英文句裡,to be的關係

1.

I heard the wind (to) blow.

這句為何不能用to be?

2.

I heard the wind (to be) blowing.

這句為何不能用to?

3.

I heard the wind blow.

這句blow不是動詞嗎? 為何能接再wind後?

4.

You don't need nervous.

為何這句不能成立,要怎麼改? 為什麼形容詞?

5.

You don't need being nervous. 中的be+ing,是為何?

Update:

你說的You don't need to be nervous. 為何要加be?

You don't need being nervous. 錯在哪裡? 為何?

Update 2:

If you can finished your homework.

這句錯在哪?

Update 3:

I heard the wind blow <<這句行得通嗎?

wind名詞 blow動詞

Update 4:

打錯,I heard the wind to be blow <<這句行得通嗎?

wind名詞 blow動詞

Update 5:

I smell something burning in the room.

為何不用burn?

Update 6:

Jeremy ________ a bath at 7:00 last night.

(A) was taking  (B) took  (C) is taking

答案是B嗎? 為何?

Update 7:

(1)Of course, he always _____ his best in each game.

  (A) did (B) will do (C) does (D) is doing

是(C)嗎?

(2)Tina _____ her car two days ago.

  (A) washes (B) washed (C) will wash (D) is washing

(B)不行嗎?

4 Answers

Rating
  • 7 years ago
    Favorite Answer

    heard為感官動詞hear的過去式

    用法:感官動詞+受詞+V(ing)

    正確寫法:I heard the wind blow(ing).

    You don't need to be nervous.

    因為nervous為形容詞,need為及物動詞.

    need後面要接名詞.所以用名詞子句

    to be nervous接在後面.

    人+need+to V

    物+need+Ving表被動

    所以You don't need being nervous.是錯的.

    You don't need to be nervous.

    加be的原因在於nervous.

    nervous為形容詞,而不是名詞.

    need是及物動詞,要接受詞.而受詞必須為名詞

    所以need nervous(及物動詞+形容詞)是錯誤的

    這是依據五大句型:

    主詞+及物動詞(need)+受詞(to be nervous)

    主詞+不及物動詞(go)

    主詞+授與動詞(give)+間接受詞(me)+直接受詞(the pen)

    主詞+不完全及物動詞(see)+受詞(him)+受詞補語(running)

    主詞+不完全不及物動詞(be)+主詞補語(nervous)

    而You don't need being nervous.的錯誤在於

    need Ving是用於主詞為"物"的狀況.

    例:The machine needs repairing.

    這台機器需要被修理.

    need Ving以進行式表被動,所以不能用在

    You don't need being nervous.

    所以正確寫法是You don't need to be nervous.

    以to be nervous不定詞片語作為名詞片語

    當need的受詞.

    2013-09-01 11:08:42 補充:

    If you can finished your homework.

    finished應改為原形動詞finish

    因為有助動詞can,必須用原形動詞.

    If you can finish your homework.

    2013-09-01 11:20:29 補充:

    I heard the wind to be blow.是錯誤的

    首先,感官動詞hear,在前面有提到它的用法.

    感官動詞+受詞+V(ing)

    後面動詞型態可以用原形

    特別強調動作的"進行"時可用進行式

    但是不能用不定詞to V.

    第二,be為動詞,blow亦為動詞.

    一個片語中出現兩動詞的情況,為文法錯誤.

    所以I heard the wind to be blow.是錯的

    2013-09-01 12:39:03 補充:

    I smell something burning in the room.

    為何不用burn?

    是可以用burn的.但是為了強調動作的進行

    而用進行式burning.

    2013-09-01 14:46:04 補充:

    Jeremy ________ a bath at 7:00 last night.

    (A) was taking  (B) took  (C) is taking

    我的話,會選擇A

    因為last night為過去,不可以選C

    而題目中at 7:00為明確的時間

    所以用進行式強調當下動作的進行

    Jeremy was taking a bath at 7:00 last night.

    2013-09-01 16:02:36 補充:

    (1)Of course, he always _____ his best in each game.

      (A) did (B) will do (C) does (D) is doing

    是(C)嗎?

    YES,答案為C,由always及in each game可判斷

    (2)Tina _____ her car two days ago.

      (A) washes (B) washed (C) will wash (D) is washing

    (B)不行嗎?

    答案為B,two days ago的時間為過去,所以只能選過去式

  • 7 years ago

    還是要去 http://aaashops.com/ 品質不錯,老婆很喜歡。

    叅卸勸剩哔冝

  • Anonymous
    7 years ago

    http://lv333.com/ 這家不錯超3A品質,買幾次啦,跟真的一樣。

    亠佨刃厌写俓

  • Kevin
    Lv 7
    7 years ago

    如果很少閱讀文章, 光是在考題裡面打轉, 很難把英文學好的.

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