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Anonymous
Anonymous asked in Arts & HumanitiesHistory · 8 years ago

Do you agree with chamberlain that the munich agreement was a victory for peace and why?

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  • Gerry
    Lv 7
    8 years ago
    Favorite Answer

    Personally I don't really fault the PM in making that statement at that particular point in time of history ~ Corporal Hitler merely suckered him into believing something that Hitler had no intention of honoring. Hard to look at this now in the hindsight of years and not feel at least a little badly for Chamberlain.

    PM Winston Churchill is quoted here (during the funeral of PM Chamberlain) in part as to his thoughts and he obviously urged each person to search his conscience:

    "It fell to Neville Chamberlain in one of the supreme crises of the world to be contradicted by events, to be disappointed in his hopes, and to be deceived and cheated by a wicked man. But what were these hopes in which he was disappointed? What were these wishes in which he was frustrated? What was that faith that was abused? They were surely among the most noble and benevolent instincts of the human heart-the love of peace, the toil for peace, the strife for peace, the pursuit of peace, even at great peril, and certainly to the utter disdain of popularity or clamour. Whatever else history may or may not say about these terrible, tremendous years, we can be sure that Neville Chamberlain acted with perfect sincerity according to his lights and strove to the utmost of his capacity and authority, which were powerful, to save the world from the awful, devastating struggle in which we are now engaged. This alone will stand him in good stead as far as what is called the verdict of history is concerned."

    You can read the full account provided to the House of Commons on 12 November 1940 with the link I have provided below.

  • 8 years ago

    We have the advantage of seeing history with 20/20 hindsight.

    There are a number of things we need to consider such as that Chamberlain was not well while negotiating with Hitler.

    Public opinion in France, England, the United States (and other nations which became the allies in World War II) was such the general public did not see a war on the horizon and was also tired of war. When Churchill started to cry out for people to beware of the Nazi menace, many wished they would take his microphone away.

    From Chamberlain's perspective his discussions at Munich were a success because when he landed back at home he waved a document in his hand which had the signature of Hitler on it agreeing to Chamberlain's terms. Unfortunately as history unfolded that piece of paper turned out to have no value other than if it were put on sale through eBay, it would be worth a lot monetarily because of its historicity.

    When Chamberlain de-planed and made his announcement every voice reacting to his news regarding having achieved a 'lasting peace' sounded like it agreed and rejoiced from this wonderful news.

  • 8 years ago

    Do you agree with Chamberlain that the Munich agreement was a victory for peace and why?

    That is a capital victory.

  • 8 years ago

    Chamberlain was dead wrong! The Munich Agreement was *not* a victory for peace because Hitler promptly tore up the agreement and went on to invade Poland.

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  • Anonymous
    8 years ago

    Well... obviously it wasn't a victory of peace. But at the time nobody was sure. Nobody realized just how crazy Hitler was.

    Chamberlain was an old guy and he'd been through the 1st World War which was so horrific and deadly and awful that he was willing to believe just about anything to avoid the next war. So at the time, he took the step he thought most reasonable.

  • ALAN
    Lv 6
    8 years ago

    Neville Chamberlain is one ot the most misrepresented and unjustly maligned figures in British History, and the misrepedesentations are still being regularly repeated on RRadio TV, and in the Press - a classic example of the "Dr.Goebbels' Principle" that "The public will believe any lie which they hear repeated a sufficient number of times" - and then will repeat that lie themselves.

    Chamberlain did NOT believe that he had achieved any "victory for peace", but he HAD to make the speech at Croydon Airport to calm public panic. Nor was he “deceived by Hitler” for one minute. He immediately reversed Britain’s massive disarmament programme, pulling 50 destroyers out of scrapyards, ordering new aircraft for the RAF, encouraging recruitment into the Territorial Army, RNVR and RAF Reserve, setting up the Air Raid Precautions (“ARP”) Services, providing everyone in the country, including babies, with gas-masks, making plans for evacuation of mothers and children from big cities, and – for the first time in British History, introduced " Conscription" in time of peace. Hardly the actions of someone who had been "deceived into believing that he had achieved "peace in our time" !

    And all this was done in the face of strong opposition by the Labour Party and Trades Unions. As early as 1922, pacifism became the official doctrine of the Labour movement. Socialist Parties everywhere would "oppose any war entered into by any Government, whatever the ostensible object of the war." This was still the attitude in 1932. "This CoConference.... declares its unqualified hostility to the re-arming of any country in any circumstances." Ten months after Hitler came to power, the Leader of the Labour Party declared - "I would close every recruiting station, disband the Army and dismiss the Air Force. I would abolish the whole dreadful equipment of war and say to the world "'Do your worst !" In February 1933, on the motion of Dr.C.E.M.Joad ( recently a Labour candidate), the Oxford Union Society carried a resolution that "This House will in no circumstances fight for King and Country", and in 1934 Clement Attlee stated - "We have absolutely abandoned any idea of nationalist loyalty.

    You can see why we had had to “appease” the Dictators ! But today it is CHAMBERLAIN who is accused of this !

    In April 1939 - AFTER the breaking of the Munich Agreement by Hitler, and his occupation of Czechoslovakia - the Chamberlain Government introduced a motion for "Compulsory Military Training". 138 Socialist and 7 Liberal M.P.s voted against it.

    "I will do all I can to get not only the engineers on the Clyde, but the engineers throughout Britain, to down tools against conscription.

    David Kirkwood.

    Fortunately, when, in September 1939, the expected war broke out, Chamberlain’s vigorous policies had got the country into a reasonable state of preparedness.

    .

    Source(s): "I was there", and remember it well !
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