Authoritarian = Someone who believes that the government should have lots of power and AUTHORITY over people, it should regulate and inspect what people do, and probably receive lots of funding for that. It can be both mild and extreme.
Fascism is the political ideology that Mussolini had in Italy during the 1930's, and it is extreme authoritarian, because he controlled what people do a lot.
Capitalism = An economic system where essentially citizens are allowed to own private property and industry, such as owning a factory. Capitalist "philosophy" is when people run factories and hire workers with the only purpose of making a profit, rather than, for example, making goods for giving out to the poor. But it is possible to live in a capitalist economy and not live by capitalist philosophy, i.e. like charities do.
Conservatism = A social system which is hard to describe. . Conservatism essentially comes from the world "conserve" which means say "no" to any new change you disagree with, however the conservative party often suggest new ideas of their own.
You'd like to think that the Republican party is 100% conservative but this is not always so. In most cases in history, the conservatives stood for capitalism, used to stand for authoritarianism but now often stand for libertarianism (I'll explain it later). In terms of social policies, in the past they used to be very Christian and emphasising morals, e.g. banning alcohol in the 20's, adopting the Hay's Code in the Cinema which dictated what dirty things cinemas can show, acting according to moral law from the Bible.
Liberal = The opposite of a conservative in a sense, who want some kind of change. Currently, it's the Democratic party that pushes for change, so they are the liberals, but when the Republicans were pushing for new policies in the 1920's, you could say they were the liberals back then, and the Democrats who opposed them were conservative.
Today, liberals push for legalising marijuana, creating marriages for homosexuals, national healthcare, etc... these are all new ideas for America hence why they are liberal.
Libertarian = The opposite of an authoritarian, not related to liberals. They believe in less government control in people's lives, less funding and authority for the government. For example, less business inspections.
Sorry if I went a bit long, these are hard to explain simply because many people may disagree with me :)
· 6 years ago