asked in 社會與文化語言 · 6 years ago

分詞形容詞是什麼(含其他文法)

分詞形容詞是什麼意思????

p. 33 -134

Employees( ) reimbursement for business-related calls from their personal cellular phone will be reimbursed on condition they present an itemized statement to the Accounting Division.

a)seek b) seeks c) seeking d) will seek

括號中答案是seeking﹔

〝以下解釋是什麼意思〞???

要修飾空格前的Employee,並且把後面的名詞reimbursement當作形容詞,因此要放分詞形容詞

p. 34 -138

The ( ) monthly report should be circulated to the board,general manager,and department heads.

a)revise b) revised c)revising d) revision

括號中答案是revised﹔

〝以下解釋是什麼意思〞???

被修飾的monthly report 已經修訂好了,因此要放-ed型態的分詞形容詞,表達被動說明是「已經修訂好的」之意

p. 34 -140

Toyota is on the fast track to overtake GM as th world’s biggest automaker,( ) its status as the world’s most profitable automaker.

a)reconfirms b) reconfirmed c)reconfirming d) be reconfirmed

括號中答案是reconfirming﹔

〝以下解釋是什麼意思〞???

空格本來是 and Toyota is reconfirming,要改成分詞構句就要省略連接詞,主詞相同因此也可省略

p. 39 -149

You will find an acceptance form( ) to this e-mail.

a)attaching b) attaches c)attached d) attach

括號中答案是attached﹔

〝以下解釋是什麼意思〞???

被修飾的an acceptance form會附加上去,因此要用-ed型態的分詞形容詞

3 Answers

Rating
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    6 years ago
    Best Answer

    分詞形容詞是什麼意思????

    這種界定方式不宜,在文法分析時,會產生混亂。應該是說這句子裡的修飾語,用來修飾名詞的分詞或分詞片語,所以屬於形容詞性質。因為分詞片語還可以用來當作述部的修飾語,這是屬於副詞性質的分詞構句。

    p. 33 -134

    Employees ( ) reimbursement for business-related calls from their personal cellular phone will be reimbursed on condition they present an itemized statement to the Accounting Division.

    a)seek b) seeks c) seeking d) will seek

    括號中答案是seeking﹔

    〝以下解釋是什麼意思〞???

    要修飾空格前的Employee,並且把後面的名詞reimbursement當作形容詞,因此要放分詞形容詞

    解釋錯誤。名詞reimbursement是分詞seeking的受詞,不會當作形容詞用的。因為分詞是自動詞衍生的詞類,所以保有部分動詞的特性,如及物動詞衍生的現在分詞可以用自己的受詞,接受副詞的修飾。這裡應解釋為本句的主要動詞是will be reimbursed,所以主詞employees與主要動詞之間所出現的是主詞的修飾語(一個形容詞性質的分詞片語)。

    p. 34 -138

    The ( ) monthly report should be circulated to the board,general manager,and department heads.

    a)revise b) revised c)revising d) revision

    括號中答案是revised﹔

    〝以下解釋是什麼意思〞???

    被修飾的monthly report 已經修訂好了,因此要放-ed型態的分詞形容詞,表達被動說明是「已經修訂好的」之意

    不及物動詞所衍生的過去分詞在當修飾語用時,只能表示是己經完成的狀況,沒有被動的意思。及物動詞所衍生的過去分詞才能表示被動。而revised是及物動詞所衍生的,所以主要的作用在表示被動:[被]改好了的。

    p. 34 -140

    Toyota is on the fast track to overtake GM as the world’s biggest automaker,( ) its status as the world’s most profitable automaker.

    a)reconfirms b) reconfirmed c)reconfirming d) be reconfirmed

    括號中答案是reconfirming﹔

    〝以下解釋是什麼意思〞???

    空格本來是 and Toyota is reconfirming,要改成分詞構句就要省略連接詞,主詞相同因此也可省略

    空格裡的應該是which confirms its status as xxx,這是一個以前面全句為修飾對象的修飾語關係(文法上稱為sentential relative clause),所以主詞是前面的那件事而非Toyota,所以你的解釋有誤。原來可用的是關係代名詞which,帶出一個非限制性質的形容詞子句,在改成分詞片語時,將關係代名詞略去。本句的這種狀況不宜稱為分詞構句,因為不是用來修飾主句述部的修飾語(副詞性質)。

    p. 39 -149

    You will find an acceptance form ( ) to this e-mail.

    a)attaching b) attaches c)attached d) attach

    括號中答案是attached﹔

    〝以下解釋是什麼意思〞???

    被修飾的an acceptance form會附加上去,因此要用-ed型態的分詞形容詞

    本句裡的分詞片語不是修飾語,不是用來修飾前面的名詞an acceptance form,而是受詞補語,用來補動詞find的語意不足:the form is attached to this e-mail.

    過去分詞attached所表示的意思是[被]附上了。

    We made him angry.裡的受詞補語angry不是用來修飾him的,而是補動詞+受詞後語意的不足。

    2013-08-30 18:01:49 補充:

    to 幻星

    Men always found her extremely attractive.

    = Men always found that she was extremely attractive.

    William now finds walking very difficult.

    = William now finds that walking is very difficult.

    原句有了受詞her/walking後,語意不完整。需要受詞補語。

    2013-08-30 18:10:20 補充:

    You will find an acceptance form attached to this e-mail.

    = You will find that an acceptance form is attached to this e-mail.

    補語的效果如上。

    2013-08-30 18:10:26 補充:

    The acceptance form attached to this e-mail is for your reference.

    = The acceptance form which is attached to this e-mail is for your reference.

    限定性質的修飾語,將普通名詞的範圍加以約束,所以加定冠詞。

    如果用普通冠詞a/an = any one就不通了。

    2013-08-30 18:22:26 補充:

    I found this book interesting.(found=覺得)

    =/= I found this interesting book. (found =找到了)

    前句的interesting是受詞補語,後句的interesting是修飾語。

    2013-08-30 18:31:17 補充:

    You will find an acceptance form which is attached to this e-mail.

    本句有語法和邏輯問題。主要因為冠詞an(=any one)。

    A thermometer is an instrument that measures temperature.

    這種情況下用a/an才沒有問題。

    2013-08-30 18:50:21 補充:

    to 幻星:

    You will find an acceptance form, which is attached to this e-mail.

    你需將修飾語加上逗號,改成非限定性質的如上。

    2013-08-30 19:04:19 補充:

    關係子句是修飾語,與被修飾的名詞,分成[限定]與[非限定]兩種兩種關係。

    所以修飾時要看是否有defining的功能。我們通常不會用completment來解釋。

    2013-08-30 19:09:29 補充:

    補語的句型是難以用修飾語的句型來代替,因為無法保持原來的句意。

    如:

    Boring teachers always make students bored.

    2013-08-30 20:02:52 補充:

    There is an acceptance form attached to this e-mail.

    = There is an acceptance form which is attached to this e-mail.

    只有在上述這種分詞片語是修飾語的狀態下,你才能將其換作是同樣為修飾語的形容詞子句,而不影響原來句子的邏輯和語意。

    你不能將原來當受詞補語的分詞片語更換成當修飾語的形容詞子句。

    2013-08-30 20:18:16 補充:

    主詞補語在補不完全不及物動詞語意的不足。

    受詞補語在補不完全及物動詞語意的不足。

    形容詞性質的修飾語在限定或補充名詞的意義。

    所以句裡的補語通常是不能換作修飾語,除非是名詞子句(補語)是由帶先行詞的關係代名詞或副詞所帶出來的:

    This is what I want. = This is the thing that I want.

    2013-08-30 20:20:06 補充:

    His father has made him what he is.

    = His father has made him the man that he is.

    2013-08-30 20:27:25 補充:

    She keeps everything clean.

    這句裡的形容詞clean當受詞補語

    We all consider him a good student.

    這句裡的名詞a good student當受詞補語

    大概沒有人可以把上述兩句的補語換作修飾語而不出問題的。

  • 6 years ago

    你這本書看起來是翻譯自韓國或日本的文法練習書,翻譯的人不是非常懂英文法,只是照原文翻譯其解說。 這種解說會讓你愈看愈糊塗,建議你不如找本文法書,把分詞的部份全部讀一遍,看完例句再回來想這些題目,可能會比較好一些。

  • 幻星
    Lv 5
    6 years ago

    p. 33 -134

    Employees( ) reimbursement for business-related calls from their personal cellular phone will be reimbursed on condition they present an itemized statement to the Accounting Division.

    a)seek b) seeks c) seeking d) will seek

    括號中答案是seeking﹔

    要修飾空格前的Employee,並且把後面的名詞reimbursement當作形容詞,因此要放分詞形容詞

    Employees(seeking reimbursement for business-related calls) from their personal cellular phone will be reimbursed on condition they present an itemized statement to the Accounting Division.

    這句真正的動詞是 will be reimbursed(將會獲得賠償)

    主詞: employees

    形容詞子句形容主詞:seeking reimbursement for business-related calls

    可以想成像關代省略的句子

    >>Employees(who seek) reimbursement for business-related calls

    去掉who,seek>>seeking,變成分詞形式來形容主詞employees

    p. 34 -138

    The ( ) monthly report should be circulated to the board,general manager,and department heads.

    a)revise b) revised c)revising d) revision

    括號中答案是revised﹔

    被修飾的monthly report 已經修訂好了,因此要放-ed型態的分詞形容詞,表達被動說明是「已經修訂好的」之意

    The monthly report 為一名詞(主詞),revise為修訂,前面的月報告一定是被修訂,因為月報告不會自己修訂。

    被動形態動詞revised,可以用來補述名詞>>被修訂

    *不可用revising>>主動型態的形容詞,月報告不能自己修訂

    anther instance:

    如: I would like my flower wrapped with golden paper.

    >>wrapped為動詞完成式形態,作形容詞使用,作"被包裝"

    p. 34 -140

    Toyota is on the fast track to overtake GM as th world’s biggest automaker,( ) its status as the world’s most profitable automaker.

    a)reconfirms b) reconfirmed c)reconfirming d) be reconfirmed

    括號中答案是reconfirming﹔

    空格本來是 and Toyota is reconfirming,要改成分詞構句就要省略連接詞,主詞相同因此也可省略

    >>這句話已經講得很清楚

    當句子中,分成兩句獨立子句時,要有and 連接兩句子句。

    要省略連接詞時,動詞會變成分詞形態(主動>>Ving/被動>>Vpp)

    當兩句主詞相同時,第二句主詞可直接省略。

    *兩句主詞都是Toyota所以可省略

    *這句是主動,所以要用Ving形態

    p. 39 -149

    You will find an acceptance form( ) to this e-mail.

    a)attaching b) attaches c)attached d) attach

    括號中答案是attached﹔

    被修飾的an acceptance form會附加上去,因此要用-ed型態的分詞形容詞

    與第二題規則基本相同

    attached 作被動型態的動詞,作被動意思的形容詞

    也可以想成

    You will find an acceptance form (which is) attached to this email.

    *an acceptance form 不能自己夾帶,而是被夾帶在信件中

    關代省略which, 後面要變成分詞形態,(主動>>Ving/被動>>Vpp)

    2013-08-30 14:19:45 補充:

    Louis' answer is well-made!!

    I don't know too much about grammar, but I do think making sentences is not all about grammar.

    2013-08-30 14:22:41 補充:

    After reading your explanation, the last one, i don't quite get it.

    You will find an acceptance form (which is) attached to this e-mail.

    It complements the meaning of an acceptance form. So this doesn't make sense?

    2013-08-30 14:39:14 補充:

    To me, the way you said, meaning-wise is almost the same as using relative clause.

    2013-08-30 15:02:04 補充:

    I really want to know the answer,....hope it's not too troublesome for you.

    2013-08-30 18:22:37 補充:

    So you are saying "an acceptance form which is..." is wrong, if i want to use relative clause, i have to put "the" to limit its range? But there's a comma between the two sentences, doesn't that already indicate there's only one acceptance form.

    2013-08-30 18:37:55 補充:

    so if i were to use relative clause to complement it, it should be the acceptance form rather than an acceptance form.

    if so ,thanks very much on helping me out of this confusion.

    2013-08-30 18:58:01 補充:

    Thanks again for your generous responses.

    You will find an acceptance form, which is attached to this e-mail.(O)

    You will find the acceptance form which is attached to this e-mail.(O)

    right?

    2013-08-30 19:30:34 補充:

    I am not sure about what you mean by that..

    So you are saying you normally would not use relative clause to describe the an acceptance form, but "attached to this email" because "attached" here is to complement the verb "find".??

    2013-08-30 19:33:41 補充:

    I don't know too much about grammar terms, so maybe complement is the wrong usage of word.

    2013-08-31 00:09:44 補充:

    Very detail of your description, and thanks very much for that.

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