help with world history homework please?

i need help with some world history homework its a little difficult for me (im a little on the dumb side) can any one please help.

Questions

1how did the Romans government change from the time of Etruscan to Augustus Caesar?

2 how might Roman roads have helped to foster cultural diffusion

3describe a conflict between nations that has occurred in the recent past and explain the ways in which it is similar to conflicts between the Romans and other peoples of the Mediterranean region.

4What was the basis of the religious controversy between Jesus' followers and some of the Jews in Palestine? how might this division have furthered Christianity's evolution as a separate religion?

5 which half of the roman empire would have benefited most by becoming politically separate from the other?

anything would be appreciated thank you

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  • 7 years ago
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    1. Etruscans were not actually Latin/Roman, they were a confederation of non-Latin tribes(chiefdoms) living in the central Italy. The Etruscans had achieved a state system of society. In this they were different from the surrounding Italics, who had chiefs and tribes. Rome was in a sense the first Italic state, but it began as an Etruscan one. It is believed that the Etruscan government style changed from total monarchy to oligarchic republic (as the Roman Republic) in the 6th century BC, with some elements of theocracy with authority over all tribal and clan organizations. On the other hand the city state of Rome was an elective monarchy from 753BC-509BC, kings were elected after the death of the previous king by the senate. The system was replaced with a republic head by two consul elected annually by citizens, based on principles of separation of power, checks and balance, and a complex constitution. After 133BC, there was a crisis which lead to rise of dictators such as Julius Caesar and Octavian. Octavian became very autocratic and shift the government to an Empire, and changed his name to Augustus.

    2.Hmm, I'd say, roads maintain movements of armies, merchants, and civilians; with more trades and movements, the Roman life style spread around the Mediterranean regions, and vice versa, other cultures impacted the Roman life.

    3. Hmmm in short, Romans were practicing imperialism. They invaded lands belonging to other nations similar to the age of discovery which lead to rise of British Empire, the French Empire, Spain, the Portuguese, Ottomans. You can elaborate that!

    4. Blasphemy! (your teacher may not like this one) During the 1st century CE, Judea was occupied by the Romans. Jews were not united and were divided into 4 main sects (Pharisians. Saduccees, Hellenized Jews and Samaritans) and 3 mini sects (Essenes, Zealous, and the early Christians). Judaism believes in a strict monotheism, the idea of trinity, personification, and the idea of Jesus as a messiah/lord was considered as blasphemy by most Jewish priests. Later on Paul--born Jewish--converted to new faith, he stood against the ritualism in Judaism and the early Christianity; Paul's theology of the gospel accelerated the separation of the messianic sect of Christians from Judaism, a development contrary to Paul's own intent. He wrote that faith in Christ was alone decisive in salvation for Jews and Gentiles alike, making the schism between the followers of Christ and mainstream Jews inevitable and permanent. He argued that Gentile converts did not need to become Jews, get circumcised, follow Jewish dietary restrictions, or otherwise observe Mosaic laws to be saved.

    5. The Eastern half benefited, within 100 or so after the separation the Western half was destroyed after constant raids by the Germanic tribes. Eastern half (Byzantines), while they were mostly Greek, hold the title of the Roman Empire for about 1000 years after fall of Rome.

    Source(s): Grad student
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