JCK
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JCK asked in Arts & HumanitiesHistory · 7 years ago

Did the US Navy ever face the Kriegsmarine in open battles.?

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  • 7 years ago
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    About the only surface battles that I can think of post-1942 that the US could have possibly been involved in was the Battle of the Channel during Operation Neptune [the naval component of Overlord] in which the Channel had to be cleared of enemy ships prior to D-Day. To my knowledge the only ships that saw surface ship vs ship engagements were British or Canadian, eg HMCS Haida sinking two Ebling-class German destroyers during that campaign.

    Barring escort duty in which the enemy was UBoats, that was about it for the USN in the ETO as far as 'open battles' against the Kriegsmarine goes.

    That said there were smaller actions, eg:

    "USS Rowan (DD-405) sunk after being torpedoed by German motor torpedo boat off Salerno, Italy, 11 September 1943.

    PT-509 destroyed by ramming of a German minesweeper in the English Channel, 9 August 1944.

    USS LST-314 sunk by German motor torpedo boats off Normandy, France, 9 June 1944.

    USS LST-376 sunk by German motor torpedo boats off Normandy, France, 9 June 1944.

    USS LST-507 sunk by German motor torpedo boats in Lyme Bay, England, 28 April 1944.

    USS LST-531 sunk by German motor torpedo boats in Lyme Bay, England, 28 April 1944.

    USS Partridge (ATO-138) sunk after being torpedoed by German motor torpedo boats off Normandy, France, 11 June 1944"

    "On 15 and 17 August 1944 U.S. destroyers encountered and sank German corvettes. On 2 October 1944 a US destroyer fought an inconclusive action against two German torpedo boats and a destroyer. US PT boats sank a German corvette on 3 November 1943. In May and June 1944 PT boats tangled with German corvettes and torpedo boats on five occasions, sinking two corvettes and three torpedo boats. US PT boats supported by destroyer escorts engaged German M class minesweepers off the Channel Islands in August 1944 on three occasions. German minesweepers sank an American sub chaster off Granville, France on 8 March 1945"

    http://www.feldgrau.net/forum/viewtopic.php?f=41&t...

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  • 7 years ago

    USN destroyers and German U-boats began taking pot shots at each other in the spring of 1941. The Battle of the Atlantic continued thereafter.

    From 1942-45, there was essentially no surface fleet other than the E-boats at sea for the Kriegsmarine, so there were no surface battles of the sort seen at the Battle of Surigao Strait. Even had the US been in the war from '39, it's unlikely they'd have had such a battle, as Churchill was lobbying hard for the USN to take over responsibility for the defense of Singapore and Hong Kong.

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  • Anonymous
    7 years ago

    The Royal Navy had the Nazi Navy (Kriegsmarine) pretty well bottled up before the US entered the war. The few surface raiders had already been hunted down and sunk. The German Navy never engaged in a large scale surface action like the Battle of Jutland in 1916 with either the Royal Navy or the US Navy.

    However, the U-Boat (anti-U-Boat) war was quite intense during the early part of the war. I would call many of these confrontations "open battles," even if they were not as dramatic as--oh...I don't know; say--The Battle off Samar where three US destroyers, three escort destroyers and a handful of jeep carriers took on what was left of the Japanese Navy in 1944...and defeated them in a surface action.

    Source(s): History-buff....
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  • Anonymous
    7 years ago

    During 1941, the Kriegsmarine and the United States Navy became de facto belligerents, although war was not formally declared, leading to the sinking of the USS Reuben James. This hostility was the result of the American decision to support Britain with its Lend-Lease program and the subsequent decision to escort Lend-Lease convoys with American war ships through the western part of the Atlantic.

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  • 7 years ago

    in a modest continuation to Needful Sinners as always excellent answer, from 9 December 1941 to May 5 1945,US forces ( DDs, DEs,CVEs and long range Navy B-24s and PBY Catalinas accounting for almost all the kills) sank 186 of the 888 U-Boats sunk in WW2.

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