Historical Events that happend on the 14th?
.. Please help its for a project
- 6 years agoBest Answer
Here is a list of information that might help you out a bit
The most notable historic events, in my opinion, would be the Black Plague (Black Death), the Renaissance (1350's-1550's), and the Hundred Years War.
Hope this helps!
I. The Hundred Years War (1337-1453)
England, 1327: Edward III becomes king
France, 1328: Philippe VI (de Valois) ignores better claim of Edward of England, ascends throne
1337: Edward claims French throne, war begins
B. Major Battles
Crécy, 26 Aug. 1346: English bowmen defeat a far superior force led by Philippe VI; French losses (ca. 11,000, incl. 1,200 knights) exceed entire English army.
Poitiers, 19 Sept. 1356: 6,000 English under Edward the Black Prince vs. 20,500 French under King Jean II; bowmen throw French chivalry into confusion, English mounted flanks converge, 4,500 French killed, King Jean and his sons captured. English losses light.
Agincourt, 25 Oct. 1415: 5,700 English (mostly archers) under Henry V defeat 25,000 French under the Constable d'Albret; French losses exceed 8,000; English: 400.
II. The Black Death
Begins in Sicily, October 1347
Reaches France, January 1348; rages in Paris until 1349
Reaches England, August 1348, continues until early 1350
Recurrences: 1360, 1369
B. Death Toll
European total estimated at 1/3 of population, or ca. 20,000,000
Cities worst hit: Avignon 50% (ca. 25,000), Paris 50% (50,000), London 1/3 (ca. 18,000), Siena, Venice 2/3, Hamburg, Bremen 3/5.
Countryside: 200,000 villages wiped out in Europe
C. Social Consequences
Economic: inflation, shortage of labor, peasant strikes, Statute of Laborers 1351; later, rebellions (Italy: Ciompi 1378, France: Jacquerie 1358, England: Wat Tyler 1381)
Behavioral: lawlessness, debauchery, despair, obsession with death (Danse macabre)
III. Papal Schism (1378-1417)
A. The Avignon Papacy
1303: King Philippe IV of France abducts Pope Boniface VIII, who dies
1305: Pope Clement V, French, installed in Avignon, beginning what Petrarch would call the "Babylonian Captivity"
B.The Return to Rome and Onset of Schism
1367: Pope Urban V returns to Rome, meets resistance; returns to Avignon 1370, dies
Gregory XI goes to Rome Jan. 1377, also meets resistance; dies there March 1378
9 Apr. 1378: Cardinals elect Urban VI (Roman); he's not to their liking so:
20 Sept. they elect Clement VII (Robert of Geneva), who heads for Avignon
Battle lines: England for Urban, France for Clement; all others play hard to get.
IV. Chaucer's political career
A. Diplomatic service
1367: first royal mission abroad
1372-'73, 1378: missions to Italy
B. Royal Functionary
1374: Appointed to Customhouse
1376-'77: on "king's secret business" in France
1381: Royal marriage negotiations in France
1385-'86: Member of peace commission in Kent
1386: end of Customs post; elected "Knight of Shire" from Kent
1388: Survives Appellants, Merciless Parliament (Thomas Usk does not...)
1393-'98: favor of both Richard II, Henry of Derby
Richard II deposed, accession of Henry IV; Ch's grants renewed, increased
Appendix: Fourteenth-Century Kings
Edward I (r. 1272-1307) b. 1239
Edward II (r. 1307-deposed 20 Jan. 1327; died 12 Sept. 1327) b. 1284
Edward III (r. 1327--personal rule 1330--d. 1377) b. 1312,
Richard II (r. 1377-1399--personal rule May 1389) b. 6 Jan. 1367.
Philippe IV "le Bel" (r. 1285-1314)
Louis X (r. 1314-1318)
Philippe V (r. 1318-1323)
Charles IV (r. 1323-1328)--END OF CAPETIAN DYNASTY
Philippe VI (r. 1328-1350)--BEGINNING OF VALOIS DYNASTY
Jean II "le Bon" (r. 1350-1364)
Charles V "le Sage" (r. 1364-1380)
Charles VI (1380-1422); bn. 1358.