Th critical events in the 1850's that contributed to the outbreak of the Civil War in 1861.?
Discuss the critical events in the 1850's that contributed to the outbreak of the civil war in 1861.
- JayLv 76 years agoFavorite Answer
1850: California becomes the thirty first state and enters the Union as a free state.
Harriet Beecher Stowe publishes Uncle Tom's Cabin as a response to the pro-slavery movement.
The Kansas-Nebraska Act passes Congress and thus overturns the Missouri Compromise opening the Northern territory to slavery. Both sides begin to send settlers into the areas in an effort to influence the future status of these areas.
As Kansas prepares for elections thousands of Border Ruffians from Missouri enter the territory in an effort to influence the election. This begins the Bloody Kansas period with duplicate constitutional conventions, separate elections and constant and violent attacks.
Massachusetts Senator Charles Sumner delivers a speech attacking slavery supporters in the Senate. He singles out Senator Andrew Butler of South Carolina in his speech. Two days later, South Carolina Representative Preston Brooks, Butler's nephew, attacks Sumner on the Senate floor and beats him with a cane. The House did not expel or censure Brooks for the attack, Sumner took three years to recover.
Congress passes the Tariff of 1857 lowering rates to the lowest level since 1812 to 20%, this is very unpopular in the North and praised in the South.
March - Dred Scott Decision - The Supreme Court rules in Scott v. Sandford that blacks are not U.S. citizens, and slaveholders have the right to take existing slaves into free areas of the county.
Minnesota becomes the thirty second state and enters the Union as a free state in 1858.
Oregon becomes the thirty third state and enters the Union as a free state in 1859.
October - John Brown attacks Harpers Ferry, Virginia. Robert E. Lee, then a Federal Army regular leads the troops and captures Brown. John Brown and two of the black members of his band were hanged.