Anonymous asked in Arts & HumanitiesHistory · 7 years ago

how many new colonies did the europeans have in the north america?

Social studies

6 Answers

  • Philip
    Lv 6
    7 years ago
    Favorite Answer

    You count them. I'm not sure how you define "colony."

    Norse / Vikings: Greenland, Vinland, Helluland, & Markland. Is Greenland part of N America? The other three were not permanent.

    Spain: 2 (Nuevo España and Florida)

    Russia: 1, 2, or 3. Do you count Alaska, the Aleutian Islands and northern California as one or more than one colony?

    Duchy of Courland: Island of Tobago (Caribbean)

    Denmark also had colonies in the Caribbean.

    Netherlands: Several colonies in the West Indies plus New Netherland. Since this later became New York (and New Jersey and part of Connecticut), I don't know if you count this.

    France: New France: Acadia, Canada, Isle St. Jean, Ile Royale, Terre Nueva (Newfoundland) & Illinois.

    in 1534, Francis sent Jacques Cartier on the first of three voyages to explore the coast of Newfoundland and the St. Lawrence River. The French subsequently tried to establish several colonies throughout North America that failed, due to weather, disease, or conflict with other European powers. Cartier attempted to create the first permanent European settlement in North America at Cap-Rouge (Quebec City) in 1541 with 400 settlers but the settlement was abandoned the next year after bad weather and first nations attacks. A small group of French troops were left on Parris Island, South Carolina in 1562 to build Charlesfort, but left after a year when they were not resupplied by France. Fort Caroline established in present-day Jacksonville, Florida in 1564, lasted only a year before being destroyed by the Spanish from St. Augustine. An attempt to settle convicts on Sable Island off Nova Scotia in 1598 failed after a short time. In 1599, a sixteen-person trading post was established in Tadoussac (in present-day Quebec), of which only five men survived the first winter. In 1604, Saint Croix Island in Acadia was the site of a short-lived French colony, much plagued by illness, perhaps scurvy. The following year the settlement was moved to Port Royal. Fort Saint Louis was established in Texas in 1685, but was gone by 1688. France lost New France to the British through six colonial wars. I count six separate colonies in this paragraph.

    Portugal: the Portuguese Crown claimed it had territorial rights in the area visited by John Cabot in 1497 and 1498. To that end, in 1499 and 1500, the Portuguese mariner João Fernandes Lavrador visited the north Atlantic coast, which accounts for the appearance of "Labrador" on topographical maps of the period. Subsequently, in 1501 and 1502 the Corte-Real brothers explored Newfoundland and Labrador, claiming them as part of the Portuguese Empire.[3][2] In 1506, King Manuel I of Portugal created taxes for the cod fisheries in Newfoundland waters. João Álvares Fagundes and Pêro de Barcelos established fishing outposts in Newfoundland and Nova Scotia around 1521; however, these were later abandoned, with the Portuguese colonizers focusing their efforts on South America. The extent and nature of Portuguese activity on the Canadian mainland during the 16th century remains unclear and controversial. Thus I count two colonies in N America.

    Scotland: 4: Nova Scotia, East New Jersey, Stuarts Town (Carolina), and Darien Scheme (Panama). Central America is considered part of North America.

    About 30 British colonies. Check the link.

  • Bryce
    Lv 7
    7 years ago

    All of 'em. All the colonies in North America were established by Europeans -- the English, French, Spanish, Portuguese, and Russians, primarily.

  • 7 years ago


  • 7 years ago

    what section of the united states are you referring to?

    what period of time,1600, 1700,1800's ??

    which European expansion are you speaking of ? the French, the English, the dutch, the germans, the Spanish, ??

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  • 7 years ago

    13 colony's is what we have been taught in school!

  • ?
    Lv 7
    7 years ago

    The simple answer is all of them.

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