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cambodia vs. thailand?

doing a project on cambodia and thailand. here are some questions I need to address:

-Short summary of the two countries’ political development (in the past 50 years,

focusing mainly on the past 15 years).

-Political Ideology (define the form of government - is it a democracy, a theocracy?), and the

economic system (capitalism, socialism, communism, etc) or in more general terms define the

political tendency of the current government, does it contrast with what is going in neighboring

countries and with the country’s history? (leftist government, rightist, populist...). In other

words, what are the doctrines the current government is based on?

-Level of political risk

-Role of Politics (the importance of the political environment on the country compared to other

environments)

-Stability of government

-Relationship with other countries

-Common law vs. civil law

-Bribery, Corruption (Transparency International’s Corruption Perceptions Index )

1 Answer

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  • 8 years ago
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    Cambodia ---

    Political development -- it was a Kingdom up until March1970 with Prince Norodom Sihanouk as the Prime Minister. It was a Capitalist country and attempted to remain politically neutral in the Second Indochina (Vietnam) War.

    In March 1970 the US-sponsored coup took place and Marshall Lon Nol took Cambodia into the Second Indochina War. The government was a right-wing military dictatorship. It changed from being an exporting country to being an importer of rice and other goods.

    April 1975 the country fell to the Khmer Rouge and the country was plunged into a "communist economy" without any preparations and the country fell into despair and ruin.

    January 1979 -- the Vietnamese invaded Cambodia and installed the Heng Samrin government and the country became "socialist" in economic terms and was ruled by a more tolerant communist government. It took over 5-6 years to return to a country that was stable economically and was exporting comfortably by 1992. Politically is moved from being somewhat paraniod to being more open and people were able to visit even from mid 1979 onwards but locals and foreigners could not openly mix until the mid 1980's.

    June 1993 was the UN sponsored elections and the government was mostly the communist CPP which had ruled since 1979 but it also included a number of "Royalists". The country became a "kingdom" again under King Norodom Sihanouk who was the "Head of State'. The government was headed by Hun Sen as Prime Minister. Life in the country is open and fairly free athough the Hun Sen government have cracked down on several of the opposition political parties especially the "Sam Rainsy Party" and to some extent on the Royalist "Funcinpec" party.

    Cambodia has good relations with most countries although there is always the conflict with Thailand over the Preah Vihear temples on the Thai-Cambodian border which has been going on since 1945 or earlier.

    Bribery and corruption are rife in Cambodia. I cannot truly talk about the legal system.

    Thailand.

    Declared War on the US during WW-2 although the Thai Ambassador refused to hand over the declaration. After WW-2 it became a US sattelite nation with a right-wing government, sometimes ultra right-wing, which it has basically had until the present day, It is a Kingdom with the King as Head of State. The current king killed his older brother in 1946 to gain the thone but it is something one does not talk about. It is a capitalist country with a somewhat stable government.

    Source(s): A former TV news cameraman and journalist with over 30 years in the industry in Australia and Southeast Asia. Currently a retired SE Asian historian.
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