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Anonymous asked in Arts & HumanitiesHistory · 6 years ago

Historical Events that happend on the 14th?

.. Please help its for a project

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  • 6 years ago
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    Here is a list of information that might help you out a bit

    The most notable historic events, in my opinion, would be the Black Plague (Black Death), the Renaissance (1350's-1550's), and the Hundred Years War.

    Hope this helps!

    I. The Hundred Years War (1337-1453)

    A. Beginnings

    England, 1327: Edward III becomes king

    France, 1328: Philippe VI (de Valois) ignores better claim of Edward of England, ascends throne

    1337: Edward claims French throne, war begins

    B. Major Battles

    Crécy, 26 Aug. 1346: English bowmen defeat a far superior force led by Philippe VI; French losses (ca. 11,000, incl. 1,200 knights) exceed entire English army.

    Poitiers, 19 Sept. 1356: 6,000 English under Edward the Black Prince vs. 20,500 French under King Jean II; bowmen throw French chivalry into confusion, English mounted flanks converge, 4,500 French killed, King Jean and his sons captured. English losses light.

    Agincourt, 25 Oct. 1415: 5,700 English (mostly archers) under Henry V defeat 25,000 French under the Constable d'Albret; French losses exceed 8,000; English: 400.

    II. The Black Death

    A. Chronology

    Begins in Sicily, October 1347

    Reaches France, January 1348; rages in Paris until 1349

    Reaches England, August 1348, continues until early 1350

    Recurrences: 1360, 1369

    B. Death Toll

    European total estimated at 1/3 of population, or ca. 20,000,000

    Cities worst hit: Avignon 50% (ca. 25,000), Paris 50% (50,000), London 1/3 (ca. 18,000), Siena, Venice 2/3, Hamburg, Bremen 3/5.

    Countryside: 200,000 villages wiped out in Europe

    C. Social Consequences

    Economic: inflation, shortage of labor, peasant strikes, Statute of Laborers 1351; later, rebellions (Italy: Ciompi 1378, France: Jacquerie 1358, England: Wat Tyler 1381)

    Behavioral: lawlessness, debauchery, despair, obsession with death (Danse macabre)

    III. Papal Schism (1378-1417)

    A. The Avignon Papacy

    1303: King Philippe IV of France abducts Pope Boniface VIII, who dies

    1305: Pope Clement V, French, installed in Avignon, beginning what Petrarch would call the "Babylonian Captivity"

    B.The Return to Rome and Onset of Schism

    1367: Pope Urban V returns to Rome, meets resistance; returns to Avignon 1370, dies

    Gregory XI goes to Rome Jan. 1377, also meets resistance; dies there March 1378

    9 Apr. 1378: Cardinals elect Urban VI (Roman); he's not to their liking so:

    20 Sept. they elect Clement VII (Robert of Geneva), who heads for Avignon

    Battle lines: England for Urban, France for Clement; all others play hard to get.

    IV. Chaucer's political career

    A. Diplomatic service

    1367: first royal mission abroad

    1372-'73, 1378: missions to Italy

    B. Royal Functionary

    1374: Appointed to Customhouse

    1376-'77: on "king's secret business" in France

    1381: Royal marriage negotiations in France

    1385-'86: Member of peace commission in Kent

    1386: end of Customs post; elected "Knight of Shire" from Kent

    1388: Survives Appellants, Merciless Parliament (Thomas Usk does not...)

    1393-'98: favor of both Richard II, Henry of Derby

    Richard II deposed, accession of Henry IV; Ch's grants renewed, increased

    Appendix: Fourteenth-Century Kings

    England:

    Edward I (r. 1272-1307) b. 1239

    Edward II (r. 1307-deposed 20 Jan. 1327; died 12 Sept. 1327) b. 1284

    Edward III (r. 1327--personal rule 1330--d. 1377) b. 1312,

    Richard II (r. 1377-1399--personal rule May 1389) b. 6 Jan. 1367.

    France:

    Philippe IV "le Bel" (r. 1285-1314)

    Louis X (r. 1314-1318)

    Philippe V (r. 1318-1323)

    Charles IV (r. 1323-1328)--END OF CAPETIAN DYNASTY

    Philippe VI (r. 1328-1350)--BEGINNING OF VALOIS DYNASTY

    Jean II "le Bon" (r. 1350-1364)

    Charles V "le Sage" (r. 1364-1380)

    Charles VI (1380-1422); bn. 1358.

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