Explain "il y a un garcon" to me? - French?
Apparently this means "there is a boy." But can someone break it down for me? By my understanding,
il = he
y = "there is" (according to this app)
a = has (he "has")
un garcon = a boy
So this seems like it should be "He there is a boy." Why is "il" at the beginning at all?
Actually, sounds like "He there is has a boy". I would love this explained.
- InselstrickenLv 77 years agoFavorite Answer
/ il y a/ is a fixed expression meaning there is or there are
so, you can say - il y a un garçon dehors - there's a boy outside
il y a cinq garçons chez nous - there are 5 boys in our house
notice that it is garçon and not garcon
using the same expression
breakdown - il , personal pronoun, = it or he
y, pronoun = there
a, third person singular of avoir - has
so yes, you can break it down to /there it has/ or / it has there/ but just accept it as a fixed expression, meaning there is or there are. You will encounter many more fixed expressions, idioms etc as you go on learning French. A really good grammar book would be a huge help to you - phone apps are pretty simplistic and often wrong [ as is google translate, be very wary of it]
- こんにちはLv 67 years ago
You can't translate some things word for word.
il = in this case, this means "it" not "he"
y = there
a = has
un = a
garcon = boy
it has there a boy <-- sounds weird in English, that's why it's just translated as "there is a boy"
- BBagwindsLv 77 years ago
When translating, you have to realize that some expressions are idiomatic; i.e., you can't and don't translate them word for word. "Il y a" is translated as "there is" whenever you see it.