France?
Explain the Persecution of Huguenots. Who were they, why did he persecute them, what effect did the revocation of the Edict of Nantes have on France?
- ANGELALv 77 years agoFavorite Answer
The splendor of Versailles Palace
The spectacular Chateaux of Versailles is one of the premier illustrations of 18th-centuryFrench art and architecture in existence. To get to grips with this stunning milestone in French history you can choose from various different sorts of Versailles tours.But before giving details of the available Versailles tours, here is a bit more information about the attraction. Originally a simple hunting lodge, Versailles was greatly expanded by King Louis Fourteenth, who shifted his seat of power to Versailles from Paris in 1682.With its lavish interiors adorned with murals, woodwork and gold, the
Palace of Versailles has become renowned for indulgence.
“Must see” points of interest included on the majority of Versailles tours are the Hall of
Mirrors, the Royal Apartments, the Opera, the Trianon Palaces and the beautiful grounds.There are a lot of exciting ways to visit the Palace and its grounds. These tours
can transport you by bike, Citroen Deux Cheveux, or deluxe coach; or you could soar over it by helicopter. You could take a VIP guided tour with sparkling wine and a gourmet lunch, or discover the site on your own with an entertaining audio-guide. You can combine the Palace with other Paris tourist hotspots such as the Eiffel Tower or a river cruise, or, for a day of aesthetic indulgence, take the tour that visits the Chateau and Claude Monet’s garden in Giverny.
Because an estimated 400,000 French Calvinists exiled themselves from France as a result of this rekigious persecution. The Huguenots were noted for being industrious, skilled and dedicated craftsmen and artisans and any nation that took them in was blessed by having them as citizens.
Protestants in France were very often astute businessmen, belonged to the richer classes, or had varied practical or technical skills as artisans. The revocation of the Edict of Nantes caused large numbers of them to flee to other protestant countries and establish themselves there, weakening the French economy in favour of that of the nations that received them: England and its colonies like Virginia and South Carolina, Germany , Switzerland, Holland and its colonies (New Amsterdam is now New York and New Jersey). France lost approximately 300.000 exiles, the majority being artisans and members of the bourgeoisie who took as much as possible of their wealth, their trade, their industry and their skills with them. Therefore the revocation of the treaty created a drain of resources and skilled labour in France, and caused a notable impoverishment to the country as a whole. It was a gross error and le loss of these people who wanted to continue practising their religion turned out to be the gain of the countries that sheltered them and the loss of their fatherland.
The Edict of Nantes gave religious freedom to Protestants in Catholic France. It was enacted by Henri IV to end religious wars, but by the time Louis XIV became king, the Protestants had acquired quite a bit of power in France, despite the fact that it was still considered a Catholic country. It is not certain exactly why Louis revoked the Edict. For some time, historians believed that Louis XIV's second wife, Madame de Maintenon, was responsible for goading Louis to revoke the Edict, but this theory has lost some credence of late. It is now believed that Louis XIV could have revoked the Edict to placate the Catholic Church, angry over the many restrictions that the king had placed on the church. Also, the Turks had been defeated in the Austro-Turkish war in which France had remained neutral, so some feel he may have been trying to restore prestige to France with the other European Catholic nations. Finally, when he was crowned king, he vowed to end heresy in France (France had been plagued by decades of religious wars between Catholics and Protestants), so this also could have been a reason. Louis had made life miserable for Protestants in France prior to evoking the Edict of Nantes. Many of them had left for other countries. In France, Catholics were forbidden to marry Protestants, and the Protestants were not allowed to hold positions in court, among other restrictive policies.