潘朵拉 asked in 社會與文化語言 · 7 years ago

They've got nobody to rely on.

They've got nobody to rely on.

看不懂這個句型?

Update:

只是為什麼要用have got=現在完成式?

又為什麼用get這個動詞,,

那這樣寫對嗎?

There is nobody to rely on.

4 Answers

Rating
  • 羅莉
    Lv 7
    7 years ago
    Favorite Answer

    They've got nobody to rely on.

    他們沒有人可以依靠.

    換做中文習慣說法---> 他們無依無靠.

    句型: S+V+O+OC

    to rely on是受詞補語(OC)

    nobody是rely on的受詞.

    rely是不及物動詞, 需與介系詞on或upon搭配, 才可以有受詞.

    類似片語:

    somebody to call on 某個要拜訪的人

    nothing to worry about 沒啥要擔憂的事

    any project to carry out 任何要實現的計畫

    something to be proud of 某件引以為榮的事

    如果to V這個V是及物動詞, 就不需要加介系詞了, 例如:

    nobody to trust 無人可信任

    nothing to eat 沒東西可吃

    any porblem to solve 任何要解決的問題

    2014-01-05 17:53:58 補充:

    本句並不是非用現在完成式不可, 而是什麼時態都可以, 看你的時間背景而使用.

    have got是指到現在為止的情況.

    They never get anybody to rely on. (不變的事實)

    They got nobody to rely on when they lost everything. (過去的狀況)

    They were getting nobody to rely on when I saw them. (過去某時點的持續狀況)

    2014-01-05 17:54:12 補充:

    They will get nobody to rely on if they keep their mind closed. (未來條件)

    They had got nobody to rely on before they met James. (到過去某時點為止的狀況)

    ......等等.

    2014-01-05 17:57:29 補充:

    >There is nobody to rely on.

    這樣寫主詞是nobody, 單看這句看不出是誰無依無靠

    但從前後文可以判知.

    Source(s): 羅莉 + 英文文法
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  • Beth
    Lv 7
    7 years ago

    I've got = I have

    這是習慣用法. 跟現在完成式沒什麼關係.

    They've got nobody to rely on.

    = They don't have anybody to rely on.

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  • BEN
    Lv 7
    7 years ago

    They've got nobody to rely on.

    應該就是中文裡的:有......可以......

    這句話是 他們沒有半個人可以依靠。

    其他例句如:They finally got something to eat. 他們終於有東西可以吃了

    I finally got a book to read. 我終於有書可以讀了

    He finally got someone to talk to. 他終於有人可以跟他聊天了

    希望對你有所幫助嚕

    2014-01-05 10:50:45 補充:

    用have got 主要是強調,有點像是中文說他們現在「已經」沒人可以依靠了。

    如果沒有要強調,也可以只說 They got no one to rely on. 但是語氣就會減弱

    至於為什麼要用got

    我覺得是習慣用法,這樣用會比較道地。

    至於你說的There is nobody to rely on. (沒有人可以依靠)

    這樣就看不出主詞是誰,是我、是你,還是別人無依無靠

    句子本身的文法可能沒有錯,但句意不清,聽起來也不那麼道地。

    Source(s): 自己
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  • Anonymous
    7 years ago

    I have nothing to do.

    與此句型一樣

    have got=現在完成式

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