Anonymous
Anonymous asked in Arts & HumanitiesHistory · 7 years ago

Tell me about thomas edisons life?

Can you tell me about his life but don't make it too long? Like with the main ideas and a few datails? About a paragraph or so

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  • 7 years ago
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    Thomas Edison was born in Milan, Ohio and grew up in Port Huron, Michigan. Partially deaf since adolescence, he became a telegraph operator in the 1860s, and a famously fast one. Some of his earliest inventions related to electrical telegraphy, including a stock ticker.

    Edison spent a time in his youth selling snacks and candy on the railroad. He also labored as a pig slaughterer and started a business selling vegetables. He could reputedly guess a man's weight correctly by simply looking at him. Around 1862, Edison printed and published "The Weekly Herald". It was the first newspaper typeset and printed on a moving train. The Port Huron Times-Herald featured a story on Edison and his paper. Edison applied for his first patent, the electric vote recorder, on October 28, 1868.

    Thomas Edison began his career as an inventor in Newark, New Jersey with the stockticker and improved telegraphic devices being invented there, but the invention which first gained Edison wide fame was the phonograph in 1877. While non-reproducible sound recording was first achieved by Leon Scott de Martinville (France, 1857), and others at the time (notably Charles Cros) were contemplating the notion that sound waves might be recorded and reproduced, Edison was the first to publically demonstrate a device to actually do so, and this was so unexpected by the public at large as to appear almost magical. Edison became known as "The Wizard of Menlo Park" (after the New Jersey town where he resided). His first phonograph recorded on tinfoil cylinders, had low sound quality, and destroyed the track during replay such that one could listen only once. A redesigned model which used wax cylinders was produced soon after by Alexander Graham Bell. Sound quality was still low and replays were limited before wear destroyed the recording, but the invention enjoyed popularity. The "gramophone", playing gramophone records, was invented by Emile Berliner in 1887, but in the early years the audio fidelity was worse than the phonograph cylinders marketed by Edison Records.

    Edison's major innovation was the Menlo Park research lab, which was built in New Jersey. It was the first institution set up with the specific purpose of producing constant technological innovation and improvement. Most of the inventions there carried Edison as the inventor, though he primarily supervised the operation and work of his employees.

    Most of Edison's patents were utility patents, with only about a dozen being design patents. Many of his inventions were not unique, but Edison demonstrated an ability to win the patents and beat his opponents by influence and better marketing. For example, Edison did not invent the electric light bulb. Several designs had already been developed by earlier inventors including Joseph Swan, Henry Woodward, Mathew Evans, James Bowman Lindsay, William Sawyer and Heinrich Goebel. Edison took the features of these earlier designs and set his workers to the task of creating longer-lasting bulb. After Edison purchased the Woodward and Evans patent of 1875, his employees experimented with a large number of different materials in order to increase the bulb's burning time. By 1879 they had achieved the goal of increasing the burning time enough to make the light bulb commercially viable. Whilst the earlier inventors had produced electric lighting in laboratory conditions, Edison was able to bring lighting to homes and businesses by mass-producing relatively long-lasting light bulbs and creating a system for the generation and distribution of electricity.

    Thomas Edison was an atheist. He was married twice, the first time in 1871 to Mary Stilwell (1855-1884), with whom he had three children - Marion Estelle, Thomas Jr., and William Leslie - before she died at age 29, probably of typhoid fever. His second marriage was to Mina Miller (1865-1946), also with three children, Madeleine, Charles (who took over the company), and Theodore Miller. He purchased a home known as Glenmont in 1886 as a wedding gift for Mina in West Orange, New Jersey. The remains of Thomas and Mina Edison are now buried there. The 13.5 acre (55,000 m²) property is maintained by the National Park Service as the Edison National Historical Site.

  • 7 years ago

    When he was a child, he was savagely beaten by his father. One of the beatings left him deaf in one ear. He was a ruthless businessman. Although a brilliant inventor in his own right, Edison hired many other brilliant inventors and he put his own name on patents to the things those people invented while in his employ (effectively denying them both profits and prestige). He was a close friend of fellow inventor/ innovator/ ruthless businessman, Henry Ford.

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